Shadows of Messiah – Aviv/Nisan

Shadows of Messiah - Aviv Nisan

The first month of the year is known as אביב ‘aviv’ (Abib)

Exo 23:15 You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I have commanded you, at the set time of the month of Abib. For in it you came out from Egypt, and they shall not appear before Me empty.
Deu 16:1 Observe the month Abib, and perform the Passover to Jehovah your God. For in the month of Abib Jehovah your God brought you out of Egypt by night.



Here we see that אביב ‘aviv’ means something new, which continues the next generation.  אביב ‘aviv’ comes from root אב ‘av’:

Here again we see that the word אביב ‘aviv’ is tracing back to something new or fresh and something that continues. This is connected to the calendar in that Spring is the new/fresh start of the year, continuing the cycle of the years anew. Just as the word indicates. Interesting, the pictograph means a pole. In order to find the equinoxes in ancient times a pole was used.

Spring is the time of year when the new year begins in the Biblical calendar (Exodus 12:2).  It is interesting to note that the English word ‘new’ comes from Latin word ‘novus’ which traces back further to the Hebrew word נוב ‘nov’ which means to spring forth or bear fruit (Psalm 92:15).  This is meaning of the first month of Biblical year אביב ‘aviv’ which is speaking of the springing forth of fruit and newness.

אביב ‘aviv’ also means green, the color of Spring.

Strong’s Concordance
H24
אביב
‘âbı̂yb
aw-beeb’
From an unused root (meaning to be tender); green, that is a young ear of grain; hence the name of the month Abib or Nisan: – Abib, ear, green ears of corn.

Green is also speaking of the sprouting or springing up of grass.

Gen 1:11  And God said, Let the earth bring forth (דשא ‘dasha’) grass (דשא ‘deshe’), the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.

In Messiah in the Torah Genesis 1:9-13, it is seen that the earth bringing forth (דשא ‘dasha’) is linked to birth/rebirth/resurrection.  דשא ‘dasha’ (bringing forth) is the same Hebrew word as grass (דשא ‘deshe’).


This links grass with birth and resurrection

דשא ‘deshe’ is also translated as green.

Psa 23:2  He makes me lie down in green {דשא ‘deshe} pastures; He leads me to waters of rest;

Here it is seen that the color green, and in particular green grass sprouting in the spring (אביב ‘aviv’) is linked with the resurrection & rebirth.

אביב ‘aviv’– Ear

aviv ear

The word אביב ‘aviv’ is translated as ‘ear’ in two verses of the Scripture (Exodus 9:31; Leviticus 2:14).  This word in English comes from the Old English ‘ear’ which means a ‘spike, ear of grain.’  It traces back to Greek word ‘akoste’ which means barley.

There is another interesting connection between אביב ‘aviv’ on earth and אביב ‘aviv’ in heaven in the star Spica.  Spica is a Latin word which means ‘ear of grain’ and corresponds to the Greek word ‘stakhys.’  This is the origin of the English word ‘spike’ which is related to the English word ‘ear’ mentioned above.

Spica is the star in the hand of Virgo and corresponds to the Hebrew word צמח ‘tsemach’ (the BRANCH Isaiah 4:2; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Zechariah 3:8; 6:12).  צמח ‘tsemach’ has the meaning of a sprouting or springing plant.  The Messiah is likened to a plant rising from the ground (Isaiah 11:1, 10; 53:1-2).


צמח ‘tsemach’ is used in reference to Messiah, the Branch.

Isa 4:2  In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.
Jer 23:5  Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
Jer 33:15  In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land.
Zec 3:8  Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH.
Zec 6:12  And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD:

Interestingly, it is during Spring around the time of early April that Spica rises above the horizon as the sun sets (The Friendly Stars pg 25).

אביב ‘aviv’  – New

In the Septuagint,  אביב ‘aviv’ is translated as νέων ‘neon’ which means new.  The English word ‘new’ traces back to this Greek word νέως ‘neos.’

Exo 13:4  ἐν γὰρ τῇ σήμερον ὑμεῖς ἐκπορεύεσθε ἐν μηνὶ τῶν νέων.

אביב ‘aviv’ & the Tequfah/Equinox

The English word ‘sprint’ is also related to Spring as ‘sprint’ comes from the Old Norse word ‘spretta’ meaning to jump up.  It is interesting to note that the Scriptures associate the movement of the sun through the skies and the תקופה ‘tequfah’ (equinox) to a race.

Psa 19:4  Their measuring line has gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world; in them He has set up a dwelling-place for the sun,
Psa 19:5  and he comes forth like a bridegroom from his canopy. He rejoices like a hero to run a race;
Psa 19:6  his going forth from the end of the heavens, and his orbit (תקופה ‘tequfah’) to their ends; and nothing is hidden from his heat.

The Latin word ‘aires,’ which means a ram, literally means to ‘spring or jump’ which is interesting to note as the sun was in the constellation of Aries (the ram) during the days of Moses when God  commanded Israel to keep guard of the month of Aviv (Deuteronomy 16:1).  It is interesting to note that the shofar mentioned above in connection with Spring is the horn of the ram.

During the days of Moses, the vernal equinox occurred while the sun was in Aries. Philo states that the vernal equinox is the first month of the year.

ON THE LIFE OF MOSES, II – Part 4*
(222) Moses puts down the beginning of the vernal equinox as the first month of the year
THE SPECIAL LAWS, I – Part 3*
XXVIII.
The vernal equinox is an imitation and representation of that beginning in accordance with which this world was created. Accordingly, every year, God reminds men of the creation of the world, and with this view puts forward the spring, in which season all plants flourish and bloom; (152) for which reason this is very correctly set down in the law as the first month, since, in a manner, it may be said to be an impression of the first beginning of all, being stamped by it as by an archetypal Seal.

The word ‘Vernal’ (as in the vernal equinox) comes from the Indo Eurpean root ‘wesr’ which means Spring.  In Latin, ‘ver’ means spring.  Vernal traces back to the Hebrew word באר ‘be’er’ which means a well or spring.  As mentioned above, the etymology of ‘Spring’ has derivatives in springs of water {מכור ‘makor’ & מעין ‘meayn’}.

Green – כרפס ‘karpas’


One of the words translated as green in the Scriptures is כרפס ‘karpas’ (Esther 1:6).

Those who have celebrated Passover with a traditional seder are familiar with this word.  It is the point of the meal where the כרפס ‘karpas’ (usually parsley) is dipped in saltwater, symbolically representing resurrection and passing through the Red Sea.  This was a picture of baptism and resurrectionPassover is celebrated in the Spring.

1Co 10:1  And I do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the Sea.
1Co 10:2  And all were baptized to Moses in the cloud, and in the Sea,
1Co 10:3  and all ate the same spiritual food.
1Co 10:4  And all drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank of the spiritual rock following, and that Rock was Christ.

One of the words for grass is לח ‘lach’ which further connects this concept of birth & resurrection.  Specifically, this is referring to fresh green grass.

This word is translated as green/moist but also as ‘natural force’ as seen in Deuteronomy 34:7.

Deu 34:7  And Moses was a son of a hundred and twenty years at his death; his eye had not become dim, nor had his natural force abated.

As seen in the study on ‘Nature,’ this natural force (לח ‘lach’) is related to the nature (φύσις ‘phusis’) of Messiah.  The Hebrew word for nature is טבע ‘teva,’ which traces back to the root word טב ‘tov’ which means good.  This links to another word translated as green/fresh  רטב ‘ratov’ which also comes from the root טב ‘tov.’


רטב  ‘ratob’ is translated as green in Job 8:16.

Job 8:16  He is moist (KJV green) before the sun, and his tender plants shoot forth on his garden.

טב ‘tov’ links to the resurrection in Job 33

Job 33:23  If there is a messenger for him, a mediator, one among a thousand, to declare for man his uprightness,
Job 33:24  then let Him be gracious to him and say, Deliver him from going down to the Pit, for I have found a ransom!
Job 33:25  His flesh shall be fresher
{רטפש ‘rutaphash} than in vigor; let him return to the days of his youth.

The word “fresher”, translated above, is from the Hebrew רטפש ‘rutaphash,’ which comes from the same root טב  ‘tov.’

Going back to the word לח ‘lach’, another fascinating connection is seen to the current study.  Those who are reborn in Messiah will be in His image.  Walking Torah Scrolls.

2Co 3:3  it having been made plain that you are Christ’s letter, served by us, not having been inscribed by ink, but by the Spirit of the living God, not in tablets of stone, but in fleshly tablets of the heart.

The word in Hebrew for tablet is לוח ‘luach’ which comes from the above word לח ‘lach’.


Exo 31:18  And when He finished speaking with him on Mount Sinai, He gave to Moses the two tablets (לוח ‘luach’) of the testimony, tablets of stone, written by the finger of God.

Grass shooting forth out of the ground is a picture of birth, as well as resurrection.  It is linked to the Word (tablets of the testimony) and is a reminder that only those born again in Messiah will have eternal life.  Those who are born of the flesh and not of the Spirit will perish (John 3:3; Mark 16:16).

Isa 40:6  A voice said, Cry! And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all its grace as the flower of the field!
Isa 40:7  The grass withers, the flower fades because the Spirit of
Jehovah blows on it. Surely the people is grass.
Isa 40:8  The grass withers; the flower fades; but the Word of our God shall rise forever.

1Pe 1:23  being regenerated, not by corruptible seed, but incorruptible, through the living Word of God, and remaining forever.
1Pe 1:24  Because “all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of men as the flower of grass; the grass was dried, and its flower fell out,
1Pe 1:25  but the Word of the Lord remains forever.” And this is the Word announced as gospel to you.
Isaiah 40:6-8
Psa 92:7  When the wicked flourish like grass, and all the evildoers blossom, it is for them to be destroyed forever.
Psa 92:8  But You, O
Jehovah, are exalted forever.

