Shadows of Messiah – Summer

Shadows of Messiah - Summer



The word summer traces back to the Hebrew word שמש ‘shemesh’ which means the sun.  This is the time of year when the sun shines in its strength.  The summer solstice connects to this concept of shining as the origin of the word ‘solstice’ is צהל ‘tsahal’ which means to shine (Psalm 104:15).  This points to Messiah as He is depicted shining as the sun in its strength in the book of Revelation.


Rev 1:16  And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength.
Rev 1:17  And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:
Rev 1:18  I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.



After John saw Messiah in His Glory, Jesus described Himself as the first and the last (Revelation 1:11).  The most common Hebrew word for summer is קיץ ‘qayits’ which literally means the end, as the summer is the end of the spring harvest.  The summer solstice is also connected to this idea as the sun ends its path to the north and begins to return to the south where it will stop at the winter solstice and return again to the north.


In this passage of the book of Revelation, Jesus continues by speaking of His resurrection and holding the keys of hell and death (Revelation 1:18).  This theme is also connected with ‘summer’ through the word שכם ‘sheckem’ which literally means shoulder, but also means to rise early with the sun, placing a load on the shoulders in order to depart on a journey or begin work.  This concept is further seen in the “summer beam” which is used as a weight bearing support in the architecture of a house.


Gen 22:3  And Abraham started up early {שכם ‘sheckem’} in the morning and saddled his ass, and he took two of his youths with him, and his son Isaac. And he split wood for a burnt offering, and rose up and went to the place which God had said to him.

Rev 22:16  I, Jesus, sent My angel to testify these things to you over the assemblies. I am the Root and Offspring of David, the bright and morning Star.

Rev 3:7  And to the angel of the assembly in Philadelphia, write: These things says the Holy One, the True One, the One having “the key of David,” “the One opening, and no one shuts; and shuts, and no one opens:” Isa. 22:22

Isa 22:22  And the key of the house of David I will lay on his shoulder, so that he opens, and no one shuts; and he shuts, and no one opens.

The English word ‘clavicle’ or ‘collarbone’ comes from the Latin word ‘clavicula’ which means a key.  In the days of Messiah, keys were shaped like the modern day letter F.



F is the 6th letter in the English alphabet corresponding to the Hebrew letter ו ‘vav’. ו ‘vav’ is the nail.

Isa 22:22  And the key of the house of David I will lay on his shoulder, so that he opens, and no one shuts; and he shuts, and no one opens.

Isa 22:23  And I will drive him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a throne of glory to his father’s house.

The muscle that hangs off of the clavicle is the deltoid.


The deltoid is called so because it is in the shape of the Greek letter Δ ‘delta’ (triangle).  The Greek letter Δ ’delta’ comes from the Hebrew letter ד ‘dalet’ which means a door.

The clavicle points to the key to the house of David.  דוד ‘david’ in Hebrew is 2 ד ד ‘dalets’ and 1 ו ‘vav.’  2 ‘deltoids’ (shoulders) and a nail/key (clavicle).


The English word shoulder comes from the Hebrew word סבל ‘saval’ which means to bear a burden.  This too points to Messiah.


Mat 11:29  Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, because I am meek and lowly in heart, “and you will find rest to your souls.” Jer. 6:16

Mat 11:30  For My yoke is easy, and My burden is light.

The word for yoke in Matthew 11:29-30 is ζυγός ‘zugos’ which is used to translate multiple words in Hebrew.  One is סבל ‘saval’ mentioned above.  ζυγός ‘zugos’ is also used to translate שכם ‘shekhem’ which means shoulder.  In Matthew 11:29-30, ζυγός is referring to a yoke that a beast of burden carries while plowing a field.  In Hebrew this is the word על  ‘al.’  על ‘al’ also means to rise up, such as in the smoke of a burnt offering (Genesis 22:2).


Yet another Hebrew word which is associated with the summer is עליה ‘alyah’ which means to ascend or an upper room or chamber as the top of the house used to be used in ancient times to escape the hot days of summer.  עליה ‘alyah’ comes from the root word על ‘al.’  Pictographically this word means to “see the shepherd.”  The connection to the sun and the shepherd will be discussed later.


The sun is a shadow picture pointing to Messiah.


The sun, שמש ‘shemesh’, comes from the root word שם ‘shem’ which means ‘name.’  His Name = His Word (Revelation 19:13).  As the sun moves through it courses, it teaches the Gospel.



