The Presidents Code – Manifest Destiny

The Presidents Code – Manifest Destiny



The above image is a painting by John Gast which depicts the doctrine of Manifest Destiny which he entitled the “Spirit of the Frontier” in which Columbia with a book (the Word) in hand is leading Americans to the West.   Columbia is another name for America which is derived from the name Christopher Columbus.  Columbia means the land of Columbus.  Columbus means dove.  This is significant as the dove is a picture of God’s Spirit and rebirth or renewal.

The belief of Manifest Destiny corresponds with the idea of “rebirth” as it was based upon the idea that America’s destiny was to “remake” the world in its image.


Thomas Paine set the foundation for this doctrine in his pamphlet Common Sense.  He spoke of the American Revolution providing an opportunity to make a new world:

“We have it in our power to begin the world over again. A situation, similar to the present, hath not happened since the days of Noah until now. The birthday of a new world is at hand…”


This connection between the Manifest Destiny and the days of Noah is important to note as the “glory” days of the Manifest Destiny occurred during the Presidency of James K. Polk, whose Presidency portrays the life of Noah in the Presidents Code.


James Polk was President from 1845-1849 and oversaw America acquiring the Oregon Territory as well as the Annexation of Texas.  These two additions to the American Republic made the size of the United States grow considerably, stretching from “sea to shining sea”.


When Polk became President, the map of the United States appeared as such:



By the end of Polk’s Presidency, all of the land which was claimed by Mexico and the United Kingdom were in the hands of the United States.


The Presidency of James Polk is a picture of Noah and his family surviving the Flood and the following events of their life on dry land.  After the Flood, God commanded Noah and his family to be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth (Genesis 9:1, 7), the acquisition of new lands by the United States during the Polk Presidency corresponds with this call.


Not much is written of Polk’s faith.  The only quote which is given comes from Polk’s own mouth and was recorded by a man named Theodore Parker who was a famous minister of the day.


“Theodore Parker says that on his deathbed he acknowledged that his good works had been as ‘filthy rags.’ But he was safely on board ‘the old ship of Zion before she weighed anchor and spread her sails for the Elysian fields. {The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents – Franklin Steiner}


The obscurity of Polk’s beliefs are magnified by this one quote in connection to the theme of his Presidency lining up with the Flood of Noah and the salvation of man through it.  The filthy rags of man were washed by the Flood, saved through the ark, the ‘old ship Zion,’ which landed upon the mountains of Ararat, the ‘Elysian fields.’  In Roman mythology, the Elysian fields were the final resting place of the righteous.  They were the heathen’s version of Paradise (Luke 16:23-31).  This picture is further strengthened by the meaning of the word Ararat in Hebrew.  אררט ”ararat’ is defined as ‘the curse reversed.’  The reversal of the curse was prophesied to come by Noah when his father named him (Genesis 5:29). The true ‘reversal of curse’ will  happen when the Kingdom of Heaven comes (Revelation 22:3).


This Heavenly Kingdom is spoken of as ‘mother Zion’ in Scripture, the Jerusalem above (Galatians 4:26; Revelation 21:2, 10-27).  This further connects to Polk’s Presidency as he was a strong advocate of the doctrine of ‘Manifest Destiny’ which led to partial acquisition of the Oregon territory from Britain.


The origin of the word ‘Oregon’ comes from the French word ‘ouragan’ which means windstorm or hurricane.  This was applied to the Oregon country based upon the ‘Chinook winds’ which occur in the Western part of the United States.  Here again is the picture of the Flood of Noah portrayed, as well as the winds which passed upon the earth causing the waters to abate and the ark to rest upon the top of the mountains of Ararat (Genesis 8:1-4).


It was the time of the Manifest Destiny that the territory of the United States expanded to the Pacific Ocean.  From ‘sea to shining sea.’  This phrase, was popularized in the song ‘America the Beautiful,’ which came from the music ‘Materna.’  Materna was also known as ‘O Mother Dear, Jerusalem,’ a hymn written by a Scottish theologian named David Dickson who lived in the 17th century.


Manifest Destiny was an idea that Americans were destined to expand across the North American continent and spread their goodness to the rest of the world.  This connects to the call of God to Noah and his family to be ‘fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth’ (Genesis 9:1).


John Quincy Adams was one of the earliest proponents of the idea of Manifest Destiny.

“The whole continent of North America appears to be destined by Divine Providence to be peopled by one nation, speaking one language, professing one general system of religious and political principles, and accustomed to one general tenor of social usages and customs. For the common happiness of them all, for their peace and prosperity, I believe it is indispensable that they should be associated in one federal Union.” {Promised land, crusader state: the American encounter with the world since 1776 – Walter A. McDougall}


Adams connects the idea of one nation, speaking one language and of one religion.  This was the state of man after the Flood, continuing to the days of the Tower of Babel (Genesis 11:1).  The days of the Tower of Babel correspond in the Presidents Code to the Presidency of James Buchanan who saw the North and South split leading to the Presidency of Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War.


Aside from the purchase of a part of Oregon country, the other major part of Polk’s administration was the annexation of Texas which led to the Mexican-American war and the Mexican Cession of 1848 where Mexico ceded to the U.S. a large portion of the Southwest.


The meaning of the name Texas comes from the word ‘taysha’ in the Caddoan language of the Hasinai, an Eastern Texas Indian tribe.  The word means ‘friends’ or ‘allies.’  This connects to the account of Noah planting a vineyard after the Flood as the Old English word for friend was actually ‘wine.’


Gen 9:20  And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard:

The doctrine of Manifest Destiny has taken on a new form in modern times entitled “American Exceptionalism” which came to prominence in the Presidency of George W. Bush and continues today.  The idea of American Exceptionalism is based upon the belief of “America’s goodness” seen in its form of government which is based upon rights given by a Creator.  The concept of a ‘shining city upon a hill.’  The problem with the usage by the Neo-Conservative movement is that the concept of a shining city upon a hill has always been one of setting an example for others to follow, not forcing American ideals upon them by warfare.


George W. Bush‘s Presidency portrays the days of the 2nd Temple unto the days of Messiah coming to earth. This was a time in which both the Pharisees and Sadducees believed that the Messiah would come to save Israel by force, destroying their enemies through war and setting up Israel as the head of the nations.  This is depicted by the Neocon idea that the American empire will spread by the use of its military power and thus lead the peoples of the world into freedom.  Contrariwise, Jesus Christ came preaching the Gospel of love and repentance towards God.  The message that the Kingdom of God begins within the heart of man (Luke 17:21) and would spread by peace, not violence (Mark 16:15; Luke 4:18; Romans 10:15; Ephesians 6:15).


This will be spoken of in more detail in an upcoming article “Shining City on a Hill”.


America the Beautiful



America the Beautiful was written by Katharine Lee Bates in 1893 after climbing Pikes Peak and was published in the Congregationalist on the Fourth of July 1895.  Bates’ song was inspired by a trip she took from Massachusetts to Colorado Springs to teach summer school.  Along the way she visited the “World’s Columbian Exposition” (Chicago World Fair of 1893) which was a celebration of the 400th Anniversary of Christopher Columbus’ landing in the New World in 1492.  The mention of alabaster cities in her poem comes from this experience  of the fair in which the buildings were designed with white stucco and came to be called the “White City” as a result.  As mentioned before, this Columbia/Columbus connection links to Noah’s Flood.


The amber waves of grain reference in her poem comes from the wheat fields in Kansas which she passed through during the summer of her trip.  Kansas was named after the Kaw tribe which means “wind”.  This is yet another connection to the time period of Noah’s ark resting on Mt. Ararat where God made a wind pass over the earth to cause the waters to recede (Genesis 8:1-3).


In America the Beautiful, the “fruited plains” is a reference to the Great Plains of Mid-West.  In Hebrew there is a fascinating connection to these Great Plains.  In Hebrew, the word for food grown in flood plains is בול ‘bul’ which is the source of the word for Noah’s Flood (מבול ‘mabul’).


Later, Bates poem was combined with music written by Samuel Ward based upon the hymn “O Mother Dear, Jerusalem”.


Jerusalem, my happy home,

Name ever dear to me,

When shall my labours have an end?

Thy joys when shall I see?


2. When shall these eyes thy heav’n-built walls

And pearly gates behold,

Thy bulwarks with salvation strong,

And streets of shining gold?


3. Oh, when, thou city of my God,

Shall I thy courts ascend

Where evermore the angels sing,

Where Sabbaths have no end?


4. Apostles, martyrs, prophets, there

Around my Saviour stand;

And soon my friends in Christ below

Will join the glorious band.


5. Jerusalem, my happy home,

When shall I come to thee?

When shall my labours have an end?

Thy joys when shall I see?


6. O Christ, do Thou my soul prepare

For that bright home of love

That I may see Thee and adore

With all Thy saints above.



America the Beautiful  Lyrics

O beautiful for spacious skies,

For amber waves of grain,

For purple mountain majesties

Above the fruited plain!


America! America!

God shed His grace on thee,

And crown thy good with brotherhood

From sea to shining sea!


O beautiful for pilgrim feet

Whose stern impassion’d stress

A thoroughfare for freedom beat

Across the wilderness


America! America!

God mend thine ev’ry flaw,

Confirm thy soul in self-control,

Thy liberty in law.


O beautiful for heroes prov’d

In liberating strife,

Who more than self their country lov’d,

And mercy more than life.


America! America!

May God thy gold refine

Till all success be nobleness,

And ev’ry gain divine.


O beautiful for patriot dream

That sees beyond the years

Thine alabaster cities gleam

Undimmed by human tears.


America! America!

God shed His grace on thee,

And crown thy good with brotherhood

From sea to shining sea.



Original poem (1893)


America. A Poem for July 4.


O beautiful for halcyon skies,

For amber waves of grain,

For purple mountain majesties

Above the enameled plain!

America! America!

God shed His grace on thee,

Till souls wax fair as earth and air

And music-hearted sea!


O beautiful for pilgrim feet

Whose stern, impassioned stress

A thoroughfare for freedom beat

Across the wilderness!

America! America!

God shed His grace on thee

Till paths be wrought through wilds of thought

By pilgrim foot and knee!


O beautiful for glory-tale

Of liberating strife,

When once or twice, for man’s avail,

Men lavished precious life!

America! America!

God shed His grace on thee

Till selfish gain no longer stain,

The banner of the free!


O beautiful for patriot dream

That sees beyond the years

Thine alabaster cities gleam

Undimmed by human tears!

America! America!

God shed His grace on thee

Till nobler men keep once again

Thy whiter jubilee!




The Presidents Code

The Presidents Code

blessing 4




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