Shadows of Messiah – Clock Chimes

Shadows of Messiah - Clock Chimes



The most widely spread clock chime, of which most are familiar, is known as the Cambridge Chimes or Cambridge Quarters as the tune was originally designed for Great St. Mary’s Church of Cambridge.  The tune is also called the Westminster Chimes as it was adopted for use at the Clock Tower, also known as Big Ben, in London.  The tune is also know as Jowett’s Jig as Joseph Jowett, the Regius Professor of Civil Law at Cambridge, was given the job of composing the tune for St. Mary’s Church.  This tune, which has spread throughout the world, is a fascinating shadow picture of Messiah, the Son of God.


The use today of the Cambridge chimes in clocks became ‘universal’ because of the usage of this tune at the Clock Tower in London, known as Big Ben.  This is appropriate as all the clocks in the world point back to London as ‘Universal time’ (UTC – Coordinated Universal Time) is based upon Greenwich Mean Time based in the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.  Ben comes from the Hebrew word בן ‘ben’ which means a son.  This points to THE Son, Jesus Christ (Mark 1:1; John 1:34; 20:31).


According to Isaac Mozeson, the English word ‘big’ traces back to the Hebrew word בגר ‘bogar’ which means ‘grown up’ and is related to the word בּכור ‘bikkur’ which means firstborn.  Here then in Big Ben is seen The Firstborn Son.  This is significant as the Cambridge Chimes were based upon this very concept.


The Great Bell was nicknamed ‘Big Ben’ after Benjamin Hall who oversaw the installation of the bell in the Clock Tower.


Benjamin is a Hebrew name which means son of the right hand, which points to Messiah Jesus (Psalm 118:14-16; Isaiah 48:13; Acts 5:31 etc.).


Hall comes from the Middle English word ‘heall’ which means a ‘spacious residence.’  This too points to the Son of God.


Heb 3:6  But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.


In 2012, the Clock Tower was renamed Elizabeth Tower in honor of Queen Elizabeth’s Diamond Jubilee.  Elizabeth means ‘oath of God.’  God’s Oath/Promise is equated with His Word (Psalm 105:42; Luke 1:72-73).


The ‘notional words’ of the chimes in Elizabeth Tower is the phrase:

“All through this hour/Lord be my guide/And by Thy power/No foot shall slide”.


This phrase is inscribed on a plaque on the wall of the clock room and is based upon Psalm 37:23-24.  This Psalm speaks of God being in control of the goings/events (history) of man.


Psa 37:23  The steps of a good man are ordered by the LORD: and he delighteth in his way.

Psa 37:24  Though he fall, he shall not be utterly cast down: for the LORD upholdeth him with his hand.


As mentioned before, the tune was originally designed for Great St. Mary’s Church of Cambridge.  Rev. Joseph Jowett was assisted in composing the tune by Dr. John Randall, the Professor of Music at Cambridge and undergraduate William Crotch.  The chime was based upon the fifth and sixth measures in Handel’s “I know that my Redeemer liveth” from the composition Messiah.


The lyrics “I know that my Redeemer liveth” are as follows:


I know that my Redeemer liveth, and that He shall stand at the latter day upon the earth.


And though worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God.


For now is Christ risen from the dead, the first-fruits of them that sleep.



The portion adopted for the Cambridge Chimes of “I know that my Redeemer liveth” is as follows:




“For now is Christ risen, for now is Christ risen from the dead.”



Every hour, and in some places every quarter hour, this proclamation is sounded in veiled form:


“For now is Christ risen, for now is Christ risen from the dead.”


This phrase comes from 1 Corinthians 15:20, which speaks of the resurrection of the dead and victory over sin and death through Messiah Jesus.  This is the theme of this shadow picture of Messiah embedded within countless clocks on the earth today.


Messiah Jesus is the Good Shepherd who gave His life that His sheep might live with Him.  Jesus associates His role as the Good Shepherd with His death and resurrection.


Joh 10:7  Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.

Joh 10:9  I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.

Joh 10:11  I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.

Joh 10:14  I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.