In the Scriptures, the sun is likened to The LORD Jesus.


Mal 4:2  But to you who fear My name, the Sun of Righteousness shall rise up, and healing will be on His wings. And you shall go out and frisk like calves of the stall.

Psa 84:11  For Jehovah God is a sun and shield; Jehovah will give grace and glory; He will withhold nothing good from those who walk in integrity.


Psa 19:4  Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,

Psa 19:5  Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.


Mat 9:15  And Jesus said to them, Can the sons of the bridechamber mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? But the days will come when the bridegroom will have been taken from them, and then they will fast.


Isa 9:2  The people who walk in darkness have seen a great light. The ones who dwell in the land of the shadow of death, light has shone on them.


Isa 49:6  And He said, It is too little that You should be My servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved ones of Israel; I will also give You for a light of the nations, that You may be My salvation to the end of the earth.


Isa 60:1  Arise, shine; for your light has come, and the glory of Jehovah has risen on you!

Isa 60:2  For behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the peoples. But Jehovah shall rise on you, and His glory shall be seen on you.

Isa 60:3  And nations shall walk to your light, and kings to the brightness of your dawning.


Joh 8:12  Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, I am the Light of the world. The one following Me will in no way walk in the darkness, but will have the light of life.


The sun is the greater light {מאור ‘ma’or’} which rules the day.  Messiah applies this to Himself.


Joh 11:9  Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble because he sees the light of the world.


Joh 12:35  Then Jesus said to them, Yet a little while the Light is with you. Walk while you have the Light, that darkness not overtake you. And the one walking in the darkness does not know where he is going.

Joh 12:36  While you have the Light, believe into the Light, that you may become sons of Light. Jesus spoke these things, and going away He was hidden from them.


Joh 9:4  It behooves Me to work the works of Him who sent Me while it is day. Night comes when no one is able to work.

Joh 9:5  While I am in the world, I am the Light of the world.


There are 12 hours in the day (John 11:9) which again points to the body of Messiah, ie the 12 tribes.  The Hebrew word for hour is שעה ‘sha’ah’ which comes from the watching of the arch of the sun to determine the hour.



Interestingly, שעה ‘sh’ah’ (hour) is a cognate of ישועה ‘yeshuah’ (salvation – source of the name Jesus).  Both words come from the root שע ‘sha’ which refers to a shepherd watching over his flock.


The word שע ‘sha’ is referring to the shepherd watching over His flock.  This relates to another Hebrew word ען ‘ahn’:


This is why the sun god is portrayed with an ‘all seeing eye’ as well as being related to the triangle/pyramid, which is in the same shape as the ancient Hebrew letter ד ‘dalet,’ which is the origin of the Greek letter Δ ‘delta’ mentioned earlier.  ד ‘dalet’ has the numerical value of 4 which relates to the 4th dimension of time, of which the sun is intimately connected.  Further connecting to the Messiah, the letter ד ‘dalet’ means a ‘door.’


Joh 10:7  Then Jesus again said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you that I am the door of the sheep.

The are multiple words for time in Hebrew, the most used is עת ‘et’ which pictographically means to ‘see the cross’, and in ancient Hebrew thinking meant to ‘see the mark.’  What is this ‘mark’?  It is the sun setting (death) and rising (resurrection) above the horizon.



More on קף ‘qaf’ and it’s relation to time below.


עת ‘et’ corresponds to the Greek word καιρός ‘kairos’ through comparing Daniel 7:25 & Revelation 12:6, 14.


In the Septuagint, καιρός ‘kairos’ is used to translate numerous words but one of which is very interesting.  The word תר ‘tor’ due to its relation to the concept of ‘the mark.’


From this root we get תאר ta’ar and תואר  to’ar.  These words mean form, outline or border.


תואר ‘toar’ is from the same root תר ‘tor’ as תורה ‘torah.’



The connection between the sun and His Name/Image is further seen in the Aaronic Benediction.


Num 6:25  The LORD make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee:
Num 6:26  The LORD lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace.


Jesus is the face/presence/countenance of the Father.


Psa 42:5  O my soul, why are you cast down and moan within me? Hope in God, for I shall yet thank Him for the salvation of His presence.