Exo 23:15 You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I have commanded you, at the set time of the month of Abib. For in it you came out from Egypt, and they shall not appear before Me empty.
Deu 16:1 Observe the month Abib, and perform the Passover to Jehovah your God. For in the month of Abib Jehovah your God brought you out of Egypt by night.
 

Here we see that אביב ‘aviv’ means something new, which continues the next generation.

אביב ‘aviv’ comes from root אב ‘av’:

Here again we see that the word אביב ‘aviv’ is tracing back to something new or fresh and something that continues. This is connected to the calendar in that Spring is the new/fresh start of the year, continuing the cycle of the years anew. Just as the word indicates. Interesting, the pictograph means a pole. In order to find the equinoxes in ancient times a pole was used.

Pages 73-74 of Pannekoek state, “The Babylonians, according to Greek testimony, used a vertical pole for measuring shadow length; thus they could determine the moments of solstice and, as medium points between the solstices, the moments of vernal and autumnal equinoxes.”

At the meridian transit of the Sun,
1. the Sun is due north or due south (depending on your location), so the shadow of a vertical pole points straight south or north. If you mark a line from the bottom of the pole that goes straight north or south, then the meridian transit occurs when the shadow of the pole falls on that line.
2. the Sun is highest in the sky, so a vertical pole casts the shortest shadow. When the shadow is shortest, then the meridian transit is there.

אביב ‘aviv’ comes from the root אב ‘av’ (Father).  אביב ‘aviv’ is referring to the next generation of the crop which came from the parent.  אביב ‘aviv’ points to the Messiah who came forth from the Father (John 8:42; 16:28) and His body that comes forth from Him (John 17:18; 20:21).

H24
אביב
‘âbı̂yb
Total KJV Occurrences: 8
abib, 6
Exo_13:4, Exo_23:15, Exo_34:18 (2), Deu_16:1 (2)
ear, 1
Exo_9:31
ears, 1
Lev_2:14

This word occurs 8 times in the Scriptures, this number points to Messiah.

Jesus in Greek = 888

888 is also equivalent to the Hebrew phrases ישועת אלהינו ‘yeshot elohaynu’ (Salvation of our God) and השמים מספרים כבוד אל ‘hashamayim misparim kavod El’ (The heavens declare the Glory of God).

The phrase “the heavens declare the Glory of God” is found in Psalm 19:1 which describes the circuit (תקופה ‘tequfah’/equinox) of the sun.

Sun – 8 – Connection

The word for 8 in Hebrew is:
This comes from the root:
The root of 8 comes from שם ‘shem’ (name/character) which is the same root as sun {שמש ‘shemesh’}. Further connecting the sun & the number eight is the word oil.  The Holy Spirit is likened to oil (1 Samuel 16:13; Zechariah 4:2-3; Revelation 4:5).  The sun moves upon the spirit/wind (Ecclesiastes 1:5-6).
רח is the root of the word רוח ‘ruach’ which means  Spirit. The sun’s cycle makes an interesting form when it moves throughout the sky during the year.  This phenomenon is known as the ‘analemma.’  If you photographed the sun once a week at the same time of day for an entire year, you would have a photo of the analemma, the sun’s apparent path on the sky over the course of a year, which looks like a figure-eight.

The Sun is moving in a continual ‘figure eight’ path.

אביב ‘aviv’ is the first month of the year in the Biblical Calendar (Exodus 12:2).  אביב ‘aviv’ happens after the sun makes it’s full revolution/circuit (תקופה ‘tequfah’) which is seen in the analemma figure above.  Hence, the new year (אביב ‘aviv’) starts when the figure eight is complete.

The sowing and harvest cycle of ancient Israel was based upon the movements of the heavenly bodies.

“The use of constellations, along with the solar cycle, coordinating the rising and the setting of the sun with a given star or group of stars was exactly the way Adam, Noah, and Abraham also times their planting and harvest seasons.”  {Wheel of the Stars – Andrew Gabriel Roth pg 61}

Philo – On Creation 1:116
(116) And the sun, the ruler of the day, making two equinoxes every year, both in spring and autumn. The spring equinox in the constellation of Aries, and the autumnal one in Libra, gives the most evident demonstration possible of the divine dignity of the number seven. For each of the equinoxes takes place in the seventh month, at which time men are expressly commanded by law to celebrate the greatest and most popular and comprehensive festivals; since it is owing to both these seasons, that all the fruits of the earth are engendered and brought to perfection; the fruit of corn, and all other things which are sown, being owing to the vernal equinox; and that of the vine, and of all the other plants which bear hard berries, of which there are great numbers, to the autumnal one.

Aviv, the Covenant, and signs/seals

When God cut the covenant with Abraham on Passover, He walked between the pieces of the sacrificed animals as a burning torch.  In ancient times when a covenant was cut, the two covenant partners walked through the halves of the split animal(s) in a ‘figure eight’.  They would lay each half to the side of each other and stand in between the two bloody halves of flesh, with their backs to each other. Then they would walk right through the bloody halves, making a figure eight, and come back to a stop facing each other.

This links back to the analemma and the sun as it was a fiery torch that passed through the pieces, or made the figure eight.  This shows that the movement of the sun through the sky is a constant reminder of the covenant.  This is seen in Jeremiah 31:31-37; 33:14-26)

Gen 15:17  And it happened, the sun had gone down, and it was dark. Behold! A smoking furnace and a torch of fire that passed between those pieces!
 
Circumcision, a sign of the covenant, is made on the 8th day (Genesis 17:11-14)

Rom 4:11  And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:

Circumcision pictures baptism & resurrection (Ezekiel 11:19-20; 36:26-27; Romans 2:29; Colossians 2:11-13)


What is the faith that Abraham had?

Gen 15:5  And He brought him outside and said, Look now at the heavens and count the stars, if you are able to count them. And He said to him, So shall your seed be.
Gen 15:6  And he believed in
Jehovah. And He counted it to him for righteousness.
 
Notice that Abraham’s faith was in the Word of God, revealed through the stars being as His Seed.

In Hebrew, Astronomy is תכונה ‘tekunah.’


תכונה ‘tekunah’ is only used one time in the Scriptures:

Job 23:3  Oh that I knew where I might find Him, I would come into His seat;


This is speaking of the Throne of God.

Keil and Delitszch commentary
If he but knew how to reach Him (God), could attain to His throne; תְּכוּנָה signifies the setting up, i.e., arrangement (Eze_43:11) or establishment (Nah_2:10) of a dwelling, and the thing itself which is set out and established, here of the place where God’s throne is established. (everywhere from כּוּן, not from תָּכַן)
The Scriptures speak of the heavens as His throne Matthew 5:34; Isaiah 66:1; Psalm 11:4.

תכונה ‘tekunah’ comes from the word כון ‘kun’ which means a foundation or something that is firm, something that is orderly.


Psa 103:19  Jehovah has prepared (כון ‘kun’) His throne in Heaven, and His kingdom rules over all.
Psa 8:3  When I look upon Your heavens, the work of Your fingers: the moon and the stars which You have fixed (כון ‘kun’);

Psa 8:4  what is man that You are mindful of him, and the son of man, that You visit him? 

תכונה ‘tekunah’ comes from the parent root:


Notice this word is associated with a seed opening and rising out of the ground.  This is a picture of the resurrection and Messiah.  The seed & the stars are linked through Israel (Genesis 15:5; 22:17; 26:4)

Messiah = Israel

Isa 49:3  And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.
Isa 49:5
And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength.

This prophecy is speaking of Messiah.  Messiah is the Servant Israel.

Isa 49:6  And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved (ונצירי ‘v’netsri’ – Netsarim/Nazarenes = followers of Messiah/Christians) of Israel.I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation (ישׁועתי ‘yeshuati’ – “my salvation”, source of the name Jesus) unto the end of the earth.

Aviv is linked with the sign/seal/mark of God

Exo 13:4  Today, in the month of Abib, you are going out.
Exo 13:5  And it shall be when
Jehovah brings you into the land of the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite, which He swore to your fathers to give to you, a land flowing with milk and honey, you shall do this service in this month.
Exo 13:6  Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day keep a feast to Jehovah.
Exo 13:7  Unleavened bread shall be eaten the seven days. And leavened bread for you shall not be seen; yea, no leaven shall be seen among you in all your boundaries.
Exo 13:8  And you shall tell your son in that day, saying, It is because of what
Jehovah did for me when I came out from Egypt.
Exo 13:9  And it shall be for a sign to you on your hand, and a memorial between your eyes, so that a Law of Jehovah may be in your mouth. For with a strong hand Jehovah brought you out from Egypt.
Exo 13:10  And you shall keep this ordinance at its appointed time, from days to days. 

It is during this month of Aviv, and in particular the 7 days of Unleavened Bread, that the firstfruits offering was offered.  This was of the barley, which too is a picture of Messiah.  The English word barley traces back to the Hebrew word בר ‘bar’ which means Son (Psalm 2:12).  The etymology of the word barley also is related to the body (ie the body of Messiah).  Barley comes from the Proto Germanic word ‘bariz’/’baraz’ which means “body, like.”

Notice also that the pictographic meaning of בר ‘bar’ is ‘family of heads.’  This is significant, in that one of the words in Hebrew for ‘firstfruit’ is ‘resheit’ which comes from ‘rosh’ which means a head.  בר ‘bar’ (son) = a family of heads or firstfruits.  This is what the Israel of God is.
Jer 2:3  Israel was holy to Jehovah, the first fruits (ראשׁית ‘reshiyt’) of His increase. All that devour him become guilty; evil shall come on them, declares Jehovah.
 