Joh 10:15  As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

Joh 10:16  And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.

Joh 10:17  Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.

Joh 10:18  No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.


On the cross, the Scriptures mark significant occurrences on the 3rd (Mark 15:25), 6th (Matthew 27:45) and 9th hours (Matthew 27:46).  These were the ‘quarter’ marks of the day, which is divided up into 12 (John 11:9).  This is a ‘macro’ scale of the quarter hours on the clock when the Cambridge chimes ring forth.  Interestingly, the first mechanical clocks were made in the 13th century to ring out the ‘Canonical Hours’ of prayer, which occurred at the 3rd, 6th, and 9th hours of the day.  The word clock actually derives from the Medieval Latin word ‘clocca’ which means bell, as in the bells rung to mark the hours of prayer.


Messiah spoke of the day having 12 hours (John 11:9), which is only ‘technically’ true at the Spring and Autumnal equinoxes.  The Equinoxes/Tequfahs depict in the sky into the image of the cross.  The year, which is divided into 12 months, is further divided into quarters (seasons).


As the sun moves through its course in the sky it will rise directly East at the spring and fall equinoxes, making a cross in the sky each year.  The word for ‘equinox’ in Hebrew is תקופה ‘tequfah’ which has the following pictograph meaning.  The cross (ת) reveals (ה) the sun on the horizon (קוף).  The letter ק ‘qof’ spelled קוף in Hebrew is pictographically displayed as the sun rising on the horizon.  So then the word תקופה ‘tequfah’ has embedded within itself the point of the equinox.  It is at the cross of the horizon which is exactly East.  As the sun moves through its course in the sky it will rise directly East at the spring and fall equinoxes, making a cross in the sky each year.



The Hebrew word for hour is שעה ‘sha’ah’ which is a cognate of the word ישועה ‘yeshuah’ which means salvation.  ישועה ‘yeshuah’ is the source of the name Jesus.  The name Jesus comes from the Hebrew יהושׁע or  יהושׁוּע ‘Yehoshua’ or Yahushua’ .  The shortened form in Hebrew is ישׁוּע ‘Yeshua’ or ‘Yahshua.’  Both שעה ‘sha’ah,’ which means hour and ישועה ‘yeshuah,’ which means salvation come from the root word שע which pictures a shepherd tending to his flock.



Quarter Hour


Scripture declares that the heavens were measured by a span (Isaiah 40:12).


Isa 40:12  He who has measured in His hand the waters and the heavens by a span meted out; and enclosed in the measure the dust of the earth, and weighed in the balance the mountains, and the hills in the scales,


The Hebrew word translated as ‘span’ literally means the spreading out of the hand for the use of measuring.


The hand has been used for thousands of years to measure degrees in the heavens/expanse.  Each person’s hand will measure the same distances when the arm is stretched out, no matter how large your hand, or what your age.


You can tell how long until the sun will set by measuring its distance from the horizon. The sun moves about 15 degrees across the sky in an hour. Moving 15 degrees an hour for 24 hours would equal 360 degrees, or a full day from sunset to sunset.  This measuring of the hours points us to Messiah who describes Himself as the Light of the world (John 8:12; 9:5; 12:46).



Joh 11:9  Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble because he sees the light of the world.


Messiah is the light of the world, the Right Hand of the Father.


Isa 48:13  Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.

 Joh 8:12  Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.

 Joh 9:5  As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.

Psa 118:14  The LORD is my strength and song, and is become my salvation.

Psa 118:15  The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the tabernacles of the righteous: the right hand of the LORD doeth valiantly.

Psa 118:16  The right hand of the LORD is exalted: the right hand of the LORD doeth valiantly.

Act 5:31  Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.


The Hebrew word ידי ‘yadi,’ which means “my hand,” is equivalent to the number 24, the number of hours in a day.  Yet another connection to the hand and time is the ‘hour hand’ of the clock.  When the first mechanical clocks were made to ring bells signifying the hours of prayer, the hour ‘hand’ was first introduced.