Psa 42:5 (42:6) מה־תשׁתוחחי נפשׁי ותהמי עלי הוחילי לאלהים כי־עוד אודנו ישׁועות פניו׃


Literally “the ישועה ‘yeshuah’ of His Face”


Psa 44:3  For they did not inherit the land with their own sword; yea, their own arm did not save them. But it was Your right hand and Your arm and the light of Your face, because You favored them.

Heb 1:3  Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

2Co 4:4  In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

Col 1:12  giving thanks to the Father, who has made us fit for a share of the inheritance of the saints in light,
Col 1:13  who delivered us out of the authority of darkness, and translated us into the kingdom of the Son of His love,
Col 1:14  in whom we have redemption through His blood, the remission of sins;
Col 1:15  who is the image of the invisible God, the First-born of all creation.
Col 1:16  For all things were created in Him, the things in the heavens, and the things on the earth, the visible and the invisible; whether thrones, or lordships, or rulers, or authorities, all things have been created through Him and for Him.
Col 1:17  And He is before all things, and all things have subsisted in Him.
Col 1:18  And He is the Head of the body, the assembly, who is the Beginning, the First-born out of the dead, that He be preeminent in all things;
Col 1:19  because all the fullness was pleased to dwell in Him,
Col 1:20  and through Him making peace by the blood of His cross, to reconcile all things to Himself; through Him, whether the things on the earth, or the things in the heavens.


The shining of God’s face/presence is associated with Him arising (as the sun rises to its highest point at the summer solstice), showing Himself and saving His people.


Psa 94:1  O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew {יפע ‘yâpha‛ – shine} thyself.
Psa 94:2  Lift up thyself, thou judge of the earth: render a reward to the proud.

Psa_80:1  To the chief Musician upon Shoshannimeduth, A Psalm of Asaph. Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine {יפע ‘yâpha‛} forth.
Psa_80:3  Turn us again, O God, and cause thy face to shine
{יפע ‘yâpha‛}; and we shall be saved.
Psa_80:7  Turn us again, O God of hosts, and cause thy face to shine
{יפע ‘yâpha‛}; and we shall be saved.
Psa_80:19  Turn us again, O LORD God of hosts, cause thy face to shine
{יפע ‘yâpha‛}; and we shall be saved.
Psa 50:1  A Psalm of Asaph. The mighty God, even the LORD, hath spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof.
Psa 50:2  Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God hath shined
{יפע ‘yâpha‛}


The word קיץ ‘qayits’ (summer) further connects to the resurrection as קיץ ‘qayits’ comes from the root word קץ ‘qets’ which means a border or extremity as in the horizon.  קץ ‘qets’ also can have the meaning of infinity (Job 22:5), as in the extremity of time.  It is through the resurrection of Messiah, in which we are born again in His image, that believers can enter this state of infinity where they will shine as the sun.


Dan 12:2  And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.
Dan 12:3  And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.

Mat 13:37  He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man;
Mat 13:38  The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one;
Mat 13:39  The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.
Mat 13:40  As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world.
Mat 13:41  The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity;
Mat 13:42  And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
Mat 13:43  Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.

The horizon is associated with the resurrection and being marked with the Name of God.


Rom 1:1  Paul, a slave of Jesus Christ, a called apostle, separated to the gospel of God,
Rom 1:2  which He promised before through His prophets in the holy Scriptures,
Rom 1:3  concerning His Son who came of the seed of David according to flesh,
Rom 1:4  who was marked out
{ὁρίζω ‘horizō’} the Son of God in power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection of the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord;


Thayer Definition:
1) to define
1a) to mark out the boundaries or limits (of any place or thing)
1b1) that which has been determined, acc. to appointment, decree
1b2) to ordain, determine, appoint
Part of Speech: verb
A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: from G3725


The meaning of this word corresponds to the Hebrew word תר ‘tor’ mentioned above.  It is only through the resurrection that we will be formed into His image.


1Jn 3:1  See what manner of love the Father has given us, that we may be called children of God. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him.
1Jn 3:2  Beloved, now we are the children of God, and it was not yet revealed what we shall be. But we know that if He is revealed, we shall be like Him, because we shall see Him as He is.


At the resurrection (twinkling of an eye) we shall be changed into His image.


1Co 15:51  Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,
1Co 15:52  In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.


This concept of “change” is yet another connection to summer as the word ‘summer’ also traces back to the Hebrew word שנה ‘shanah’ which means to change or repeat as in the cycle of the sun during the year.


The sun, the eye, and the Son are all linked through the English etymology of the word ‘sun’.