Firstfruits

Lev 23:10  Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
Lev 23:11  And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 

Going back to Exodus 13, notice that the next verses link the firstborn to Passover & Aviv

Exo 13:11  And it shall be when Jehovah brings you into the land of the Canaanite, as He swore to you and to your fathers, and gives it to you,
Exo 13:12  you shall set apart to
Jehovah every one opening the womb, and every firstling, the offspring of animals which are yours; the males areJehovah ’s.
Exo 13:13  And every firstling of an ass you shall redeem with a flock animal. And if you do not redeem, you shall break its neck. And every first-born of men among your sons you shall redeem. 

Aviv linked with the offering of firstfruits (firstborn)

Lev 2:14  And if you bring near a food offering of firstfruits to Jehovah, fresh ears (אביב ‘aviv’)
roasted with fire, grains from a garden, you shall bring near your firstfruits for a food offering.

The firstborn was given on the 8th day

Exo 22:29  You shall not delay giving the fullness of your crops and the juices of your vintage. You shall give to Me the first-born of your sons.
Exo 22:30  So you shall do to your oxen, to your sheep: it shall be seven days with its mother; on the eighth day you shall give it to Me.

 
Jesus is the Firstfruit/Firstborn

1Co 15:20  But now Christ has been raised from the dead; He became the firstfruit of those having fallen asleep.
1Co 15:21  For since death is through man, also through a Man is a resurrection of the dead;
1Co 15:22  for as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.
1Co 15:23  But each in his own order: Christ, the firstfruit; afterward those of Christ at His coming.
1Co 15:24  Then is the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God, even the Father, when He makes to cease all rule and all authority and power.
Rom 8:28  But we know that to the ones loving God all things work together for good, to those being called according to purpose;
Rom 8:29  because whom He foreknew, He also predestinated to be conformed to the image of His Son, for Him to be the First-born among many brothers.
Rom 8:30  But whom He predestinated, these He also called; and whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.
Rom 11:16  Now if the firstfruit is holy, so also the lump. And if the root is holy, so also the branches.

 
His body

Heb 12:22  But you have drawn near Mount Zion (Isaiah 2, Psalm 87) even the city of the living God, to a heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels,
Heb 12:23  and to a gathering, an assembly of the first-born ones having been enrolled in Heaven; and to God the Judge of all, and to spirits of just ones who have been perfected;
Jas 1:18  Having purposed, He brought us forth by the Word of truth, for us to be a certain firstfruit of His creatures


It is interesting to note that 144 is a Fibonacci number…Spring is strongly linked to the Fibonacci pattern & life.

Aviv (‘Spring’) in heaven

The word אביב ‘aviv’ is translated as ‘ear’ in two verses of the Scripture (Exodus 9:31; Leviticus 2:14). This word in English comes from the Old English ‘ear’ which means a ‘spike, ear of grain.’ It traces back to Greek word ‘akoste’ which means barley.

There is another interesting connection between אביב ‘aviv’ on earth and אביב ‘aviv’ in heaven in the star Spica. Spica is a Latin word which means ‘ear of grain’ and corresponds to the Greek word stakhys. This is the origin of the English word ‘spike’ which is related to the English word ‘ear’ mentioned above.

Spica is the star in the hand of the constellation Virgo and corresponds to the Hebrew word צמח ‘tsemach’ (the BRANCH Isaiah 4:2; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Zechariah 3:8; 6:12). צמח ‘tsemach’ has the meaning of a sprouting plant.

The Messiah is likened to a plant rising from the ground

Isa 11:1 And a Shoot goes out from the stump of Jesse, and a Branch will bear fruit out of his roots.
Isa 11:10 And it shall be in that day, the Root of Jesse stands as a banner of peoples; nations shall seek to Him; and His resting place shall be glory.
Isa 53:1 Who has believed our report? And to whom is the arm of Jehovah revealed?
Isa 53:2 For He comes up before Him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground. He has no form nor magnificence that we should see Him; nor form that we should desire Him.
Zec 6:12 And speak to him, saying, So says Jehovah of Hosts, saying, Behold! The Man {Yehoshua} whose name is THE BRANCH! And He shall spring up out of His place, and He shall build the temple of Jehovah.

The BRANCH is capitalized in most English versions of the Scriptures because it is a direct reference to the Messiah. The word used here is צמח ‘tsemach’ and is used 5 times in reference to the Messiah in Scripture.


Isa 4:2 In that day the Branch of Jehovah will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth for pride and for glory for the survivors of Israel.
Jer 23:5 Behold, the days come, says Jehovah, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and act wisely, and He shall do justice and righteousness in the earth.
Jer 23:6 In His days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely. And this is His name by which He shall be called, Jehovah our Righteousness.
Jer 33:15 In those days, and at that time, I will cause a Branch of Righteousness to grow up to David. And He shall do judgment and righteousness in the land.
Jer 33:16 In those days Judah shall be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell in safety. And this is the name that shall be called on her: JEHOVAH OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Zec 3:9 For, behold, I will bring forth My Servant, the BRANCH. For behold, the stone which I have given before Joshua, on the one stone are seven eyes. I will engrave its engraving, says Jehovah of Hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.

The New Testament further links the BRANCH (צמח ‘tsemach’) to the heavenly bodies.

Luk 1:78 through the tender heart of mercy of our God, in which the Dayspring from on high will visit us,
 
Robertson’s Word Pictures

The dayspring from on high (anatolē ex hupsous). Literally, rising from on high, like the rising sun or stars (Isa_60:19). The word is used also of a sprouting plant or branch (Jer_23:5; Zec_6:12)


Notice that Spica is in line with Arcturus. Arcturus is mentioned above in Job 38 (עיש ‘ayish’).

Bright star Arcturus is a harbinger of spring

“Arcturus’ appearance in the evening sky is a welcome sign in our northern climes, because it heralds the coming of the spring equinox, or first day of spring….Arcturus, like any star, rises 4 minutes earlier every day. Soon, the earlier-rising Arcturus will first beam at dusk, instead of nightfall or evening. Around the time that happens, spring will return to our northern hemisphere!”

Arcturus is the brightest star in the constellation Boötes which is speaking of the Shepherd with with a spear and sickle (Revelation 14:15-16) whose name means ‘the Coming One.’

In Job 9:9, Arcturus is linked to the constellation of Ursa Major, the bear.  The Greek word for bear is ἄρκτος ‘arktos’ which comes from the root ἀρκέω ‘arkeō’ which means to possess unfailing strength and to defend or ward off an enemy.  This is is the job of the Shepherd, who defends His sheep.

The bear is another connection to Spring as the bear is an animal that hibernates during winter and ‘resurrects’ during the Spring. The English word ‘hibernate’ comes from חרף ‘charaf’ which means winter, the time of darkness and death and a picture of the piercing of Messiah as well as the betrothal of the bride.  Hibernation is a time where animals go into their dens for 3 months and sleep until spring.  A picture of Messiah in the earth for 3 days and 3 nights where He resurrects during the Spring season and His people.

Hos 6:1  Come and let us return to Jehovah. For He has torn, and He will heal us. He has stricken, and He will bind us up.
Hos 6:2  After two days He will bring us to life. In the third day He will raise us up, and we shall live before Him.

The Greek word is ἄρκτος ‘arktos’ is used to translate four words in the Septuagint.

The first is הן ‘hon’ which means to look at or behold a thing.  Amazingly, this is a picture of looking up towards the North star which is where Ursa Minor (the little bear) resides.  Ancient man, especially shepherds would look toward the north start as a guide for direction when they journeyed.

The second word translated from ἄρκτος ‘arktos’ is כול ‘kul’ which means to sustain, nourish and guide.  This again, is pointing to the Shepherd.

The third word translated from ἄρκτος ‘arktos’ is מצא ‘matsa’ which means to find.

Eze 34:11  For so says the Lord Jehovah: Behold, I Myself will search for My sheep, and seek them out.
Eze 34:12  As a shepherd seeks his flock in the day that he is among his scattered sheep, so I will seek out My sheep and will deliver them from all the places where they were scattered in a day of cloud, and thick cloud.

The fourth word translated from is ἄρκτος ‘arktos’ is רע ‘ra’ which is the Hebrew word for a shepherd.

Another Arcturus link

Job 39:1 Do you know the time when the wild goats of the rock bear? Do you observe the calving of deer?
Job 39:2 Can you tell the months they fulfill; or do you know the time for their bearing

John Gill commentary

Job 39:2 Canst thou number the months that they fulfil?…. Which some understand both of wild goats and hinds. Common goats fulfil five months, they conceive in November, and bring forth in March, as Pliny (f) observes; but how many the wild goats of the rock fulfil is not said by him or any other I know of: the same writer says (g) of hinds, that they go eight months;
or knowest thou the time when they bring forth? naturalists (h) tell us, that the hinds conceive after the rise of the star Arcturus, which rises eleven days before the autumnal equinox; so that they conceive in September; and as they go eight months, they bring forth in April; but then the exact time to a day and hour is not known. Besides, who has fixed the time for their bringing forth, and carries them in it through so many dangers and difficulties? None but the Lord himself. Now if such common things in nature were not known perfectly by Job, how should he be able to search into and find out the causes and reasons of God’s providential dealings with men, or what is in the womb of Providence?
(f) Nat. Hist. l. 8. c. 50. (g) Ib. c. 32. (h) Ib. & l. 2. c. 47. Aristot. Hist. Animal. l. 6. c. 29. Solinus, c. 31.

The Mark of God & the Resurrection

The word mark comes from the Hebrew word תו ‘tav.’


Eze 9:3  And the glory of the God of Israel had gone on, from on the cherub where it was on it, to the threshold of the house. And He called to the man clothed in linen with the ink horn of a scribe at his loins.
Eze 9:4  And
Jehovah said to him, Pass through in the midst of the city, in the midst of Jerusalem, and mark (תוה ‘tavah’) a mark (תו ‘tav’) on the foreheads of the men who are groaning and are mourning over all the abominations that are done in her midst.

In ancient Hebrew the letter תו ‘tav’ looked just like 2 crossed sticks.

The above verse is speaking of the mark of God which is put on the righteous.  The mark of the beast is a direct counterfeit of this mark.

In the Book of Revelation it is seen that the sacred Name is marked in the foreheads of the righteous.

Rev 14:1  And I saw, and behold, the Lamb standing on Mount Zion! And with Him were a hundred and forty four thousands, with the name of His Father having been written on their foreheads.
Rev 22:4  And they will see His face; and His name will be on their foreheads.
His Name is the Word
Rev 19:13  and having been clothed in a garment which had been dipped in blood. And His name is called The Word of God.

The Hebrew letter ת ‘tav’ is a picture of two crossed sticks:

The meaning of the letter ת ‘tav’  is covenant.  The mark of God is His covenant which is His Word (Isaiah 42:6; 49:8; Zechariah 9:11; Jeremiah 31:31; Matthew 26:28).  The mark of the beast is a counterfeit, the covenant with death (Isaiah 28:15).

The root word for mark is a picture of an ox plowing toward a mark.  In ancient Hebrew thought, God was seen as the strong ox that we are yoked with in covenant relationship.  The word for mark is a picture of walking with your God toward your mark/goal (Philippians 3:14).  Walking with Messiah (Matthew 11:29) towards the Kingdom of Heaven or walking with the adversary towards hell.  This is what Paul was alluding to in his letter to the Corinthians.

2Co 6:14  Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership does righteousness have with lawlessness? And what fellowship does light have with darkness?
2Co 6:15  And what agreement does Christ have with Belial? Or what part does a believer have with an unbeliever?

2Co 6:16  And what agreement does a temple of God have with idols? For you are a temple of the living God, even as God said, “I will” dwell in them and “walk among them, and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.” Lev. 26:12; Ezek. 37:27
2Co 6:17  Because of this, “come out from among them” “and be separated,” says the Lord, “and do not touch the unclean thing,” and I will receive you. Isa. 52:11
2Co 6:18  “And I will be a Father to you, and you will be sons” and daughters to Me, says the Lord Almighty. 2 Sam. 7:8, 14; Isa. 43:6

The letter ת ‘tav’ in pictograph form is two crossed sticks which has the meaning of a covenant.  We can choose the covenant of Life in Messiah Jesus (Isaiah 42:6; 49:8; Zechariah 9:11; Jeremiah 31:31; Matthew 26:28) or we can choose the covenant of death (Isaiah 28:15) which promises deliverance from death (ie the tree of life) but in reality leads to hell.

This root is related to את & תא

This is the root for the word sign.  This is significant because the Torah is a sign on the hand and the forehead (Deuteronomy 6:8).  The mark of God is His Torah/Word.  The mark of the beast is lawlessness for the beast is the man of sin (2 Thessalonians 2:3; Psalm 130:3; Jeremiah 2:22; Job 10:14) .  Again, the mark of the beast is a direct counterfeit of God’s mark/signs.

תא is related to the word תו ‘tav’ and את ‘et’ and means a mark/boundary.

תא relates to the word תר ‘tar’ which means the ‘mark of man’ or the border/outline.

From this root we get תאר ‘ta’ar’ and תואר ‘to’ar.’  These words mean form, outline or border.  This is an important connection to see in that the mark of the beast versus the mark of God ultimately reflects whose image/form you are in.

This connection between the mark and the image/form/outline/shadow picture of the LORD versus the antichrist is further seen in that the word Torah comes from this same root.

We can have the mark of God and be in His image by walking in His Torah/Word and letting Messiah live through us (Galatians 2:20), or we can have the mark of the beast and be in the image of Satan by walking in his ‘torah’ which is lawlessness (Ephesians 2:2-3Isaiah 30:8-11; 1 Peter 2:8).

Note to the reader, the use of the word Torah does not indicate the Old Covenant and the law of Moses, this is speaking of the Word of God.  In other words, the Torah = the Entire Bible.  The Scriptures define the Prophets as the Torah (1 Corinthians 14:21) & the Psalms as Torah (John 10:34; 12:34; 15:25).  Messiah further elaborates His Word as everything that comes out of His mouth (Matthew 4:4).

The New Covenant is God’s law/Torah written upon our hearts (Jeremiah 31:31-34; Hebrews 8:8-13), His character of love (John 13:34-35; 15:10-12; 1 John 4:21; James 2:8; Romans 13:8-10; Galatians 5:14), His Spirit dwelling within us (John 14:15-18; 1 John 3:22-24), God working in us (Philippians 2:13), transforming us into the image of Jesus Christ (Hebrews 13:21; Ephesians 3:17-20; Colossians 3:10; Romans 8:29; 1 John 4:8).

We can choose the tree of life or the tree of knowledge.  The Light of the Word or the false light which is in reality darkness (Matthew 6:23).

Connection to the resurrection

Rom 1:1  Paul, a slave of Jesus Christ, a called apostle, separated to the gospel of God,
Rom 1:2  which He promised before through His prophets in the holy Scriptures,
Rom 1:3  concerning His Son who came of the seed of David according to flesh,
Rom 1:4  who was marked out the Son of God in power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection of the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord;

 

G3724
ὁρίζω
horizō
Thayer Definition:
1) to define
1a) to mark out the boundaries or limits (of any place or thing)
1b1) that which has been determined, acc. to appointment, decree
1b2) to ordain, determine, appoint
Part of Speech: verb
A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: from G3725

This connection to the horizon is seen in the equinox/’tequfah’ of the Spring which displays the image of the cross.

The meaning of this word corresponds to the Hebrew word תור ‘tor.’  It is only through the resurrection that we will be formed into His image.

1Jn 3:1  See what manner of love the Father has given us, that we may be called children of God. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him.
1Jn 3:2  Beloved, now we are the children of God, and it was not yet revealed what we shall be. But we know that if He is revealed, we shall be like Him, because we shall see Him as He is.
1Co 1:18  For the Word of the cross is foolishness to those being lost, but to us being saved, it is the power of God.

Believers look to the Word of the cross.  The Word of the covenant.  Faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the Word of God (Romans 10:17).  Not by vision, not of images & symbols (2 Corinthians 5:7).

The covenant with God is His Word which was cut with Abraham at Passover (Genesis 15) and eternally solidified at Passover when Messiah hung on the tree.  The ‘covenant’ with the adversary was ‘cut’ in Genesis 3 at the tree of knowledge of good and evil and the ‘agreement’ of ‘ye shall not die’ was passed down through the ages via the mystery religions and was represented by the image of the cross.


Tequfah & the Mark

The Hebrew word תקופה ‘tequfah’ comes from the root קף ‘qaf’ which literally means the ‘sun speaks.’  What is the message?  The Gospel.

עת


The are multiple words for time in Hebrew, the most used is עת ‘et’ which pictographically means to ‘see the cross’, and in ancient Hebrew thinking meant to ‘see the mark.’  What is this ‘mark’?  It is the sun setting (death) and rising (resurrection) above the horizon.

עת ‘et’ corresponds to the Greek word καιρός ‘kairos’ through comparing Daniel 7:25 & Revelation 12:6, 14.

In the Septuagint, καιρός ‘kairos’ is used to translate numerous words but one of which is very interesting, the word תר ‘tor’ due to its relation to the concept of ‘the mark.’


From this root we get תאר ta’ar and תואר  to’ar.  These words mean form, outline or border.


תואר ‘toar’ is from the same root תר ‘tor’ as תורה ‘torah.’

Gen 1:14  And God said, Let luminaries be in the expanse of the heavens, to divide between the day and the night. And let them be for signs {אות ‘oht’} and for seasons, and for days and years.


The signs of the heavens are a mark/reminder of the covenant with His people.

Jer 33:25  So says Jehovah, If My covenant is not with day and night, and if I have not appointed the ordinances of the heavens and earth,
Jer 33:26  then I also will reject the seed of Jacob, and My servant David, not to take of his seed to be rulers over the seed of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. For I will bring back their captivity and have pity on them.

It is God that created the constellations

Job 26:13  By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent.
Job 38:31  Can you bind the bands of the Pleiades, or loosen the cords of Orion?
Job 38:32 
Can you bring out the constellations in their season; or can you guide the Bear with its sons?
Job 38:33  Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the earth?

He has numbered & named the stars

Isa 40:26  Lift up your eyes on high and look: Who has created these? Who brings out their host by number? By greatness of vigor, and might of power, He calls them all by names; not one is lacking.

Psa 147:4  He appoints the number {מספר ‘mispar’} of the stars; He calls to them all by names.

The Hebrew word for number here is מספר ‘mispar’ from the root ספר ‘saphar’ which means a record/scroll.  Brown Driver Briggs Hebrew dictionary defines מספר ‘mispar’ as a number or tale.  A tale is an account telling a story.  This is what the number of the stars does.  It tells the story of the Gospel.

Rom 10:17  Then faith is of hearing, and hearing through the Word of God.
Rom 10:18  But I say, Did they not hear? Yes, rather, “into all the earth their voice went out, and to the ends of the world their words.”

In Romans 10, Paul is referring back to Psalm 19 which is speaking of the path of the sun and its orbit {תקופה ‘tequfah’}.

Psa 19:1  To the chief musician. A Psalm of David. The heavens are recounting the glory of God, and the expanse proclaiming His handiwork.
Psa 19:2  Day by day they pour forth speech, and night to night reveals knowledge.
Psa 19:3  There is no speech, nor are there words where their voice is not heard.
Psa 19:4  Their measuring line has gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world; in them He has set up a dwelling-place for the sun,
Psa 19:5  and he comes forth like a bridegroom from his canopy. He rejoices like a hero to run a race;
Psa 19:6  his going forth from the end of the heavens, and his orbit to their ends; and nothing is hidden from his heat.

Time is linked to the sun.

The Hebrew words used in reference to time further reveal that time is linked to the movement of the heavenly bodies.

see: Daily Tidbits 2/28 – Sun & Time

The word for hour is related to the sun

This comes from the root שע ‘sha’  ‘which is a picture of a shepherd watching over his flock.  שע ‘sha’ is also the root of the word ישועה ‘yeshuah’ which is the source of the name Jesus.

Perhaps this is why the sun god was portrayed with an ‘all seeing eye’ as well as being related to the triangle/pyramid, which is in the same shape as the ancient Hebrew letter ד ‘dalet’, which is the origin of the Greek letter Δ ‘delta.’  ד ‘dalet’ has the numerical value of 4 which relates to the 4th dimension of time, of which the sun is intimately connected.  Further connecting to the Messiah, the letter ד ‘dalet’ means a ‘door.’

Joh 10:7  Then Jesus again said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you that I am the door of the sheep.

The word for day is associated with the sun


The word for tomorrow is related to the sun


Another word relating time and the sun is  פעם ‘pa’am.’


How does the rhythmic beating of a drum relate to the sun?  The human heartbeat.

At sunrise the sky appears red


This word comes from דם ‘dam’ meaning blood.


דם ‘dam’ literally means waters from the door, as in the living waters that come forth from the Temple, or the living waters of blood that come forth from the heart.  The sun moving through the zodiac is also a picture of this.  Psalm 19 speaks of the sun following the path of the zodiac and coming forth from ‘his canopy’ representing the Temple.  A healthy heart pumps on average 72 times a minute, the sun moves a degree through the ecliptic every 72 years.  It seems that the beating of the human heart corresponds with the movement of the sun through the ecliptic.

Patterns in Nature

“The ‘circle’ traced by the earth’s axis around the north ecliptic pole is not smooth but wavy, as the moon’s gravitational pull causes the earth to ‘nod’ about once every 18 years (currently 18.6 years), a movement known as nutation. The circle therefore contains about 1440 waves, since 18 x 1440 = 25,920. Note that the average human heartbeat is equal to 72 beats a minute, and on average we breathe about 18 times a minute. 72 years (= 6+60+6 or 6×12) is said to be the ‘ideal’ lifespan of a human being, during which time the sun moves through one degree of the zodiac in the precessional cycle. A human breathes 72 times in 4 minutes, the time required for the earth to turn 1 degree on its axis. In 24 hours (86,400 seconds) we breathe 18 x 1440 = 25,920 times, equal to the number of years in the precessional cycle.”

According to the National Geographic’s ‘Incredible Human Machine’ it takes 72 muscles for man to speak.  The Hebrew word for time, עת ‘et,’ means to see the mark.  What is the mark?  It is when the sun rises directly east (קדם ‘qedem’ “sun of blood”) at the time of the תקופה ‘tequphah’ which literally means the ‘sun speaks.’

 

According to Ecclesiastes 1:5-6, the sun moves upon the wind/spirit again linking to the blood which flows through the human body and the living waters which flow forth from the throne of God.

Blood/DNA is further linked to the sun through the equinoxes (תקופות ‘tequfot’).  The word for ‘equinox’ in Hebrew is תקופה ‘tequfah.’  It literally means the mark of the sun.  At the Spring תקופה ‘tequfah’ the sun is at 23 degrees in the Tropic of Cancer.  At the Autumn תקופה ‘tequfah’  the sun is at 23 degrees in the Tropic of Capricorn.  23 +23 = 46.  46 is the number of chromosomes in the human body that stores our DNA.  The chromosome is also in the shape of a cross/ת ‘tav.’

Chromosomes are in the shape of an x or cross.  The male carries the X and Y chromosome, the female carries only the X.  The letter X is the Hebrew letter ת ‘tav’ which means a covenant or mark.  The letter Y is the Hebrew letter ו ‘vav.’  תו ‘tav’ is the Hebrew word for mark.

 

As mentioned before, the word for ‘equinox’ in Hebrew is תקופה ‘tequfah’ which has the following pictograph meaning.  The cross (ת) reveals (ה) the sun on the horizon (קוף).  The letter ק ‘qof’ spelled קוף in Hebrew is pictographically displayed as the sun rising on the horizon.  So then the word תקופה ‘tequfah’ has embedded within itself the point of the equinox.  It is at the cross of the horizon which is exactly East.  As the sun moves through its course in the sky it will rise directly East at the spring and fall equinoxes, making a cross in the sky each year.

The Hebrew word for time further displays this “cross” imagery as the Hebrew word for time which is עת ‘et.’ Pictographically עת ‘et’ means to see ע the cross ת.

As mentioned before, the movement of the sun throughout the year is a ‘macrocosm’ of the daily movement of the sun.  This daily and yearly movement of the sun portrays the “Word of the Cross” (1 Corinthians 1:18).  The morning rising of the sun which corresponds with Spring portrays the birth and re-birth of the Messiah from the dead.  The mid-day sun which corresponds with Summer portrays the lifting up of the Messiah on the cross (John 3:14; 12:32) and later His exaltation (Philippians 2:7-9).  The setting of the sun corresponds with Autumn in which the light of the world (John 9:4-5; 11:9) fades away into darkness which is displayed by nighttime and Winter portraying the Savior’s death.

אביב ‘aviv’ comes from the root אב (Father).  Aviv is referring to the next generation of the crop which came from the parent.  Aviv points to the Messiah who came forth from the Father (John 8:42; 16:28) and His body that comes forth from Him (John 17:18; 20:21).

Firstfruits



Today, firstfruits is celebrated through Easter in the resurrection of the Messiah, however this shadow picture was already rehearsed for over a thousand years by the wave sheaf offering the day after the sabbath during the week of Passover/Unleavened Bread.

Lev 23:10  Speak to the sons of Israel, and you shall say to them, When you come in to the land which I am giving to you, and have reaped its harvest, and have brought in the sheaf, or the beginning of your harvest, to the priest,
Lev 23:11  then he shall wave the sheaf before Jehovah for your acceptance; on the morrow of the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
Lev 23:12  And you shall prepare a lamb in the day you wave the sheaf, one without blemish, a son of a year, for a burnt offering to Jehovah.
Lev 23:13  And its food offering shall be two tenths part of flour mixed with oil, a fire offering to Jehovah, a sweet fragrance; and its drink offering, a fourth of a hin of wine.
Lev 23:14  And you shall not eat bread, nor roasted grain, nor fresh ears, until this same day, until you have brought the offering of your God; it is a never ending statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

Wave Sheaf Offering

Ronald Dart of Christian Education Ministries noted that there was a Jewish/Christian observance on the Sunday after the Passover crucifixion:

“On the evening after the Sabbath was over, the very first sheaf of grain of the early harvest was cut from the ground. It was prepared that night by threshing the barley from the chaff and then parching it over a fire. The next morning, the priest lifted an omer of the grain to God as the presentation of the firstfruits of the harvest. Now, compare this to Christian theology of the resurrection.

But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming (1 Corinthians 15:20-23).

It is clear enough that, in referring to “Christ the firstfruits, Paul is referring directly to that first sheaf offered on the morning after the Sabbath by the priest. His wording leaves no room for doubt. James will refer to this as well: “Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures” (James 1:18). What we see here is Christ as the first of the firstfruits in the resurrection, with the remainder of the firstfruits to follow at his coming.

So this particular Sunday was important to both Jews and Christians. To Jews, it was the day of the offering of the firstfruits, the first day of the seven weeks to the Feast of Firstfruits. To Christians, it was the morning of Jesus’ presentation to the Father and of his first appearances to his disciples after his resurrection from the dead. And it was the first day of the seven weeks to Pentecost.

For the first Christians, the symbolism of the Jewish observance was seen to point directly to Christ. The connection was clear and strong from the start. The early church had not adopted a calendar different from that of the Jewish majority in the first century, the calendar was crucial, because it defined the time of observance of the feasts. There is not a word in the New Testament to suggest any change from the Jewish observance…so the comparison between liturgy and events was, to them, even more apparent.

Now consider this carefully. This Sunday was celebrated early on as the day of Christ’s first appearances after his resurrection. It was an anniversary that appeared on the Jewish calendar on the first Sunday after Passover every year. As explained in the last chapter, every place in the New Testament where you see the expression “The first day of the week” it is referring, not to a Sunday, but to a singular day of the year. The first day of the seven Sabbaths or weeks leading up to Pentecost. It is an annual, not a weekly observance. It was, for want of a better term, “wave sheaf Sunday” (Ronald Dart From Passover to Easter. April 12, 2006).

Deu 16:9  You shall number to yourself seven weeks. When the sickle begins to reap in the standing grain, you shall begin to number seven weeks.
Deu 16:10  And you shall keep the Feast of Weeks to Jehovah your God according to the measure of the freewill offering of your hand, which you shall give according as Jehovah your God blesses you.
1Co 15:20  But now Christ has been raised from the dead; He became the firstfruit of those having fallen asleep.
1Co 15:21  For since death is through man, also through a Man is a resurrection of the dead;
1Co 15:22  for as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.
1Co 15:23  But each in his own order: Christ, the firstfruit; afterward those of Christ at His coming.
Lev 23:10  Speak to the sons of Israel, and you shall say to them, When you come in to the land which I am giving to you, and have reaped its harvest, and have brought in the sheaf, or the beginning of your harvest, to the priest,
Lev 23:11  then he shall wave the sheaf before Jehovah for your acceptance; on the morrow of the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
Lev 23:12  And you shall prepare a lamb in the day you wave the sheaf, one without blemish, a son of a year, for a burnt offering to Jehovah.
Lev 23:13  And its food offering shall be two tenths part of flour mixed with oil, a fire offering to Jehovah, a sweet fragrance; and its drink offering, a fourth of a hin of wine.
Lev 23:14  And you shall not eat bread, nor roasted grain, nor fresh ears, until this same day, until you have brought the offering of your God; it is a never ending statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
Lev 23:15  And you shall number to you from the next day after the sabbath, from the day you bring in the sheaf of the wave offering; they shall be seven complete sabbaths;
Lev 23:16  the next day after the seventh sabbath, you shall number fifty days; and you shall bring near a new food offering to Jehovah;
Lev 23:17  you shall bring in bread out of your dwellings for a wave offering, two loaves; they shall be of two tenth ephah of flour; they shall be baked with leaven; firstfruits to Jehovah.
Lev 23:18  And besides the bread, you shall offer seven lambs, without blemish, sons of a year, and one bull, a son of the herd, and two rams; they are a burnt offering to Jehovah, with their food offering and their drink offerings, a fire offering of soothing fragrance to Jehovah.
Lev 23:19  And you shall offer one he-goat for a sin offering, and two lambs, sons of a year, for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
Lev 23:20  And the priest shall wave them, besides the bread of the firstfruits, a wave offering before Jehovah, besides the two lambs; they are holy to Jehovah for the priest.
Lev 23:21  And you shall make a proclamation on this same day; it is a holy gathering to you. You shall do no work of service. It is a never ending statute in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

According to the Talmud, Menachot 10:4, after the wave sheaf was reaped the priests would parch it with fire and beat it with reeds and stems of the plants so that the grains would not be crushed.  Here is a picture of the sufferings of Messiah (Isaiah 53) who was beaten and ‘parched with fire’ yet without a bone being broken (John 19:36).

Firstfruits – Firstborn

In Hebrew, the firstfruits and the first born are the same, from the word בכר ‘bakar’ which means the choicest one.

Exo 13:12  you shall set apart to Jehovah every one opening the womb, and every firstling, the offspring of animals which are yours; the males are Jehovah‘s.
Exo 13:13  And every firstling of an ass you shall redeem with a flock animal. And if you do not redeem, you shall break its neck. And every first-born of men among your sons you shall redeem.
Exo 13:14  And it shall be when your son asks you in the future, saying, What is this? You shall say to him, Jehovah brought us out from Egypt by the might of His hand, from the house of slaves.
Exo 13:15  And it happened when Pharaoh hardened himself against sending us away, Jehovah  killed every first-born one in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of men even to the first-born of animals. On account of this I sacrifice to Jehovah every one of the males opening the womb, and I redeem every first-born of my sons.
Exo 13:16  And it shall be for a sign on your hand, and frontlets between your eyes. For Jehovah  brought us out from Egypt by the might of His hand.

The 1st born had to have No blemishes

Deu 15:19  The firstling males that are born of your herd and of your flock, you shall sanctify to Jehovah your God. You shall do no work with the firstling of your ox, nor shear the firstling of your flock.
Deu 15:20  You shall eat it before Jehovah your God year by year in the place which Jehovah shall choose, you and your household.
Deu 15:21  And if there is any blemish in it, lameness, or blindness, or any evil blemish whatever, you shall not sacrifice it to Jehovah your God.

Jesus had no blemishes

Col 1:18  And He is the Head of the body, the assembly, who is the Beginning, the First-born out of the dead, that He be preeminent in all things;
1Pe 1:18  knowing that not with corruptible things, silver or gold, were you redeemed from your worthless way of life handed down from your fathers,
1Pe 1:19  but with precious blood of Christ, as a lamb without blemish and without spot,

We are without blemish in Him

Jud 1:24  Now to Him being able to keep you without stumbling, and to set you before His glory without blemish, with unspeakable joy;
Rom 8:29  because whom He foreknew, He also predestinated to be conformed to the image of His Son, for Him to be the First-born among many brothers.

1st born connected w/ passing over (Ivrim)

Exo 13:12  you shall set apart (עבר ‘avar’ pass over) to Jehovah every one opening the womb, and every firstling, the offspring of animals which are yours; the males are Jehovah‘s.

Israel is the “beginning” ראשׁית ‘reshiyt’
 
Jer 2:3  Israel was holy to Jehovah, the first fruits {ראשׁית ‘reshiyt’}  of His increase. All that devour him become guilty; evil shall come on them, declares Jehovah.
Isa 63:19  We are of old ( מעולם ‘me’olam’); You never ruled over them. Your name was never called on them.
Rev 17:8  The beast which you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss, and goes to perdition. And those dwelling on the earth will marvel, the ones whose names have not been written on the Book of Life from the foundation of the world, seeing the beast, that it was a thing, and is not, yet now is.
Mat 25:34  Then the King will say to those on His right, Come, the blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
Eph 1:4  even as He elected us in Him before the foundation of the world, for us to be holy and without blemish before Him in love,
Tit 1:1  Paul, a slave of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ according to the faith of the elect of God and full knowledge of the truth according to godliness,
Tit 1:2  on hope of eternal life which the God who does not lie promised before the eternal times,
Tit 1:3  but revealed in its own times in a proclamation of His Word, with which I was entrusted by the command of our Savior God;
1Pe 1:17  And if you call on the Father, the One judging according to the work of each one without respect of faces pass the time of your sojourning in fear,
1Pe 1:18  knowing that not with corruptible things, silver or gold, were you redeemed from your worthless way of life handed down from your fathers,
1Pe 1:19  but with precious blood of Christ, as a lamb without blemish and without spot,
1Pe 1:20  indeed having been foreknown before the foundation of the world, but revealed in the last times because of you,
1Pe 1:21  the ones believing in God through Him, He raising Him from the dead, and giving glory to Him so that your faith and hope may be in God.

The resurrection

1Co 15:20  But now Christ has been raised from the dead; He became the firstfruit of those having fallen asleep.
1Co 15:21  For since death is through man, also through a Man is a resurrection of the dead;
1Co 15:22  for as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.
1Co 15:23  But each in his own order: Christ, the firstfruit; afterward those of Christ at His coming.
1Co 15:24  Then is the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God, even the Father, when He makes to cease all rule and all authority and power.
Rom 8:28  But we know that to the ones loving God all things work together for good, to those being called according to purpose;
Rom 8:29  because whom He foreknew, He also predestinated to be conformed to the image of His Son, for Him to be the First-born among many brothers.
Rom 8:30  But whom He predestinated, these He also called; and whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.
Rom 11:16  Now if the firstfruit is holy, so also the lump. And if the root is holy, so also the branches.

RESURRECTED BELIEVERS

Heb 12:22  But you have drawn near Mount Zion (Isaiah 2, Psalm 87) even the city of the living God, to a heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels,
Heb 12:23  and to a gathering, an assembly of the first-born ones having been enrolled in Heaven; and to God the Judge of all, and to spirits of just ones who have been perfected;
Jas 1:18  Having purposed, He brought us forth by the Word of truth, for us to be a certain firstfruit of His creatures.
Jer 2:3  Israel was holy to Jehovah, the firstfruits of His increase. All that devour him become guilty; evil shall come on them, declares Jehovah.

144,000… again recall that 144 is a Fibonacci number.

Rev 14:3  And they sing as a new song before the throne, and before the four living creatures and the elders. And no one was able to learn the song except the hundred and forty four thousands, those having been redeemed from the earth.
Rev 14:4  These are the ones who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins. These are the ones following the Lamb wherever He may go. These were redeemed from among men as a firstfruit to God and to the Lamb.

The 1st resurrection

Rev 20:4  And I saw thrones, and they sat on them. And judgment was given to them, and the souls of the ones having been beheaded because of the witness of Jesus, and because of the Word of God, and who had not worshiped the beast nor its image, and had not received the mark on their forehead and on their hand. And they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.
Rev 20:5  But the rest of the dead did not live again until the thousand years were ended. This is the first resurrection.
Rev 20:6  Blessed and holy is the one having part in the first resurrection. The second death has no authority over these, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with Him a thousand years.

The seed that the LORD has blessed

Isa 65:22  They shall not build, and another live in them; they shall not plant, and another eat. For like the days of the tree are the days of My people; and My elect shall grow old to the work of their hands.
Isa 65:23  They shall not labor in vain, nor bring forth for terror. For they are the seed of the beloved ones of Jehovah, and their offspring with them.
Rom 11:16  Now if the firstfruit is holy, so also the lump. And if the root is holy, so also the branches.
Isa 6:13  But yet a tenth shall be in it, and it shall return and be consumed like the terebinth and like the oak that in being felled yet has its stump (the holy seed is its stump).

The Priesthood originally was the 1stborn

Exo 4:22  And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn:
Jer 2:3  Israel was holiness unto the LORD, and the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.
Exo 13:2  Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine.
Exo 24:4  And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
Exo 24:5  And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD.
Then transferred to the Levites
Num 3:12  And I, behold, I have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the firstborn that openeth the matrix among the children of Israel: therefore the Levites shall be mine;
Num 3:13  Because all the firstborn are mine; for on the day that I smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt I hallowed unto me all the firstborn in Israel, both man and beast: mine shall they be: I am the LORD.
Num 3:41  And thou shalt take the Levites for me (I am the LORD) instead of all the firstborn among the children of Israel; and the cattle of the Levites instead of all the firstlings among the cattle of the children of Israel.
Num 18:6  And I, behold, I have taken your brethren the Levites from among the children of Israel: to you they are given as a gift for the LORD, to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.
 
Transferred back to the 1st born/Melchizedek priesthood

Isa 61:6  But you shall be called, Priests of Jehovah; it will be said of you, Ministers of our God. You shall eat the wealth of the nations, and you shall revel in their glory.
Isa 61:9  And their seed shall be known among the nations, and their offspring among the peoples; all who see them shall acknowledge them, that they are the seed that Jehovah has blessed.
Isa 61:10  Rejoicing I will rejoice in Jehovah. My soul shall be joyful in my God. For He clothed me with garments of salvation; He put on me the robe of righteousness, even as a bridegroom dons as a priest his head-dress, and as a bride wears her ornaments.
Isa 61:9  And their seed shall be known among the nations, and their offspring among the peoples; all who see them shall acknowledge them, that they are the seed that Jehovah has blessed.
Isa 61:10  Rejoicing I will rejoice in Jehovah. My soul shall be joyful in my God. For He clothed me with garments of salvation; He put on me the robe of righteousness, even as a bridegroom dons as a priest his head-dress, and as a bride wears her ornaments.

Priests covered in the garments of Salvation (ישועה ‘yeshuah’ – source of the name Jesus)

Psa 132:9  Let Your priests be clothed with righteousness, and let Your saints shout for joy.
Psa 132:16  And I will clothe her priests with salvation; and her saints shall surely shout.
Rev 6:10  And they cried with a great voice, saying, Until when, holy and true Master, do You not judge and take vengeance for our blood, from those dwelling on the earth?
Rev 6:11  And there was given to each one a white robe. And it was said to them that they should rest yet a little time, until might be fulfilled also the number of their fellow-slaves and their brothers, those being about to be killed, even as they.
Rev 7:9  After these things I saw, and behold, a great crowd which no one was able to number them, out of every nation, even tribes and peoples and tongues, standing in front of the throne, and before the Lamb, having been clothed with white robes, and in their hands palm branches.
Rev 7:13  And one of the elders answered, saying to me, These, the ones having been clothed in the white robes, who are they, and from where did they come?
Rev 7:14  And I said to him, Sir, you know. And he said to me, These are those coming out of the great tribulation; and they washed their robes and whitened them in the blood of the Lamb.
Rev 7:15  Because of this they are before the throne of God, and serve Him day and night in His sanctuary. And He sitting on the throne will spread His tabernacle over them.
Rev 7:16  And they will not hunger still, nor will they thirst still, nor at all shall fall on them the sun, nor any kind of heat.
Rev 7:17  Because the Lamb in the midst of the throne will shepherd them, and will lead them on living springs of waters; and God will wipe off every tear from their eyes.
Rev 19:6  And I heard as a sound of a numerous crowd, and as a sound of many waters, and as a sound of strong thunders, saying, Hallelujah! Because the Lord God Almighty reigned.
Rev 19:7  Let us rejoice and let us exult, and we will give glory to Him, because the marriage of the Lamb came, and His wife prepared herself.
Rev 19:8  And it was given to her that she be clothed in fine linen, pure and bright; for the fine linen is the righteousness of the saints.
Rev 19:9  And he says to me, Write: Blessed are the ones having been called to the supper of the marriage of the Lamb. And he says to me, These Words of God are true.
Rev 1:5  even from Jesus Christ the Faithful Witness, the First-born out of the dead, and the Ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him loving us and washing us from our sins by His blood,
Rev 1:6  and made us kings and priests to God, even His Father. To Him is the glory and the might forever and ever. Amen.
Rev 5:9  And they sing a new song, saying, Worthy are You to receive the scroll, and to open its seals, because You were slain, and by Your blood purchased us to God out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation,
Rev 5:10  and made us kings and priests to our God; and we shall reign over the earth.
Rev 20:6  Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.

Israel to be kings and priests

Exo 19:5  Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine:
1Pe 2:5  Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

1st born=1st fruit

Deu 21:17  But he shall acknowledge the first-born, the son of the hated one, by giving him a double portion of all that he has; for he is the firstfruit of his strength, the right of the first-born is his.
Exo 4:22  And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn:
Jer 2:3  Israel was holiness unto the LORD, and the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.
Exo 13:2  Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine.
Exo 24:4  And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
Exo 24:5  And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD.
Num 3:12  And I, behold, I have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the firstborn that openeth the matrix among the children of Israel: therefore the Levites shall be mine;
Jas 1:18  Having purposed, He brought us forth by the Word of truth, for us to be a certain firstfruit of His creatures.
Jer 2:3  Israel was holy to Jehovah, the firstfruits (ראשׁית) of His increase. All that devour him become guilty; evil shall come on them, declares Jehovah.
Amo 6:1  Woe to those at ease in Zion, and those trusting in the mountain of Samaria, those noted as the leader (ראשׁית ‘reshiyt’) of the nations! And the house of Israel came to them.
Rev 14:3  And they sing as a new song before the throne, and before the four living creatures and the elders. And no one was able to learn the song except the hundred and forty four thousands, those having been redeemed from the earth.
Rev 14:4  These are the ones who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins. These are the ones following the Lamb wherever He may go. These were redeemed from among men as a firstfruit to God and to the Lamb.

The other aspect of the sabbath is redemption (Deuteronomy 5:15).  What is the counterfeit?  A false redemption of mankind through the mark of the beast.  In Hebrew the word for redemption is פדת ‘padut’ which means to bring back to an original state.


פד ‘pad’ means to bring back to an original state.  When the letter ת ‘tav’ is added it means that redemption comes through the cross/covenant of Messiah Jesus.

This is what redemption is, to bring back man to the state of Adam before he fell.  This can only be done through Messiah Jesus who is the tree of life.

Redemption of the 1st born…pointing back to Passover and especially referring to Messiah Jesus.  At the time of the end when the mark of the beast is instituted, at the same time the mark of God will be in the foreheads of the 144,000 who are the firstfruits/firstborn.

Exo 13:15  And it happened when Pharaoh hardened himself against sending us away, Jehovah killed every first-born one in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of men even to the first-born of animals. On account of this I sacrifice to Jehovah every one of the males opening the womb, and I redeem every first-born of my sons.
Exo 13:16  And it shall be for a sign on your hand, and frontlets between your eyes. For
Jehovah brought us out from Egypt by the might of His hand.

Rev 14:1  And I saw, and behold, the Lamb standing on Mount Zion! And with Him were a hundred and forty four thousands, with the name of His Father having been written on their foreheads.
Rev 22:4  And they will see His face; and His name will be on their foreheads.

 
His Name is the Word

Rev 19:13  and having been clothed in a garment which had been dipped in blood. And His name is called The Word of God. 

We are marked by the Name/Word/Jesus

Rev 7:3  Do not harm the earth, nor the sea, nor the trees, until we seal the slaves of our God on their foreheads.
Rev 7:4  And I heard the number of those having been sealed: one hundred forty four thousands, having been sealed out of every tribe of the sons of Israel:
Rev 14:1  And I saw, and behold, the Lamb standing on Mount Zion! And with Him were a hundred and forty four thousands, with the name of His Father having been written on their foreheads.
Rev 14:2  And I heard a sound out of Heaven, as a sound of many waters, and as a sound of great thunder. Also I heard a sound of harpers harping on their harps.
Rev 14:3  And they sing as a new song before the throne, and before the four living creatures and the elders. And no one was able to learn the song except the hundred and forty four thousands, those having been redeemed from the earth.
Rev 14:4  These are the ones who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins. These are the ones following the Lamb wherever He may go. These were redeemed from among men as a firstfruit to God and to the Lamb.
Rev 14:5  And no guile was found in their mouth, for they are without blemish before the throne of God.

Exodus 8:23 Distinction=redemption=sign=ephod=mark of God?

Exo 8:23  And I will put redemption (KJV distinction) between My people and your people. This miracle shall be for tomorrow.
 

Brought back to an original state.  A sinless state.  Like the Last Adam (1 Corinthians 15:45).

1Jn 3:1  See what manner of love the Father has given us, that we may be called children of God. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him.
1Jn 3:2  Beloved, now we are the children of God, and it was not yet revealed what we shall be. But we know that if He is revealed, we shall be like Him, because we shall see Him as He is.

We shall be in His image.  The seed of the serpent will be in his image.  This is what the mark of the beast is.  The Sons of God (Romans 8) will be clothed in the garments of righteousness and salvation (ישועה ‘yeshuah’).  The seed of the serpent will be clothed in the garments of the serpent.

The 144,00 are the firstborn, the priests…redeemed from the earth.

The “distinction” is seen in the end

Mal 3:16  Then those fearing Jehovah spoke together, each man to his neighbor. And Jehovah gave attention and heard. And a Book of Remembrance was written before Him for those who feared Jehovah, and for those esteeming His name.
Mal 3:17  And they shall be Mine, says
Jehovah of Hosts, for the day that I will make up My treasure. And I will pity them as a man has pity on his son who serves him.
Mal 3:18  Then you shall again see the difference between the righteous and the wicked, between him who serves God and him who does not serve Him.


Nisan

Nisan (Nehemiah 2:1; Esther 3:7)
H5212
ניסן
nı̂ysân
BDB Definition:
Nisan = “their flight”
1) the 1st month of the Jewish calendar corresponding to March or April
Part of Speech: noun proper
A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: probably of foreign origin

ניסן ‘nisan’ comes from the root נס ‘nes’ which means a flag or banner, literally speaking of the pole raised up.



Nisan comes from the Akkadian word ‘nisanu’ which was the first month in the Babylonian calendar.  ‘Nisanu’ comes from the Sumerian word ‘nisag’ which means “first fruits” or “head, top, first.”

Here we see that ניסן ‘nisan’ is of similar meaning to aviv, the first fruits and the pole that holds up the tent.

Messiah Jesus is the “flag” or “banner” that we flee to for refuge.

God is our Flag/banner
Exo 17:15  And Moses built an altar. And he called its name, Jehovah My Banner.

Jesus is our Banner
Isa 11:10  And it shall be in that day, the Root of Jesse stands as a banner of peoples; nations shall seek to Him; and His resting place shall be glory.

Government from Heaven
Isa 9:6  For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isa 9:7  Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

Phi 3:20  For our conversation{πολίτευμα ‘politeuma’ a community, that is, (abstractly) citizenship} is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ
Psa 20:5  We will rejoice (רנן ‘ranan’ shout for joy, sing, triumph) in thy salvation (ישׁוּעה ‘yeshu‛ah’), and in the name of our Elohim we will set up our banner (דּגל ‘dagal’ raise a flag, conspicuously)
Ps 60:4: “Thou hast given a banner to them that fear thee, that it may be displayed (נוּס ‘nus ‘lift up a standard) because of the truth. Selah.”
Isa 11:10  And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

In Isaiah 11:10-12 we see a flag/banner (Messiah) that shall stand to which the nations seek after; He sets His hand a second time to recover the remnant of His people.

Serpent on a pole

Num 21:8  And Jehovah spoke to Moses, Make yourself a fiery serpent, and set it on a pole; and it shall be that when anyone is bitten, when he sees it, he shall live.

The word for pole here is נס ‘nes’ which is also translated as flag/banner.


Messiah on the tree is a picture of the Menorah, the Light of the World.

Above the head of Messiah, in acronym form, was the name יהוה ‘Yahweh.’

Joh 8:28  Then Jesus said to them, When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I AM; and from Myself I do nothing; but as My Father taught Me, these things I speak.


Joh 19:19  And Pilate also wrote a title and put it on the cross. And having been written, it was: JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
Joh 12:32  And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, I will draw all to Myself (John 8:28 Messiah states this is how they will know He is ‘I AM’).

The Scriptures speak of the crucifixion being on a tree

Act 5:30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom you seized, hanging Him on a tree.
Act 10:39 And we are witnesses of all things which He did, both in the country of the Jews, and in Jerusalem. They did away with Him, hanging Him on a tree.
Act 13:29 And when they finished all the things having been written concerning Him, taking Him down from the tree, they laid Him in a tomb.
Gal 3:13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us; for it has been written, “Cursed is everyone having been hung on a tree;”
Deut. 21:23
1Pe 2:24 who “Himself carried up in His body our sins” onto the tree; that dying to sins, we might live to righteousness, of whom “by His wound you were healed.”


Jesus was crucified in the midst of two thieves

Joh 19:18 where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, on this side and on that side, and Jesus in the middle.

Traditionally this is the image that is portrayed of the crucifixion.

But if this were the case the following Scripture would make no sense.

Joh 19:31 Then, since it was Preparation, that the bodies not remain on the cross on the sabbath, for great was the day of that sabbath, the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and they be taken away.
Joh 19:32 Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other crucified with Him.
Joh 19:33 But on coming to Jesus, when they saw He was dead already, they did not break His legs.

Why would the soldiers break the legs of the 1st and 3rd person and then go to Jesus last? If they were all crucified on one tree this would make perfect sense as they would make a circle starting from the 1st thief and working around to the Messiah.  If Messiah and the two thieves were crucified on a single tree then the image that would have been formed would have been a menorah.

Another hint of this is seen in the following verse:

Joh 19:31  Then, since it was Preparation, that the bodies not remain on the cross on the sabbath, for great was the day of that sabbath, the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and they be taken away.

Notice it says bodies (plural) should not remain on the cross (singular).  The text seems to indicate that all 3 bodies were on a single ‘cross’ which in Greek would be σταυρός ‘stauros.’

“Since we are told by the apostle John (who was an eyewitness to the crucifixion) that all three were crucified on ONE stauros (i.e. a single tree), it is easy to see how the Roman soldiers broke the legs of the robber in the Messiah’s right side (who had his back to the Messiah and was located on the northeast side of him) and then they broke the legs of the robber on the Messiah’s left side (who also had his back to the Messiah but was located on the southeast side of him). So, proceeding from the northeast side of the tree of crucifixion, the soldiers killed the first robber, went to the southeast side and killed the second robber, but they then came to the Messiah who was facing (let us say) westward towards his Father’s Temple. When they reached Yeshua they found him dead already.” (Secrets of Golgotha – Ernest Martin pg 176-177).

Tree of Life

The verses that speak of Messiah being crucified on a tree use the word ξύλον ‘xulon’ for tree.  This is the same word used for tree of life in the New Testament.

Rev 22:2  In the midst of its street and of the river, from here and from there, was a tree of life producing twelve fruits: according to one month each yielding its fruit. And the leaves of the tree were for healing of the nations.
Rev 22:14  Blessed are the ones doing His commands, that their authority will be over the Tree of Life, and by the gates they may enter into the city.

As mentioned above, the Menorah is a picture of the Tree of Life.

Nisan & War

2Sa 11:1  And it came to pass, after the year was expired {תּשׁוּבה ‘teshubah’}, at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem.

John Gill commentary
at the time when kings go forth to battle; in the month Nisan, as the Targum on 1Ch_20:1; adds, the same with Abib, which was the first month of the year, Exo_12:2, a fit time to go out to war; when, as the Jewish commentators observe, the rains were over, and there were grass in the fields, and fruit on the trees, and corn ripe, and so food for horse and men. This month was called Nisan, as some think (d), from נסים, the military banners then erected; so by the Romans it is called Martius, and by us March, from Mars, the god of war;

The month of March comes from the Old French word ‘marz’ which traces back to the Latin ‘Martius’ meaning the month of Mars.  Mars was the ‘god’ of war.  The verb ‘march’ means to walk in stride, as in soldiers of war, tracing back to the Latin word ‘marcus’ which means a hammer.  This is related to the Hebrew word פעם ‘pa`am’ speaking of repetition, as in the sound of a marching troop.


As mentioned in a study on the sun & time, this word is associated with the human heartbeat, linking man with time.

War began in the beginning, when man reached out his hand and partook of the tree of knowledge of good and evil.  The word ‘Martis’ (March) is related to the Latin word ‘mas’ which means a male.  Here is another connection between man and war, which began in the beginning.

The War is over through the resurrection in Messiah.  His people become the Sons of God through Him.

Gal 4:4  But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
Gal 4:5  To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.
Gal 4:6  And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
Gal 4:7  Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.

Warfare & bread

Gen 3:19 By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread until your return to the ground. For you have been taken out of it; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.

Bread is linked to warfare

War is over through the resurrection in Messiah

Job 14:14 If a man dies, will he revive? All the days of my warfare I will wait, until my change comes. Isa 40:2 Speak lovingly to the heart of Jerusalem; yea, cry to her that her warfare is done, that her iniquity is pardoned; for she has taken from the hand of Jehovah double for all her sins.

He gives us the bread that comes without toil

Rev 2:17 The one who has an ear, hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies. To the one overcoming, I will give him to eat from the hidden manna. And I will give to him a white stone, and on the stone a new name having been written, which no one knows except the one receiving it.
Joh 6:48 I am the Bread of life.
Joh 6:49 Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness and died.
Joh 6:50 This is the Bread coming down out of Heaven, that anyone may eat of it and not die.
Joh 6:51 I am the Living Bread that came down from Heaven. If anyone eats of this Bread, he will live forever. And indeed the bread which I will give is My flesh, which I will give for the life of the world. 

The battle between His people and the dragon is illustrated in the book of Jonah.  Jonah overcame the great fish through the resurrection after 3 days.

Jon 1:17 And Jehovah had appointed a great fish to swallow Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.

The belly of the great fish is likened unto hell


Jon 2:1  And Jonah prayed to Jehovah his God out of the belly of the fish.
Jon 2:2  And he said, I cried out to Jehovah from my distress. And He answered me. Out of the belly of Sheol I cried for help, and You heard my voice.

Jonah was a picture of Messiah (Matthew 12:39), and also His body.

Heb 2:14  Since, then, the children have partaken of flesh and blood, in like manner He Himself also shared the same things, that through death He might cause to cease the one having the power of death, that is, the devil;
Hos 6:1 Come and let us return to Jehovah. For He has torn, and He will heal us. He has stricken, and He will bind us up.
Hos 6:2 After two days He will bring us to life. In the third day He will raise us up, and we shall live before Him.

March is the 3rd month on the Gregorian calendar, reminding us of this war and the victory in Messiah.


The month of March further links to the redemption and end of warfare through Messiah in the saying ‘in like a lion, out like a lamb.’   This ‘idiom’ comes from a book called “Gnomologia” by a man named Thomas Fuller.  It comes from the concept of March usually being cold and dark, but by the end of the month begins to warm up and get lighter.  This is due to the coming of Spring and the renewal of life from the darkness of winter.

Related Studies:

Shadows of Messiah – Spring

Biblical Calendar

History

Astronomy


Shadows of Messiah book 3b

blessing 4

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