Isa 40:10  Behold, the Lord Jehovah will come with strength, and His arm {Isaiah 53 – His Arm is the Lamb} rules for Him. Behold, His reward is with Him, and His wage before Him.


Clock ‘hands’ move ‘clockwise’ in imitation of sundials which have a gnomon which casts a shadow marking the time that moves in a ‘clockwise’ direction. The word ‘gnomon’ is a Greek/Latin word which means ‘one who discerns’ from the word γνῶσις ‘gnosis’ which means to know or knowledge.  It is interesting to note that the knowledge of the Most High is linked to the Messiah and light in the Scriptures.


2Co_4:6  For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

Luk 1:77  To give knowledge of salvation unto his people by the remission of their sins,

Luk 1:78  Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,

Luk 1:79  To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.


Knowing the Father and the Son is associated with resurrection life.


1Pe 1:23  Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.

Joh 17:3  And this is everlasting life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom You have sent.

1Jn 5:20  And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.


The Hebrew words for ‘know’ and ‘knowledge are ידע ‘yada’ דעת ‘da’at,’ both of which come from the root word דע ‘dah.’  דע ‘dah’ literally means to ‘see the door.’  Recall that Messiah speaks of Himself as the ‘door’ in the portion of Scripture in which He describes Himself as the Good Shepherd (John 10:7-18).


Messiah is the Good Shepherd of Israel (which consists of 12 tribes…depicted on the clock by 12 hours) (Psalm 95:7; 100:1-5; 74:1-2; 78:51-52; 79:13).  In Revelation 21, the city of the saints, the bride of Messiah is divided into 12 sections, foursquare (quartered).


Rev 21:2  And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Rev 21:3  And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

Rev 21:9  And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb’s wife.

Rev 21:10  And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,

Rev 21:11  Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

Rev 21:12  And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel:

Rev 21:13  On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates.

Rev 21:14  And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

Rev 21:15  And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.

Rev 21:16  And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal.

Rev 21:17  And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel.

Rev 21:18  And the building of the wall of it was of jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass.

Rev 21:19  And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;

Rev 21:20  The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.

Rev 21:21  And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass.

Rev 21:22  And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.

Rev 21:23  And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.

Rev 21:24  And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.

Rev 21:25  And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there.

Rev 21:26  And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it.

Rev 21:27  And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb’s book of life.


The redeemed will eat from the Tree of Life, which will give 12 fruits.

Rev 22:2  In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.


The reward of the Shepherd (Isaiah 40:10).

Rev 22:12  And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.

Rev 22:13  I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.

Rev 22:14  Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.


The sun moves through the sky 15 degrees every hour.  That is 180 degrees per day (12 hours) and 180 degrees per night (12 hours).



In Hebrew, the word פנים ‘paniym,’ which means face, is equivalent to the number 180.  This is significant as the front of a clock is known as the face.


Jesus, the Right Hand of the Lord is the Face/פנים ‘paniym’ of God.

Psa 44:3  For they did not inherit the land with their own sword; yea, their own arm did not save them. But it was Your right hand and Your arm and the light of Your face, because You favored them.

Psa 42:5  O my soul, why are you cast down and moan within me? Hope in God, for I shall yet thank Him for the salvation of His presence
{ישׁועות פניו ‘yeshuot panahv’ – salvation of His Face}.


Psa 42:5  (42:6) מה־תשׁתוחחי נפשׁי ותהמי עלי הוחילי לאלהים כי־עוד אודנו ישׁועות פניו׃


Heb 1:1  God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,

Heb 1:2  Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

Heb 1:3  Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;


The ‘technical’ name of a clock’s face is a ‘dial,’ tracing back to the sundial and the dial of a compass.  The compass is a constant reminder of the cross and resurrection of Messiah as the compass rose displays the image of the cross.



It is believed the word ‘dial’ traces back to the Medieval Latin word ‘dialis’ which means daily from the Latin word ‘dies’ which means day.



Isaac Mozeson traces the etymology of the word ‘dial’ to the Hebrew word טוב ‘tov’ which means good.  Scripture declares that only God is truly good (Matthew 19:17; Mark 10:18; Luke 18:19), who causes the sun to rise upon the evil and good (Matthew 5:45).  Messiah is the Good Shepherd (Psalm 23:1; 80:1; 95:6-9; Isaiah 40:9-11; John 10:11-18), the ‘goodness’ of God (Exodus 33:17-23).  The connections between the God, His goodness and Messiah are seen in more detail in the study on the etymology of the word God.


The Hebrew word טוב ‘tov’ also has the meaning of favor or grace (1 Samuel 2:26; Hosea 14:2).  Jesus is the Grace of God (Romans 5:15; Ephesians 2:8; 1 Corinthians 1:4) that brings salvation, ישועה ‘yeshuah’ (Titus 2:11).  Recall that this word ישועה ‘yeshuah’ is speaking of the protection or deliverance of a shepherd.  Messiah, the Good Shepherd, watches over a flock of 12 tribes.  The Hebrew word most commonly translated as grace is חן ‘chen’ which means a camp, depicted by the 12 tribes in the wilderness.



The 12 hours on the clock face/dial are a daily reminder of the salvation and grace of God which comes through His Son Jesus.  The chimes which ring out every 15 minutes on the numbers 3, 6, and 9 remind us of the 3rd, 6th and 9th hours which were the hours of prayer in Biblical times and point us to the cross, as mentioned before (Mark 15:25; Matthew 27:45-46).  The clock itself came about as a result of these hours of prayer.


The Cambridge Quarters ring out on the numbers 3, 6 & 9 a total of 72 times in a day.  The sun moves through the ecliptic 1 degree every 72 years, more on this below..  Interestingly, the word בנך ‘beneckha’ (your son) has the numerical equivalent of 72.  This word בנך ‘beneckha’ is used in reference to Isaac in Genesis 22, which is a picture of the crucifixion of Messiah.  In light of this fact, it is fascinating that Big Ben (בן ‘Ben’ means Son) rings the Cambridge chimes on the numbers 3, 6, & 9… 72 times per day.


The number 5 is strongly associated with grace in the Scriptures.  The Hebrew word for five is חמש ‘chamesh’ which is the picture of a hand.  The fifth letter of the Hebrew alphabet is ה ‘heh’ which is a picture of a man with outstretched hands, as in the Messiah on the cross.  This grace, hand, cross connection is seen in more detail in the study:


Messiah in the Torah – Genesis 1:20-23 (Day 5)


The numerical value of the word grace (חן ‘chen’) is 58 which is equivalent to the Hebrew phrase ‘in His blood.’


Lev 17:11  For the life of the flesh is in the blood {בדם הוא ‘b’dam hu’}, and I have given it to you on the altar, to atone for your souls; for it is the blood which makes atonement for the soul.


בדם הוא ‘b’dam hu’…literally in His blood.  This phrase = 58


in his blood


It is only through faith in the blood of the Lamb that we can find His grace.  It is through the blood of the Lamb of God that we enter into covenant with the Most High and are brought into the camp of the righteous.  The gates of the righteous are opened so that we can enter in through the door of the sheepfold who is the Messiah.


The Hebrew letter ד ‘dalet’ {spelled דלת} is a picture of a tent door.  The word is translated as door or gate in the Scriptures.  Messiah Jesus is the door/gate from whence man can enter into the garden of the Lord (John 10:7-14).  This entrance was made available through His death on the cross (John 10:15-18; Hebrews 10:20).  It is fascinating to note that the Hebrew word הגן ‘ha’gan,’ which means ‘the garden,’ also has the numerical value of 58.


The Hebrew letter ד ‘dalet’ is a picture of a door and has the numerical value of 4 which relates to the 4th dimension of time, of which the sun is intimately connected. Time is the ‘fourth dimension’ and is linked to the love of Messiah (Ephesians 3:17-19).  John 3:16 makes clear that the love of Messiah is made manifest on the cross.


1Jn 3:16  Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.

Joh 15:13  Greater love than this has no one, that anyone should lay down his soul for his friends.


Messiah lays down His life for His sheep (John 10:15).  In this portion of Scripture, Messiah likens Himself to the ‘door’.  Through His sacrifice, Messiah has opened up the door to eternity.  He has pierced the veil that delivers us from death and allows us to enter in the Kingdom of Light.  At the cross, Messiah ‘pierced the fabric’ of time-space…


The 4th dimension is impossible to depict in a three dimensional world that we live in, yet scientists have attempted to do so in the figure of a tesseract, a ‘4 dimensional hypercube.  The tesseract looks like a cross.



For more on this see Shadows & the 4th Dimension


Going back to the day – dial – clock connection….The Hebrew word for day is יום ‘yom’ which comes from the root ים ‘yam’ which means the sea.  This is because the sun sets in the West (also the word ים ‘yam’) which in the Promised Land is the Mediterranean Sea.  The sun rises in the East, displayed in the Hebrew word מזרח ‘mizrach.’  מזרח ‘mizrach’ has the ordinal value (position of the letter in the Aleph-Bet) of 48.  48 is the number of times the Cambridge chimes rings during a 12 hour day.



The rising and setting of the sun is a daily picture of the death and resurrection of the Messiah.

The are multiple words for time in Hebrew, the most used is עת ‘et’ which pictographically means to ‘see the cross’, and in ancient Hebrew thinking meant to ‘see the mark.’  What is this ‘mark’?  It is the sun setting (death) and rising (resurrection) above the horizon.



At sunrise the sky appears red



This word comes from דם ‘dam’ meaning blood.



דם ‘dam’ literally means waters from the door, as in the living waters that come forth from the Temple, or the living waters of blood that come forth from the heart.  The sun moving through the zodiac is also a picture of this.  Psalm 19 speaks of the sun following the path of the zodiac and coming forth from ‘his canopy’ representing the Temple.  A healthy heart pumps on average 72 times a minute, the sun moves a degree through the ecliptic every 72 years.  It seems that the beating of the human heart corresponds with the movement of the sun through the ecliptic.


The ‘circle’ traced by the earth’s axis around the north ecliptic pole is not smooth but wavy, as the moon’s gravitational pull causes the earth to ‘nod’ about once every 18 years (currently 18.6 years), a movement known as nutation. The circle therefore contains about 1440 waves, since 18 x 1440 = 25,920. Note that the average human heartbeat is equal to 72 beats a minute, and on average we breathe about 18 times a minute. 72 years (= 6+60+6 or 6×12) is said to be the ‘ideal’ lifespan of a human being, during which time the sun moves through one degree of the zodiac in the precessional cycle. A human breathes 72 times in 4 minutes, the time required for the earth to turn 1 degree on its axis. In 24 hours (86,400 seconds) we breathe 18 x 1440 = 25,920 times, equal to the number of years in the precessional cycle.”  Patterns in Nature


According to the National Geographic’s ‘Incredible Human Machine’ it takes 72 muscles for man to speak.  The Hebrew word for time, עת ‘et,’ means to see the mark.  What is the mark?  It is when the sun rises directly east (קדם ‘qedem’ ‘sun of blood’) at the time of the תקופה ‘tequphah’ which literally means the ‘sun speaks.’



According to Ecclesiastes 1:5-6, the sun moves upon the wind again linking to the blood which flows through the human body and the living waters which flow forth from the throne of God.

The path of the sun through the zodiac comes from the following Hebrew word:



According to the Revelation 22:1-2, the river of life that comes forth from the throne of God, is linked to 12 fruits of the tree of life.


The word for the constellations/zodiac in Hebrew is מזרות ‘mazzaroth’ which traces back to the Hebrew word נזר ‘nazar.’



What was on the crown of the High Priest?  The sacred name of God (Exodus 29:6; 39:30)  According to Josephus (Wars of the Jews Book 5 Chapter 5 Section 7) the sacred name consisted of 4 vowels which are pronounced with our breath.  The Hebrew word for ‘name,’ is שם ‘shem’ which means breath/wind.  It is the root for the word שמים ‘shamayim’ which means heaven.  שם ‘shem’ is also the root of the word שמש ‘shemesh’ which means the sun.  Every breath we take we are proclaiming His Name.  Each breath we take brings oxygen into our lungs which brings life to our blood and to our cells.


4 directions & the sun





מוצא ‘motza’ is from the root צא, which is related to the parent root




This is an interesting connection between the rising of the sun in the east and the desert.  It is easy to relate the sun and the desert with the hot sands of the desert and the blazing heat.  Interestingly the word for sand in Hebrew is חול ‘chol’ which comes from the root חל which is one of the words used in Hebrew for ‘beginning.’  Another word used for beginning comes from the word above מוצא ‘motza’ which, in the feminine form, means a beginning or origin.  This is brought to light because it is said that God rides upon the skies/desert (ערבה ‘arabah’).


Psa 68:4  Sing to God, sing praise to His name; lift up a song for Him who rides in the deserts (KJV ‘heavens’ ערבה ‘arabah’), by His name Jah; yea, exult in His presence.


The word deserts/heavens in the above verse is ערבה ‘arabah’





Another word for west is ‘sea’, because the rising of the sun is to the east in the land of Israel, so the direction of west is where the Mediterranean Sea is.



As seen above, this is the root of the word יום ‘yom,’ which means day.



שׂמאל  /  שׂמאול

śemô’l  /  śem’ôl

BDB Definition:

1) the left, the left hand, the left side

1a) left

1b) left hand

1c) north (as one faces east)



Clock & Bread



As mentioned before, the word clock derives from the Medieval Latin word ‘clocca’ which means bell, as in the bells rung to mark the hours of prayer. The word ‘clock’ replaced the Old English word ‘dægmæl’ which was a combination of the words ‘dæg’ meaning day and ‘mæl’ meaning measure or mark.  The English word ‘meal’ comes from this word ‘mæl’ as a meal is a fixed time for eating.


The connection between clocks and meals traces back even further to the Tabernacle/Temple.  The ‘face of a clock’ points to Messiah Jesus, the Face of God.  In the Tabernacle/Temple, His face was foreshadowed in the shewbread or Bread of Presence, literally the Bread of Faces (לחם פנים ‘lechem paniym’).  The shewbread was 12 in number (Leviticus 24:5), according to the twelve tribes and can be seen in every clock today.


Further connecting time and bread is manna which was given to Israel in the wilderness daily (Exodus 16:4; Deuteronomy 8:3), and double on the sixth day of the week that they might learn the 7th day sabbath rest (Exodus 16:4-5).


Manna was called the ‘bread of the mighty’ (Psalm 78:25) which man was given from on high.


Psa 78:23  And He commanded the fine clouds above; and He opened the doors of the heavens;

Psa 78:24  and He rained on them manna to eat; yea, He gave the grain of the heavens to them.

Psa 78:25  Man ate the bread of the mighty (KJV angels); He sent them food (צדה ‘tsedah’) to the full.

Recall that in the Clock Tower Psalm 37:23-24 is paraphrased.


Psa 37:23  The steps of a good man are ordered by the LORD: and he delighteth in his way.


The word for steps in this verse is צעד ‘tsa’ad’ which comes from the root word צד.  The word for food in Psalm 78:25 is צדה ‘tsedah’ which comes from the same root, צד.


Messiah is the bread from Heaven that gives Life


Joh 6:30  Then they said to Him, Then what miraculous sign do You do that we may see and may believe You? What do You work?

Joh 6:31  Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, as it is written “He gave them bread out of Heaven to eat.” LXX-Psa. 77:24; MT-Psa. 78:24

Joh 6:32  Then Jesus said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you, Moses has not given you the bread out of Heaven, but My Father gives you the true bread out of Heaven.

Joh 6:33  For the bread of God is He coming down out of Heaven and giving life to the world.

Joh 6:48  I am the Bread of life.

Joh 6:49  Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness and died.

Joh 6:50  This is the Bread coming down out of Heaven, that anyone may eat of it and not die.

Joh 6:51  I am the Living Bread that came down from Heaven. If anyone eats of this Bread, he will live forever. And indeed the bread which I will give is My flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.


Bread=His Flesh=Gospel


Basar Gospel Flesh


Man was made in the image of God (Genesis 1:26)…Messiah is THE Image of God (Hebrews 1:3; 2 Corinthians 4:4).  The word for image in Genesis 1:26 is צלם ‘tselem’ which comes from the root word צל ‘tsel’ which means shade or shadow.  Interestingly, the word for chime (as in the Cambridge chimes) in Hebrew is  צלצל ‘tsiltsel’ which comes from the same root word צל ‘tsel.’


The Gospel (בסר ‘basar’) is connected with flesh. Where is the first reference to flesh (בסר ‘basar’) ? The union of Adam and Eve…a picture of Jesus and His Bride becoming one is  the fulfillment of the Good News.


Gen 2:21  And Jehovah God caused a deep sleep to fall on the man, and he slept. And He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh underneath.

Gen 2:22  And Jehovah God formed the rib which He had taken from the man into a woman, and brought her to the man.

Gen 2:23  And the man said, This now at last is bone from my bones, and flesh from my flesh. For this shall be called Woman, because this has been taken out of man.

Gen 2:24  Therefore, a man shall leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave to his wife and they shall become one flesh

Eph 5:30  For we are members of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones.

Eph 5:31  “For this, a man shall leave his father and mother, and shall be joined to his wife, and the two shall be one flesh.” Gen. 2:24

Eph 5:32  The mystery is great, but I speak as to Christ and as to the assembly.


The rib of Adam from whence his bride came out is linked to the number 5 which connects to the 5th day of creation and life.


חמשׁ ‘chamesh’ is used to translate multiple terms in Hebrew.  It is used for the number five/fifty, the hand, to be armed and the side of the body (fifth rib).


The ‘fifth rib’






This word is used in the following verses:


fifth, 4

2Sa_2:23, 2Sa_3:27, 2Sa_4:6, 2Sa_20:10


Messiah was wounded in the side (‘the fifth rib’).


Joh 19:34  But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a lance, and at once blood and water came out.


Adam’s bride came forth from his rib/side (Genesis 2:22) which is a picture of Messiah’s bride ‘coming forth’ when He offered Himself as an atonement to bring us back to God.  Interestingly, the year of Jubilee, which occurs every 50 (חמשּׁים ‘chamashim’) years (Leviticus 25:10-13) began on the Day of Atonement.  Is it coincidence that the Clock Tower was renamed Elizabeth Tower on her Jubilee?  Recall that the number of times that the Cambridge chimes ring during a 12 hour period is 48, this is numerically equivalent to the Hebrew word יובל ‘yoval’ which means Jubilee.


The great trumpet (Isaiah 27:13) will be blown and those resurrected in the 1st resurrection will receive their inheritance in the land.


1Co 15:20  But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.


As mentioned before, according to Isaac Mozeson, the English word ‘big’ traces back to the Hebrew word בגר ‘bogar’ which means ‘grown up’ and is related to the word בּכור ‘bikkur’ which means firstborn.  Here then in Big Ben is seen The Firstborn Son.


Col 1:18  And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.

Rev 1:5  And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,



Name Meanings


The meanings of the names of those involved in producing the Cambridge chimes point to Messiah Jesus.



Joseph Jowett


Joseph comes from the Hebrew name יוסף ‘Yosef’ which means He will add or He will gather.


Jowett is a dimunitive, or ‘pet’ form of the name John.  John comes from the Hebrew name יחנן ‘Yochanan’ which means the grace of God.  Messiah is the Grace of God (Romans 5:15; Ephesians 2:8; John 3:16-17; 1 Corinthians 1:4; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Titus 2:11).  Some say that Jowett means “God has favoured me (with a son)“.


It is through Messiah (the Good Shepherd), that mankind is added/gathered back to God.


Joh 10:11  I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.

Joh 10:14  I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.

Joh 10:15  As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

Joh 10:16  And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.

Joh 10:17  Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.

Joh 10:18  No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.

Eze 37:23  And they will not still be defiled with their idols, even with their filthy idols, nor with all of their transgressions. But I will save them out of all their dwelling places where they have sinned in them, and I will cleanse them. So they shall be for a people to Me and I will be for God to them.

Eze 37:24  And My Servant, David, shall be King over them. And there shall be one Shepherd to all of them. And they shall walk in My judgments and keep My statutes, and do them.

1Pe 2:25  For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.

Isa 40:9  O Zion, that bringest good tidings, get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God!

Isa 40:10  Behold, the Lord GOD will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him.

Isa 40:11  He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young.

Eze 34:11  For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out.

Eze 34:12  As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day.

Eze 34:13  And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country.

Eze 34:14  I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they lie in a good fold, and in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel.

Eze 34:15  I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord GOD.

Eze 34:16  I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up that which was broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.

Eze 34:22  Therefore will I save my flock, and they shall no more be a prey; and I will judge between cattle and cattle.

Eze 34:23  And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.

Eze 34:24  And I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the LORD have spoken it.

Eze 34:25  And I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land: and they shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and sleep in the woods.

Eze 34:30  Thus shall they know that I the LORD their God am with them, and that they, even the house of Israel, are my people, saith the Lord GOD.

Eze 34:31  And ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, are men, and I am your God, saith the Lord GOD.


John Randall


As mentioned before, John comes from the Hebrew name יחנן ‘Yochanan’ which means the grace of God.  Messiah is the Grace of God.


Randall comes from the name Randolf which is a combination of the Germanic words ‘rand’ meaning shield or protector and ‘wulf’ meaning wolf.  The protector or shield against the wolves. This name points to the Good Shepherd protecting His flock from the enemy.  The greatest enemy of mankind is sin and death which Messiah overcame through His death and resurrection (1 Corinthians 15:26, 53-57; Romans 5:17; 6:23).


William Crotch


William comes from the Germanic name ‘Willahelm’ which is a combination of the words ‘wil’ meaning will or desire and ‘helm’ which means helmet or protection.  Messiah is the ‘helmet of salvation’ (Isaiah 59:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:8; Ephesians 5:23; 6:17; Colossians 1:18; Romans 13:12-14).


Crotch is a derivation of the name Crouch which comes from the Old English word ‘cruc’ which means cross.  It is through Messiah’s work on the cross that He brought forth salvation.


Lord Grimthorpe Edmund Beckett Denison.  Denison is responsible for the Cambridge chimes being installed in the Clock Tower (Big Ben).


Edmund comes from the Old English words ‘ead’ which means rich or blessed and ‘mund’ which means protector.  This points to the Good Shepherd who protects His flock.


Beckett comes from the Middle English word ‘beke’ which means a stream or brook.  This is where the Good Shepherd leads His flock.


Psa 23:2  He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.


Denison comes from the Ancient Greek name ‘Dionysios’ which is a combination of the Greek word Διος ‘Dios’ which means Zeus and Νυσα ‘Nysa’ which is the name of a legendary mountain.

Zeus is actually a name which derives from God.  Ζευς ‘Zeus’ comes from Greek word ζην ‘zen’ meaning to live and Δια ‘Dia’ from δυι ‘dui’ meaning through.  ‘To live through.’  This is the definition of God (Acts 17:28; John 1:1-9) which was corrupted by the heathen into the name of a false god.


“Many reading this may cringe that Zeus branches out from the same word that God does but this is a perfect example of the above statements about the worship of the true God being perverted over time by the nations.  The word Zeus comes from ‘zen’ mentioned above in Greek but traces even further back to the Hebrew word טוב ‘tov’ meaning good” {E-Word – Isaac Mozeson pg 247}.  Recall that the word ‘dial‘ traces back to the same Hebrew word.


The mountain upon which God brought forth life is Calvary (Romans 5:10, 17; 6:4, 23)


Westminster Chimes & Handel’s ‘I Know That My Redeemer Liveth’

Related Studies:


Shadows of Messiah – History






Shadows of Messiah book 3b

blessing 4



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