The English proper noun sun developed from Old English ‘sunne’ (around 725, attested in Beowulf), and may be related to south (more on this below on the section on directions). Cognates to English ‘sun’ appear in other Germanic languages, including Old Frisian ‘sunne,’ ‘sonne’ (“sun”), Old Saxon ‘sunna,’ Middle Dutch ‘sonne,’ modern Dutch ‘zon,’ Old High German ‘sunna,’ modern German ‘Sonne,’ Old Norse ‘sunna,’ and Gothic ‘sunnō.’ All Germanic terms for the Sun stem from Proto-Germanic *’sunnōn.’


The word ‘sun’ also traces back to the Latin word ‘sol.’



The English word ‘son’ has similar etymological roots to ‘sun’.  Interestingly, it traces back the Old Irish meaning to give birth, as has been discussed above in connection with the blinking of the eye, awakening and the rising of the sun in the morning.




The sun is further connected to the eye through the Hebrew word for the eyelashes.



Each blink/twinkling (1 Corinthians 15:52) of our eyes is a picture of the resurrection where we are gathered together to our Lord.  The root of the word עפעף ‘aphaph’ is עף ‘aph’ which is a picture of a bird covering its chicks with its wings (Deuteronomy 32:10-11; Psalm 91:1-9).  Each day when the sun rises it is a picture of the resurrection as well (Malachi 4:2). In Hebrew the word for dawn is שחר ‘shachar’ from the root שח ‘shach’ which means the pit.  When the sun sets it is a picture of death/going into the pit, when it arises it is a picture of resurrection.  When man awakens, his eyes are opened from darkness and sleep which is a picture of death (Job 14:13-15; Daniel 12:2-3; John 11:11-14) .

1Co 15:52  In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
1Co 15:53  For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.


The word ‘twinkling’ here is from the Greek:


Thayer Definition:
1) a throw, stroke, beat
2) a moment of time

This word is used in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew word שחק ‘shachaq’ which means to beat/pound/pulverize to powder (Genesis 3:19) and comes from the root שק ‘shaq’ which means the ‘pit’.  שק ‘shaq’ is the root of the word שקר ‘shaqar’ which means the ‘dawn’.  Again, the imagery of the blinking/twinkling of the eyes showing the picture of the resurrection of the dead.


The 2nd coming of Messiah and the resurrection of the dead is pictured by the rising of the sun each morning.


Psa 110:3  Your people shall have willingness in the day of Your might; in the majesties of holiness; from the womb of the dawn, to You is the dew of Your youth.

Psa 30:4  Sing praises to Jehovah, O saints of His; and give thanks to the memory of His holiness.
Psa 30:5  For His anger is only a moment; in His favor is life. Weeping may endure in the evening
(Tribulation period), but joy comes in the morning (2nd coming & resurrection).


Two eyes (2 births), first the natural & then the spiritual.  The Hebrew word for blink is פתע ‘patah’ from the root פת ‘pat’.



The root word comes from פת ‘pat’ which is the word for a woman’s privy.  This links to the first birth, blinking/awakening (picture of resurrection) is linked to the 2nd birth.


Another amazing link to the 2nd birth/birth of the manchild of Revelation 12 is seen Isaiah 8.



Isa 8:18  Behold, I and the children (Messiah & His Body) whom Jehovah has given to me are for signs and wonders (מופת ‘mophat’) in Israel from Jehovah of Hosts, who dwells in Mount Zion.

As seen in the study ‘Shadows of Messiah – Geology’, the earth is a picture of the body of Messiah which is likened to an eyeball.


Israel is a people & a land which God looks upon at all times which is a microcosm of all the earth.


“The world is like a human eyeball.  The white of the eye is the ocean surrounding the world, the iris is the continent, The pupil is Jerusalem, And the image in the pupil is the Holy Temple.”  {Talmud – Derech Eretz Zuta 9}


Deu 11:11  But the land, whither ye go to possess it, is a land of hills and valleys, and drinketh water of the rain of heaven:
Deu 11:12  A land which the LORD thy God careth for: the eyes of the LORD thy God are always upon it, from the beginning of the year even unto the end of the year.

Rev 5:6  And I saw, and behold, in the midst of the throne, and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, was a Lamb standing, as having been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, having been sent out into all the earth.

Each time we blink (עפעף ‘aphaph’ – from עף ‘aph,’ shadow of His wings) it is a picture of being overshadowed by the Most High, where the tears renew the eye, this is a picture of baptism and being born again.  This concept is further seen in the Psalms where the resurrection is connected with renewed sight.


Psa 17:15  As for me, in righteousness I will look upon Your face; when I awaken, I shall be satisfied by Your image.


Sun, 8, Resurrection

The word for 8 in Hebrew is:



This comes from the root:




The root of 8 comes from שם ‘shem’ (name/character) which is the same root as sun שמש ‘shemesh.’

Further connecting the sun & the number eight is the word oil.  The Holy Spirit is likened to oil (1Samuel 16:13; Zechariah 4:2-3; Revelation 4:5).  The sun moves upon the spirit/wind (Ecclesiastes 1:5-6)


רח ‘rach’ is the root of the word רוח ‘ruach’, the Spirit.

The sun’s cycle makes an interesting form when it moves throughout the sky during the year.  This phenomenon is known as the ‘analemma.’  If you photographed the sun once a week at the same time of day for an entire year, you would have a photo of the analemma, the sun’s apparent path on the sky over the course of a year, which looks like a figure-eight.



The Sun is moving in a continual ‘figure eight’ path.  This is the origin of the infinity symbol, which can be rendered קץ ‘qets’ in Hebrew (the root of קיץ ‘qayits’ “summer”).



The Covenant


When God cut the covenant with Abraham on Passover, He walked between the pieces of the sacrificed animals as a burning torch.  In ancient times when a covenant was cut, the two covenant partners walked through the halves of the split animal(s) in a ‘figure eight’.  They would lay each half to the side of each other and stand in between the two bloody halves of flesh, with their backs to each other. Then they would walk right through the bloody halves, making a figure eight, and come back to a stop facing each other.


Gen 15:17  And it happened, the sun had gone down, and it was dark. Behold! A smoking furnace and a torch of fire that passed between those pieces!

His covenant is His Mark.  The word mark comes from the Hebrew word תו ‘tav.’



Eze 9:4  And Jehovah said to him, Pass through in the midst of the city, in the midst of Jerusalem, and mark (תוה ‘tavah’) a mark (תו ‘tav’) on the foreheads of the men who are groaning and are mourning over all the abominations that are done in her midst.

The root word for mark is a picture of an ox plowing toward a mark.  In ancient Hebrew thought, God was seen as the strong ox that we are yoked with in covenant relationship.  The word for mark is a picture of walking with your God toward your mark/goal (Philippians 3:14).  Walking with Messiah (Mat 11:29) towards the Kingdom of Heaven or walking with the adversary towards hell.  This is what Paul was alluding to in his letter to the Corinthians.


2Co 6:14  Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership does righteousness have with lawlessness? And what fellowship does light have with darkness?
2Co 6:15  And what agreement does Christ have with Belial? Or what part does a believer have with an unbeliever?

2Co 6:16  And what agreement does a temple of God have with idols? For you are a temple of the living God, even as God said, “I will” dwell in them and “walk among them, and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.” Lev. 26:12; Ezek. 37:27

2Co 6:17  Because of this, “come out from among them” “and be separated,” says the Lord, “and do not touch the unclean thing,” and I will receive you. Isa. 52:11

2Co 6:18  “And I will be a Father to you, and you will be sons” and daughters to Me, says the Lord Almighty. 2 Sam. 7:8, 14; Isa. 43:6


The letter ת ‘tav’ in pictograph form is two crossed sticks which has the meaning of a covenant.  We can choose the covenant of Life in Messiah Jesus (Isaiah 42:6; 49:8; Zechariah 9:11; Jeremiah 31:31; Matthew 26:28) or we can choose the covenant of death (Isaiah 28:15) which promises deliverance from death (ie the tree of life) but in reality leads to hell.


The sun makes a cross in the sky, or mark, as it traverses the sky each year.



As the sun moves through its course in the sky it will rise directly East at the spring and fall equinoxes, making a cross in the sky each year.


The number 8 points to the Sun of Righteousness



Shadows of Messiah book 3





Daily Tidbits 12/27/11 – The Sun

Daily Tidbits 2/28 – Sun & Time

Daily Tidbits 4/12 – Resurrection

Daily Tidbits 4/7 – The Mark of God

Shadows of Messiah – Spring

Shadows of Messiah – Autumn

Shadows of Messiah – Winter

Shadows of Messiah book 3b

blessing 4



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *