Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays – Easter & Paganism?

Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays


The origins of Christianity and the original customs thereof come not from pagans. They come from the Holy Bible and ancient Hebrew thought.


Easter & Paganism?

easter shadow


“Perhaps the most misinformed theory that rolls around the internet this time of year is that Easter was originally a celebration of the ancient Near Eastern fertility goddess…Ishtar…There’s no linguistic connection, however.  Ishtar is Akkadian and Easter is likely to be Anglo-Saxon…Just because words in different languages sound the same doesn’t mean they are related.  In Swedish, the word “kiss” means urine.”  {Did Christians really steal Easter – Dr. Candida Moss}

“Ishtar the goddess was worshipped a long, long, long time ago, in Babylon and Assyria.  We’re talking about the 600s BC here.  The word “Easter” is from the English language, which only started to develop, as such, around the fifth or seventh century AD.”

“That’s a gap of over a thousand years.  So don’t you suppose anyone who claims a connection needs to provide a little more documentation?  I mean, besides, “One sure sounds like the other to me?”  There are even some who claim that “Ishtar” is pronounced like “Easter,” though I have yet to hear a “sh” sound in “Easter.”  Nor do any of these people tell us how they got hold of Ancient Near Eastern pronunciation manuals.”

“We have no record of any pagan worshipping “Ostara/Eostre.” We have no record of any rituals associated with her, and that includes no rituals that make use of rabbits and eggs, contrary to what some of the anti-Easter crowd say. Because of this, some scholars think Bede just made this story up. Others think Bede had some real goods, but we just don’t know (e.g., comments by Frank Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England, 98).

What we do know is that there’s some sort of etymological connection between the German language and English when it comes to the word “Easter.” The word “Easter” in German is “Ostern.” The word “east” in German is “Osten.” If you’re inclined to be charitable, you may think this has something to do with Jesus rising from the dead before sunrise (in the east). If you’re inclined to be suspicious, you’ll lean towards the theory that Ostara was a real pagan goddess from back in Bede’s time, but that’s something you’d have a hard time proving.

Given the etymology, it’s also possible that both ideas are true, in a way. It may be that both Easter and Ostara were named based on connections to the sunrise in the east, although for different reasons.

The bottom line is, we just don’t know. But it may not matter anyway. As we indicated earlier, Easter was originally observed under the name “Pascha,” hearkening back to the Passover. So, if “Easter” does come from the name of a pagan goddess, it’s a latecomer to the scene – and you also may as well be upset that people drive Saturn automobiles, eat Athena brand goat cheese, and drive with Midas mufflers. It’s just not that meaningful.”  {Easter is Pagan And Other Fables – J.P. Holding: Tekton Apologetics Ministries}


Easter History – part II

“Easter is an English word; and not by any means the original name of the feast. Passover is an English word too. Anyone who wants to make a huge deal about calling something by a different name should remember that the name of the celebration isn’t Passover. In Hebrew and Aramaic the name is Pesach. In Greek and Latin the name is Pascha. “Nisan”, as in the month of Nisan, is also a pagan name. It’s Babylonian. The Hebrews adopted it during the Exile. If names is your sticking point, then definitely you should avoid celebrating Passover on the 14th of Nissan.
BTW.. switch to “Abib” all you like; that’s a Canaanite name. (Pagan!)”

When the New Testament was being formed, the name of the Last Supper was “Pascha.” Pascha is used 29 times in the New Testament. When the KJV translates Acts 12: 4 into Easter, the original word is Pascha. When the Quartodecimans and the church in the West argued over timing, they argued over one and the same feast, which was Pascha. When we read the ancient histories, particularly by Eusebius who wrote about the infamous Council of Nicea, the word he used was Pascha. This is the name that was used for hundreds of years before English even became a language or the word Easter was ever uttered. To this very day the name of the Easter celebration throughout most of Christendom is Pascha (or some very similar derivitive), as it always had been.

The Catholic Encyclopedia lists a great number of the Paschal names:

“The Greek term for Easter, pascha, has nothing in common with the verb paschein, “to suffer,” although by the later symbolic writers it was connected with it; it is the Aramaic form of the Hebrew pesach (transitus, passover). The Greeks called Easter the pascha anastasimon; Good Friday the pascha staurosimon. The respective terms used by the Latins are Pascha resurrectionis and Pascha crucifixionis. In the Roman and Monastic Breviaries the feast bears the title Dominica Resurrectionis; in the Mozarabic Breviary, In Lætatione Diei Pasch Resurrectionis; in the Ambrosian Breviary, In Die Sancto Paschæ. The Romance languages have adopted the Hebrew-Greek term: Latin, Pascha; Italian, Pasqua; Spanish, Pascua; French, Pâques. Also some Celtic and Teutonic nations use it: Scottish, Pask; Dutch, Paschen; The correct word in Dutch is actually Pasen; Danish, Paaske; Swedish, Pask; even in the German provinces of the Lower Rhine the people call the feast Paisken not Ostern. The word is, principally in Spain and Italy, identified with the word “solemnity” and extended to other feasts, e.g. Sp., Pascua florida, Palm Sunday; Pascua de Pentecostes, Pentecost; Pascua de la Natividad, Christmas; Pascua de Epifania, Epiphany. In some parts of France also First Communion is called Pâques, whatever time of the year administered.”

-Holweck, Frederick. “Easter.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 19 Apr. 2010.

So, the origin of the Easter celebration is indeed the Jewish Passover; particularly the Last Supper which Jesus ate with His Apostles. As the article demonstrates, the celebration is still called Passover in all non-Germanic languages throughout Europe and west Asia. We can definitively conclude that the origin of Easter is not pagan, as some claim. Regardless of what it’s called.”

Is Easter a Pagan Festival?

“From the evidence we have, we can be confident that the word Easter comes from the name of the month in which it fell, not from the name of a goddess. Eaosturmonath was likely shortened in the translation, as is common with long names, and eventually we get the English word Easter.”
Easter is Pascha. Pascha is Easter.
Easter is an English word that comes from the High German name for the month of April, Ostarmonath. It does not come from the name of a goddess.
Easter is not pagan in origin, but began as a matter of desiring a reliable, set timing for the Lord’s Supper and the end of the Lenten fast that went with it – that doesn’t rely on the Jews to determine the timing.

Eggs were traditions among the Orthodox since who knows when and weren’t introduced in the Latin west perhaps until after 1,000 A.D. They don’t even factor in. Even if they were pagan fertility symbols to remote cultures, we have no evidence these things came from the Germans, or that they were adopted into Christianity from pagans. They could have been innocent Spring symbols.”

Easter FAQ

“I am shocked at the statements being passed off as truth on the Internet these days. Here is very short a list of the some of the unsubstantiated claims that are out there:

• Sun-worshippers went to their temples weekly, on Sunday, to worship the Sun-god.
• Nimrod’s wife was Semiramis, who claimed to be the Virgin Queen of Heaven, and was the mother of Tammuz.
• Tammuz was killed by a wild boar when he was age 40; so 40 days of Lent were set aside to honor his death.
• The Babylonians wept for him on “Good Friday.” They worshipped a cross-the initial letter of his name.

These and similar claims, popular as they may be on the Internet, are patently ridiculous. They are unfounded and unverifiable. People who pass on these lies all claim to love the truth. I shudder for the truth! Just try to find proof for these claims in ancient documents and you cannot. Drill down and you will come to a dead end. Why? Because they’re made up! Wouldn’t you expect to be able to provide solid evidence for something if it’s is true? Yet well-intentioned people propagate these tales regardless.”

For more on this subject see:

Why we should not Passover Easter

Why we should not Passover Easter 2

Is the Name “Easter” of Pagan Origin?

Some studies for further research for those interested:

A look at the “pagan roots” of Easter – Are They Breaking God’s Law?

“It occurred to me that the “Christians” and HRM followers who make these claims are not adhering to what the Bible says. This is especially hypocritical of the HRM because by claiming that Christmas and Easter are pagan, they are breaking the Law that they claim to follow:

Matthew 18:15-17: 15 “If your brother sins [against you], go and tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have won over your brother. 16 If he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, so that ‘every fact may be established on the testimony of two or three witnesses.’ 17 If he refuses to listen to them, tell the church. If he refuses to listen even to the church, then treat him as you would a Gentile or a tax collector.”

John 8:17: Even in your law it is written that the testimony of two men can be verified.

2 Corinthians 13:1: This third time I am coming to you. “On the testimony of two or three witnesses a fact shall be established.”

1 Timothy 5:19: Do not accept an accusation against a presbyter unless it is supported by two or three witnesses.

Therefore, those who claim that Easter is the festival of an ancient goddess base this claim on myth and only one historical witness in the writings of an 8th century Monk. This clearly goes against the Biblical prescription of having two or three witnesses on a matter.

It seems that anyone who observes the Law, as well as those who follow the New Testament would not make fictitious claims against other Christians without the witnesses as prescribed by the Bible to back their claims. Not only are they disregarding the Biblical instructions on such accusations, but they are breaking a commandment in bearing false witness against their neighbor/fellow believers in Jesus.”

Great Lent and Holy Week

“There’s no historical evidence that coloring Easter eggs comes from the blood of sacrificed infants, that is a “myth” of Alexander Hislop. However, there is ancient tradition as to how this custom originated.”

“Many popular Easter customs originated in the Christian East.

The coloring of “Easter eggs” originated from the pious legend that Mary Magdala was bringing cooked eggs to share with the other women at the tomb of Christ – This remains the tradition among observant Jews even in our own time – When Mary Magdala saw the Lord, the eggs in her basket turned brilliant red. Thus, the true meaning of dyeing Easter eggs is to show forth the miraculous transformation and re-creation of the whole world by the victorious resurrection of Christ.

The origin of the “Easter basket” The faithful, having fasted and abstained from meats, eggs, and dairy products throughout all of Great Lent, would bring baskets of these festive foods to church on Easter Sunday. There the priests would bless the baskets after Divine liturgy and the people would share their foods with one another and the poor in a true “break-fast.”

Even Spring cleaning is found in the tradition of the Eastern Churches. During the great week before Pascha the faithful would clean their homes with special care and attention so that no imperfection however slight would mar the purity of the Resurrection. In Eastern Europe all the contents of the house would be brought outside and the building would be scrubbed from top to bottom inside and out.”

The Orthodox Christian Tradition of Exchanging Red Eggs at Pascha

“It is an ancient Orthodox Christian tradition to have red eggs at Pascha. Many people are surprised to find out that this tradition dates to the Apostolic era. The custom of presenting each other with a red egg at Pascha reflects an interchange between Mary Magdalene and Tiberius Caesar.

After the resurrection, Mary Magdalene became a strong witness and traveling preacher of the Gospel, and for this she is referred to as an “equal to the Apostles.”

Her travels eventually took Mary Magdalene to Rome, where because of her family’s standing she was able to obtain an audience with the Roman Emperor, Tiberius Caesar. Her purpose was to protest to him that his governor in Judea, Pontius Pilate, and the two high priests, Annas and Caiaphas, had conspired and executed an innocent man, namely our Lord Jesus Christ.

She presented him with a red egg (representing the stone which had been rolled away), saying: “Christ is risen!” She told Caesar of Pilate’s injustice toward Jesus. He responded by moving Pilate to Gaul, where he died under imperial displeasure after a prolonged illness. She then assisted St. John the Theologian in Ephesus. She preached boldly the gospel of the Risen Lord whom she loved.

According to the tradition, everyone visiting the Emperor was supposed to bring him a gift. Rich and influential people, of course, brought expensive gifts whereas the poor offered whatever they could afford. Mary Magdalene took an egg to the Emperor’s palace and handed it to Tiberius Caesar with the greeting: “Christ is risen!”

Tiberius Caesar, naturally, could not believe what he heard and responded to her: “How could anyone ever rise from the dead? It is as impossible as that white egg to turn red.” While Tiberius was speaking these words, the egg in the hand of Mary Magdalene began changing color until it finally became bright red.

Thus the Pascha greeting — in universal Christendom, both East and West — has ever since remained “Christ is risen!” and it became traditional for Christians throughout the world to color eggs in red.

Mary Magdalene then went on to explain to Tiberius Caesar that the now-red egg symbolized life rising from a sealed chamber, a symbol that would have been understandable to a pagan Roman.”

Easter, Ishtar and Tammuz – Examining the Sources of the United Church of God

Ishtar and Eostre- The True Origins of the Easter Connection

Was Easter Borrowed from a Pagan Holiday?

Easter was NOT based on a pagan holiday

 Eostre: The Making of a Myth

 Eostre: The Making of a Myth Part 2

 Hunting the spurious Eostre Hare

Why we should not Passover Easter

Are the Symbols and Customs of Easter of Pagan Origin?

Is the Date of Easter of Pagan Origin?

Eostre and Easter Customs

 The modern myth of the Easter bunny


Easter & Passover

Easter comes forth from Passover which is פסח ‘pesach’ in Hebrew and Πάσχα ‘Pascha’ in Greek.  The Holy Scriptures declare that Jesus Christ is our Passover.

1Co 5:7  Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover {πασχα ‘pascha’} is sacrificed for us:

1Co 5:7  εκκαθαρατε ουν την παλαιαν ζυμην ινα ητε νεον φυραμα καθως εστε αζυμοι και γαρ το πασχα ημων υπερ ημων εθυθη χριστος

Latin Vulgate

1Co 5:7  expurgate vetus fermentum ut sitis nova consparsio sicut estis azymi etenim pascha nostrum immolatus est Christus

Wycliffe Translation
1Co 5:7 Clense ye out the old sourdow, that ye be new sprengyng togidere, as ye ben therf. For Crist offrid is oure pask.

Tyndale Translation
1Co 5:6  Pourge therfore the olde leven that ye maye be newe dowe as ye are swete breed. For Christ oure esterlambe {πάσχα ‘pascha’} is offered vp for vs.

In many languages of the world today, the Easter – Pascha connection is still seen.  In Spanish, Easter is Pascua, in Italian and Catalan Pasqua, in Portuguese Páscoa and in Romanian Paşti.
The names for Easter in various languages

In most of the remaining languages in countries with a Christian heritage, the name for Easter is derived from “Pesach” (“פסחא” in Hebrew) the name for Passover:  These include:

Afrikaans: Paasfees
Albanian: Pashkët
Amharic: (Fasika)
Arabic: عيد الفصح (Aīd ul-Figh)
Azeri Pasxa: Fish (pronounced fis`h)
Berber: tafaska (nowadays it is the name of the Muslim “Festival of sacrifice”)
Catalan: Pasqua
Danish: Pهke
Dutch: Pasen or paasfeest
Esperanto: Pasko
Faroese: Pلkir (plural, no singular exists)
Finnish: Pننsiنnen
French: Pâues
Greek: ذـَ÷ل (Pascha)
Hebrew: פסחא (Pascha)
Icelandic: Pلkar
Indonesian: Paskah
Irish: Cلisc
Italian: Pasqua
Japanese: Seidai Pasuha, “Holy and Great Pascha”, used by Eastern Orthodox members
Latin: Pascha or Festa Paschalia
Lower Rhine: German Paisken
Malayalam: പെശഹ (Pæsacha/Pæsaha)
Northern Ndebele: Pasika
Norwegian: Påske
Persian: Pas`h
Polish: Pascha
Portuguese: Páscoa
Romanian: Pa؛te
Russian: Пасха (Paskha)
Scottish Gaelic: Casca
Spanish: Pascua
Swedish: Pهsk
Tagalog: (Philippines) Pasko ng Muling Pagkabuhay (literally “the Pasch of the Resurrection”)
Turkish Paskalya
Welsh: Pasg

Based on “Great Day” or “Great Night:” This is used in most Slavic languages:
Bulgarian: Великден (Vىlikdىn’)
Czech: Velikonoce
Latvian Lieldienas (Plural; no singular exists)
Lithuanian Velykos (Plural; no singular exists)
Polish: Wielkanoc
Slovak: Ve¾kل Noc
Slovenian: Velika no
Ukrainian: Вялікдзень (Vjalikdzىn’)

Based on “Resurrection”
Bosnian: Uskrs or Vaskrs (literally “resurrection”)
Chinese: Fùhuَ Jié (literally “Resurrection Festival”)
Croatian: “Uskrs,” meaning ‘Resurrection’.”
Korean: Buhwalchol, literally “Resurrection Festival”
Lakota Woekicetuanpetu (literally “Resurrection Day”)
Serbian Ускрс (Uskrs) or Васкрс (Vaskrs, literally “resurrection”)
Vietnamese Lễ Phục Sinh (literally, “Festival of Resurrection”)

Based on multiple names:
Armenian: Զատիկ (Zatik or Zadik, literally “separation”) or Սուրբ Հարություն (Sourb Haroutiwn, literally “holy resurrection”)
Belarusian: Вялікдзень or (Vialikdzen’, literally “the Great Day”)
Bulgarian: Великден (Velikden, literally “the Great Day”) or Възкресение Христово (Vazkresenie Hristovo, literally “Resurrection of Christ”)
Japanese: Iisutaa, pronunciation of Easter in Japanese katakana or Fukkatsusai, literally “Resurrection Festival”
Macedonian Велигден (Veligden, literally “the Great Day”) or, rarely Воскрес (Voskres, literally “resurrection”)
Ukrainian: Великдень (Velykden) or Паска (Paska)

Other bases:
Estonian: Lihavُtted (literally “meat taking”)
Georgian: აღდგომა (Aĝdgoma, literally “rising”)
Hungarian Hْsvét: (literally “taking, or buying meat”)
Maltese L-Għid il-Kbir (means, “the Great Feast”)
Ossetic куадзوh, means “end of fasting”
Persian عيد پاك (literally “Chaste Feast”)
Tongan (South-pacific) Pekia (literally “death (of a lord)”)


Scripture declares that the person that thinks he stands needs to take heed lest he fall (1 Corinthians 10:12).  I take this warning seriously so I am constantly re-examining my understanding of the Word/God’s will.  In recent years I have been applying this re-examining process to my understanding of holidays such as Easter.   In the past I had researched and found many “pagan-connections” to the holiday and as a result left off celebrating and consequently ‘condemned’ the holiday as an abomination to the Lord.  However, in recent years I have found that in my zeal I had thrown out the proverbial ‘baby with the bathwater.’

Many, if not most, of the claims of Easter having “pagan origins” are erroneous.  Some are outright lies, some are half-truths but the result of bearing false witness is a result. These lies are dividing the body of Christ and are abominable in the eyes of God (Proverbs 6:16-19).

Zeal is linked to leaven….In Greek, the word for leaven is ζυμόω ‘zumoō’ which comes from the root word ζέω ‘zeo’ which means to boil with heat, fervency in the spirit or zeal.  For those who celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread, this is important to note.  In my zeal to celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread and get rid of the leaven in my life (which I associated with Easter), I was in reality adding more ‘leaven‘ to my life.

We don’t stand by our works or knowledge, we stand only by faith (2 Corinthians 1:24) in the Gospel (1 Corinthians 15:1) which is given by the grace of God (Romans 5:2). As a result, we are not to judge each other and the perceived failings of each other as we are all servants of God and He is the Master who makes us stand or fall (Romans 14:4).  We are called to bear the infirmities (weakness of mind) of our brothers, edifying them in love as Messiah did (Romans 15:1-7).

If we think we are standing by our works or knowledge and that we are somehow better than our fellow believer because we do something or think something that they don’t, we are walking in pride and we will fall and be humbled (Proverbs 16:18).

Musings – Pride

A lot of believers in Christ Jesus believe in keeping the Biblical feasts which is great….but, if these feasts are being done in a prideful way and the finger of condemnation is being pointed at other believers who don’t keep them because they are not convicted to do so, then these “works” of holy day keeping are an abomination to the Lord because they are being done by one with a prideful heart (Proverbs 16:5; Isaiah 1:14; Amos 5:21) and not out of love for which these feasts/holydays were designed.

Those of who have quit celebrating Easter because they believe they are following God’s will in celebrating Passover/Unleavened Bread must remember that part of getting rid of the leaven in our lives is humbling ourselves and getting rid of the pride in our hearts.

To humble oneself before the Lord is to put on the mind of Messiah, allowing God to work through you according to His will, working out one’s own salvation with fear and trembling (Philippians 2:1-16).  Humbling oneself before the Lord is bowing the knee before Him and seeking His will in our lives, not standing over others and demanding they bow the knee to us, submitting to our will (Romans 14:11-13).

Humbling oneself before the Lord leads one to subject oneself to others (1 Peter 5:5-6), seeking to serve them in love (Galatians 5:13-14).  At the Last Supper, Christ said that the world would know we are His disciples by our love (John 13:35).  He did not say they would know us by our understanding of doctrine or celebrating of the feasts/holydays.

When the Lord returns, He will separate the goats and the sheep according to our service in love (Matthew 25:31-46), not on whether or not we celebrated Passover or Easter.  Serving in love is the true path to ‘theology’ or knowing God (Jeremiah 22:16).   Scripture declares that love of one’s fellow man is equated with love of God (1 John 4:11-12, 20-21) and is the fulfillment and purpose of His Word (Matthew 22:39-40; Romans 13:8-10; Galatians 6:2).  It does not say love of one’s fellow religious counterpart, but of one’s fellow MAN (Galatians 6:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; 3 John 1:11), even our enemies (Luke 6:35).  This love is manifested in service to one another (Galatians 5:13-14; 6:2; John 13:35; 1 John 3:16-19), in particular the poor and weak amongst us.

Unleavened Bread


The Biblical feasts were designed to be shadow pictures of the Messiah (Colossians 2:17) who is the manifestation of God’s love (John 3:16). They were yearly rehearsals for God’s people to keep them walking in His cycles of righteousness. The feasts were designed to be outward signs of His Word to the world. The Word of God became flesh and dwelt among us, He is the fulfillment/purpose of these sabbaths and feasts.

The Word is the character/name of God (Revelation 19:13; Matthew 12:18-21 – Isaiah 42:1-4; Revelation 14:1; 22:4; Deuteronomy 6:6-8), which is love (1 John 4:8). Built into the feasts/sabbaths is the will of God, the plan of salvation for mankind, not their condemnation (2 Peter 3:9; 1 Timothy 2:4).  The message of these feasts/holydays is God’s love, forgiveness and plan of redemption.  They are not designed to portray righteousness of God’s people, they are meant to portray God’s righteousness which comes only through Christ Jesus.  In other words, the feasts were not designed to make believers righteous.  They were designed to be shadows of Christ, who alone is our righteousness.

Rom 3:21  But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;
Rom 3:22  Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:

Musings – Saved by Grace Through Faith

Again, the Biblical Feasts are shadow pictures which are designed to reveal Jesus Christ (Colossians 2:16-17; Hebrews 10:1-17).  He is the Image of God (Hebrews 1:3; 2 Corinthians 4:4-6; Colossians 1:15-16) who is love (1 John 4:8).  Therefore all of the feasts are designed to reveal the love of God.  From the Spring feasts which reveal the sacrifice of the Lord to redeem mankind to the Fall feasts which reveal the future gathering of the redeemed.  They are all about the love of God for mankind and despite of our wickedness, He still offers the path of reconciliation.  It doesn’t come by our religious works (Ephesians 2:1-10) or our understanding of His will (1 Corinthians 2:16), it comes by our faith in the work of Messiah (Romans 3:25-31; 8:3-3; 10:3-13; Colossians 2:16-17; Matthew 10:32-33; 1 Peter 1:21).

Passover & the Feast of Unleavened Bread is all about this love as they point to the death and resurrection of Messiah Jesus, the manifestation of God’s love (John 3:16).

A lot of religious denominations/movements go down the wrong path when they take their eyes off of Jesus and get focused on other things (even if they are Biblically based).  The focus of celebrating Passover & Unleavened Bread should be on the Messiah (His death and resurrection), the manifestation of God’s love.  The focus shouldn’t be on why those who don’t celebrate Passover/Unleavened Bread are “wicked” as most of these believers are celebrating Easter which is also a proclamation of Messiah’s death and resurrection, revealing the love of God for mankind.

Our celebrations should help the Seed/Word (who is Messiah) grow in our hearts otherwise they are worthless/dung.  The purpose of celebrating the Biblical feasts is all about proclaiming the Name/Character of God to the world.  The purpose is not to puff up those who celebrate those feasts and make them ‘better’ than their brothers who aren’t convicted to do so.

The Hebrew word for dung is פרש ‘parash’ which is the root of the word פרשה ‘parsha’ (as in the Torah parshot/portions) as a פרשה ‘parsha’ is a “spreading” out of an event/Scripture portion as dung is spread in a field.  Scripture alludes to the meeting together of believers whose focus is not on Messiah {ie. the Name/Character of God} (Malachi 2:3) and calls these feasts dung.  The purpose of the feasts/sabbaths is to reveal Messiah (Colossians 2:17), if He is not the focus then these celebrations are dung which He won’t “smell” (Amos 5:21; Isaiah 1:13-14).

If our meetings on the feasts/sabbaths are not done bringing forth God’s image of love…they are worthless, they are dung (Malachi 2:2-3).  If our interpretations and discussions of the Word don’t draw one closer to Messiah (the Word made flesh) then they are fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil which is the origin of idolatry.  Interestingly, in Deuteronomy 29:17, the word idol has a footnote in the 1611 Authorized Versions (KJV) of “dungy gods”. This is because the word in Hebrew is גללול ‘gillul’ which is speaking of dung. Perhaps this is why in 2 Kings 10:27 we see the house of Baal being made into a “draught house” by Jehu.

Further connecting this dung-idolatry-tree of knowledge concept is the Hebrew word צפוע ‘tsephua’ which means dung. The root of this word is צפע ‘tsepha’ which is translated as ‘cockatrice/adder’ in Scripture as the tongue “issues” out of the mouth of a serpent as dung “issues” out via excretion. In the beginning the “issue” out of the mouth of the serpent was to lead man away from their Creator, who is Messiah (Ephesians 3:9; 1 Corinthians 8:6; John 1:1-3; Colossians 1:12-17; Hebrews 1:1-12). When we meet to celebrate are we bringing forth the poison of the serpent (Psalm 58:3-4; 140:3; Romans 3:13; James 3:8) or are we issuing forth the life giving oracles of God (1 Peter 4:11)?

1Pe 4:11  If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

When we meet to discuss the Scriptures are we using the Word to bring forth accusations and condemnations of our fellow man or are we using the Word to edify one another, speaking the truth in love?  Are we meeting together to divide His house or are we meeting together to stand in His grace, mercy and forgiveness?

Musings – United We Stand Divided We Fall

The Lord Jesus warned believers of those who did not bring forth fruit after their “field” was given dung that their “tree” would be cut down (Luke 13:8-9). The “vineyard” that rejects Messiah Jesus and does not bring forth the fruit of His Word/Spirit will be destroyed (Matthew 21:33-43). This was also the warning of John the Baptist (Luke 3:8-9) {“Elijah message“}.  Yet, if we seek His Face at all times (1 Chronicles 16:11) we will see Jesus (Hebrews 1:3; 2 Corinthians 4:4-6) and we will not be unfruitful (2 Peter 1:4-9).

Musings – Seek His Face & The Golden Rule

When we gather together in holy convocations {קדשׁ  מקראי ‘miqrey qodesh}, the purpose is to declare His Word (Messiah Jesus) to the world.  The word מקראי ‘miqrey’ comes from the root קרא ‘qara’ which means to call out or proclaim the Word….to bring forth His image of love to the world.   These concepts are linked together as the name of God is His Word (Revelation 19:13; Matthew 12:18-21 – Isaiah 42:1-4; Revelation 14:1; 22:4; Deuteronomy 6:6-8).

The Word of God is His “physical manifestation” on earth.  When God “qara’d” He physically manifested Himself, and proclaimed who/what He is.  This is what the reading of the Word does.  The Word proclaims the Name of the Holy One, as it is said in Revelation 19:13, His Name (שם ‘shem’- character) is the Word.  This is what the purpose of the feasts is, to proclaim the name of the Most High.

Calling on His Name brings salvation and is associated with the physical manifestation of the Most High (Matthew 26:53; Jeremiah 29:10-14; Psalm 91:14-16; 86:7-9; 50:15, 23; 18:3; 55:16; Romans 10:12; Acts 2:21; 22:14-16; Joel 2:32; 1 Corinthians 1:2).  Jesus is THE image of God  (Hebrews 1:3; 2 Corinthians 4:4-6; Colossians 1:15-16) who is love (1 John 4:8).  He revealed God’s name/character to mankind (John 17:6).


Joh 17:6  I revealed Your name to the men whom You gave to Me out of the world. They were Yours, and You gave them to Me; and they have kept Your Word.

Both Passover & Easter are designed to proclaim the name of God.  This is not to say that all of the customs associated with these celebrations are holy and pure but the message of the death and resurrection of Messiah is.

The Word of God was committed to Israel, who was called to bring forth God’s glory/love to the world.  Instead, Israel fell into idolatry and was cast into the nations.  Judah was cast into Babylon but by God’s grace was allowed to return to the land with another opportunity to bring forth God’s message of love to the nations.  Instead, Judah chose to form a religion which corrupted the message of God’s Word and instead of man being formed into His image, they were to be formed into the image of Judaism.

Today, most Christians celebrate Easter but have mixed in some customs which are similar in nature to the idolatry which ancient Israel fell into.  Today, more and more Christians are returning to keeping Passover, but sadly, are falling into the same trap of ‘Phariseeism’ that Judah did in 2nd Temple times.  Both sides need to repent and seek to glorify God in their celebrations, not continue to feed their carnal natures whether that be chocolate Easter bunnies or pride and elitism.

The fruit which Israel was called to produce was the ‘goodly’ fruit of His Word (Jeremiah 11:16).  However, Israel did not produce this fruit but brought forth wicked fruit (Jeremiah 24:2-8).  As a result, God brought fire upon this olive tree, breaking the branches thereof (Jeremiah 11:16-17).

The Hebrew word for ‘goodly’ in Jeremiah 11:16 is תאר ‘toar’ which means a shape, form, outline or figure of a thing.   תאר ‘toar’ is a cognate of the word תורה ‘torah’ which literally means instruction which defines the border of a people or the ‘image’ of a people. תורה ‘torah’ is most commonly translated as ‘law.’  Here we see that Israel was to produce the fruit of His Law which would bring forth His image to the world.  His Image is that of love (1John 4:8, 16; Matthew 22:35-40).

Israel did not bring forth this image of love (Luke 7:36-47; 10:27-37; 18:9-14).  Although they were zealous for the law (Acts 21:20; 22:3), in their zealousness they corrupted its true meaning (Romans 10:2). They were outwardly religious, yet inwardly full of wickedness (Luke 11:39; 16:15; 20:47; Matthew 6:2-5, 16; 23:5, 25-27). They separated themselves from the peoples of the world, declaring anyone who didn’t worship God according to their traditions was an unclean heathen (John 4:9; 8:48; Acts 10:28).  Recall that zealousness is linked to leaven.

By their traditions they had put up a dividing wall between themselves and others (Acts 21:28; Ephesians 2:14-15), preventing them from drawing nearer to God (Luke 11:52) as Israel was the custodians of His Word (Romans 3:2; John 4:22) which reveals His nature to mankind.  It was their traditions which corrupted the Word of God (Matthew 15:2-9; Mark 7:3-13; Colossians 2:8) and perverted the message of His love to mankind, which led Jesus Christ to declare them as lawless (Matthew 23:28; John 7:19).  It is because of this lack of love (Matthew 5:22; John 15:25) that the Lord was sent to Israel to separate the good trees from the bad (Malachi 3:2-3; 4:1; Matthew 3:10-12; Luke 3:9; John 15:2).

The inheritance was taken away from the bad trees and given to a nation that would produce the fruit of love which the Lord desires (Matthew 21:33-46; Mark 12:1-12; 1 Peter 2:4-9; Galatians 3:1-29).   Believers in Messiah became a ‘reformed’ Olive tree and were given the call to abide in Him (Hebrews 3:1-6), being formed into His image (Philippians 3:14-15; Ephesians 1:1-6; 1:17-23), bearing forth His fruit (2 Peter 1:5-9), called to bring forth God’s Gospel of love to the world (2 Timothy 1:9-11), revealing His image (2 Thessalonians 1:11-12).

The Greek word for ‘calling is κλῆσις ‘klēsis’ which is used in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew word קרא ‘qara’ which, as mentioned above, is associated with manifesting God’s name/image on earth.

Will we fall into the same trap of 2nd Temple Jews and become fruitless/barren, walking in the letter of the law that brings death to the world, or will we walk in the Name/character of Messiah…bringing forth His love and salvation to the world?


easter shadow 3

Just as with Christmas and New Years, Easter  has some customs  which we are similar to customs of the heathen which Scripture warns us not to partake of (Jeremiah 10:2).  However, tracing these customs back to their source reveals they are founded upon the Truth of the Word, albeit some in a corrupted form.  In this study, I hope to share how the numerous “non-Biblical” elements of Easter are shadows which point to Christ Jesus.

Shadows of Messiah are seen in all creation which includes man and his holidays.  Man was created in the image of God (Genesis 1:26-27).  Hence, more than any other part of creation, shadow pictures of Messiah are seen in relation to mankind.  One aspect of man is his religions and religious ceremonies and holidays.


All holidays have some truth which is a gift of grace to all of mankind to draw us back to the Most High (2 Peter 3:9; 1 Timothy 2:4; 4:10), for He is the God of all.


The LORD our God uses the natural world to teach us spiritual principles.  This is why Passover & Easter are celebrated in the Spring where the earth comes back to life after the ‘death’ of winter.  The heathens perverted this truth, just as they have perverted many truths of Scripture.


If one takes a cursory glance of the myths of the heathen it appears as if the ancient pagans believed in fairy tales and were simpletons whom modern man can scoff and mock.  However, the more one looks into their beliefs the more one sees that their religion was based on the truth that the Holy Scriptures teach but became perverted throughout time and by the carnal mind.  The perversions of the truth seen in the mystery religions trace back to the Truth of the Word.  Whether you were born in modern times with the celebration of Easter being celebrated throughout the world or in ancient times where spring fertility rites and myths of dying and rising savior figures, all mankind has had the opportunity to see the concept of the death and resurrection of Messiah Jesus.

The LORD our God allowed this so that people would be able to come to the truth no matter what culture they grew up in {Deuteronomy 4:10}.  It is written in the heavens, it is seen in the cycles of the earth, it is written in the cellular structure of our bodies…all things point to the Messiah.


Just as with Christmas and New Years, Easter  has some customs  which we are similar to customs of the heathen we Scripture warns us not to partake of (Jeremiah 10:2).  However, tracing these customs back to their source reveals they are founded upon the Truth of the Word found in nature.


In Catholic belief, the mass originates from the Last Supper held between Messiah and His disciples which is said to have occurred on Good Friday.  In reality, this was a Passover meal but it is interesting to note that the word ‘mass’ traces back to the Hebrew word מצה ‘matsa’ which means unleavened bread.

The mass is called the Eucharist which comes from the Greek word εὐχαριστία ‘eucharistia’ which means to give thanks.  This is linked to the Lamb.

Rev 7:9  After these things I saw, and behold, a great crowd which no one was able to number them, out of every nation, even tribes and peoples and tongues, standing in front of the throne, and before the Lamb, having been clothed with white robes, and in their hands palm branches.
Rev 7:10  And they cry with a great voice, saying, Salvation to our God sitting on the throne, and to the Lamb.
Rev 7:11  And all the angels and of the elders and of the four living creatures stood around the throne. And they fell before the throne on their faces, and worshiped God,
Rev 7:12  saying, Amen. Blessing and glory and wisdom and thanksgiving and honor and power and strength to our God forever and ever. Amen.


The word ἀρνίον ‘arnion’ (lamb) is used 30 times in Scripture.  This corresponds to the letter ל ‘lamed’ in Hebrew which speaking of the goad or staff of the Shepherd.  ל ‘lamed’ is also the 12th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, linking to the twelve tribes of Israel, His flock.


It is interesting to note that the original name of the letter was לם ‘lam’ which is also speaking of the relationship between a Shepherd and His sheep.  It is no surprise that the origin of the English word ‘lamb’ would then come from this Hebrew word.  The word למד ‘lamed’ comes from this root and means to teach or make disciples.


The Hebrew word יהודה ‘yehudah’ or Jew also has the numerical value of 30.


Rom 2:28  For he is not a Jew that is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that outwardly in flesh;
Rom 2:29  but he is a Jew that is one inwardly, and circumcision is of heart, in spirit, not in letter; of whom the praise is not from men, but from God.


יהודה ‘yehudah’ comes from the Hebrew root ידה ‘yadah’ which means to raise the hands in confession, giving thanks or praise.


1Jn 4:2  By this know the Spirit of God: every spirit which confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God.


1Jn 4:15  Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in him, and he in God.


In Greek ‘confession’ comes from the word  means ὁμολογέω ‘homologeō’ which literally means ‘joined to the Word.’  To ‘cleave’ to Him.  One of the Hebrew words for flock is דבר ‘davar’ which also means ‘word’ in Hebrew.  This is speaking of the ordering of the sheep by the Shepherd (Micah 2:12).


Going back to the mass, מצה ‘matsa’ connection.  Recall, the mass is called the Eucharist.  The eucharist is also known as ‘communion.’  The word communion in Greek is κοινωνία ‘koinōnia’ which means fellowship or union.  Unity comes only through Christ and the New Covenant in Him (Psalm 50:5; Isaiah 49:3-9; Hebrews 2:11; 13:20-21; Jeremiah 50:5; Ephesians 2:15; Colossians 1:20; 2:1-11) and walking with Him (1 John 1:3-7).


1Co 10:16  The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion {κοινωνία ‘koinōnia’} of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?
1Co 10:17  For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.


The Hebrew counterpart of κοινωνία ‘koinonia’ is the word חבר ‘chabar’ which is the word used for the joining together of the Tabernacle.  Communion then is the fellowship that believers have which makes them one.  חבר ‘chabar’ has the meaning of something that is bound together.  Even more interesting is that the word for stripes is חבורה  ‘chaburah,’ as in the stripes on מצה ‘matsa’ and on back of Messiah comes from this root חבר ‘chabar.’


Isa 53:5  But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes {חבורה  ‘chaburah’} we are healed.



Php 2:1  If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship {κοινωνία ‘koinōnia’} of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies,
Php 2:2  Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be likeminded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind.


Luk 24:30  And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them.
Luk 24:35  And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.


Joh 17:21  That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.
Joh 17:22  And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:
Joh 17:23  I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me.


Communion/unity comes through the New Covenant in Messiah and unites those who celebrate Passover with those who celebrate Easter if both sides are doing these things in ‘remembrance’ of Him (Luke 22:19; 1 Corinthians 11:24-25).

Musings – Easter & Passover

As believers, the main objective in our walks is to grow in maturity as a body until the days that we meet the Lord at His return.  This maturation or perfecting process is intimately linked to unity.  In fact, the main goal of unity is the preparation unto perfection of the bride of Christ to meet the Bridegroom (Matthew 5:48; Romans 12:2; 1 Corinthians 13:9-13; Ephesians 4:11-13; Philippians 3:14-15; Colossians 1:28; 3:14; 4:12; Romans 10:4; Psalm 119:1; Luke 1:17; Revelation 19:7-8; Ephesians 5:25-27).  This is done through love (Colossians 3:14; 1 Corinthians 13:9-13; Romans 13:10; 1 John 4:10, 12, 16; 5:3).


The primary theme of Easter is resurrection and life which point to Christ.  This is seen in the etymology and symbology of Easter, easter eggs and rabbits etc.


The East



Some believe Easter comes from the word ‘Eostre’ which is believed to have been the name of the goddess of the rising sun in the Spring.  This claim has very little legitimacy but the connection between “Easter” and the “east” is valid.

The etymology of the word Easter points to the sun rising in the East which is a picture of the resurrection of Christ.

Easter has connections to the German language.  Some even call German the “Mother Tongue” of English.  The German word for “Easter” is “Ostern” which goes back to the German words ‘Osten’/’Ost’ which mean “east”.   ‘Oster’ comes from the old Teutonic form of ‘auferstehen/auferstehung,’ which mean resurrection, which in the older Teutonic form comes from two words, ‘Ester’ meaning first, and ‘stehen’ meaning to stand.  These two words combine to form ‘erstehen’ which is an old German form of ‘auferstehen,’ the modern day German word for resurrection.

Douglas Harper (The Online Etymology Dictionary) connects Easter to the Proto-Germanic word is ‘austron’ which means the dawn or to shine.  The root of ‘austron’ is ‘aust’ which means East.  The English word ‘east’ connects back to this same word ‘aust.’  Going back further is the Latin word for dawn which is ‘aurora’ and the Greek word αὔριον ‘aurion’ which means morning.  All of these words trace back to the Hebrew word אור ‘ohr’ which means light.

The English word ‘east’ also traces back to the Hebrew word אש ‘esh’ which means fire or a strong pressing.  It is in the East that the sun (fire) rises each day which is a picture of the resurrection.

Others believe Easter traces back to the goddess Ishtar.  This claim has even less legitimacy but for the purpose of understanding we will look at the name Ishtar.

Ishtar comes from the Hebrew word עשתרת ‘ashtaroth’ which means a star from the word עשתרה ‘ashterah’ which means a flock.  These two concepts are connected.  If one looks at the names of the pagan gods one will find they almost always connect back to concrete meanings found in the Hebrew language.

Lamb Star connection

Psa 8:1  To the chief musician, on the harp. A Psalm of David. O Jehovah, our Lord, how majestic is Your name in all the earth; You have set Your glory above (על ‘al’ – above/on/upon) the heavens!

His Glory is seen in the heavens…What is the Glory of the LORD?  The Lamb of God (Revelation 21:23).  The Hebrew word for Glory is כבוד ‘kavod’ which comes from the root כב ‘kab’ which means a star:

עשתרה ‘ashterah’ also traces back to the root אש ‘esh’ which means fire as mentioned above and is the source of the English word East.




The entire month of April was formerly called “easter-monadh.”  The English word ‘April’ comes from the Latin ‘mensis Aprilis’ which means month of Venus.  In Old English the month was called ‘Eastermonao’ which means Easter month.  From the Old French ‘avril’ which traces back to the Latin ‘Aprilis’ which means Venus.


The Hebrew word for Venus is נגה ‘nagah ‘which means to shine and is the source of the Latin word ‘ignis’ which means to ignite or fire, which connects to the East.  The word ‘East’ comes from the Hebrew word אש ‘esh’  which means fire.  Venus is known as the morning star from its appearing in the eastern sky just before sunrise.


Each day when the sun rises it is a picture of the resurrection (Malachi 4:2). In Hebrew the word for dawn is שחר ‘shachar’ from the root שח ‘shach’ which means the pit.  When the sun sets it is a picture of death/going into the pit, when it arises it is a picture of resurrection.


Venus is the bright and morning star.


Isaac Mozeson traces the Etymology of Venus back to the Hebrew word לבן ‘lavan’ which means white or shining.  White is associated with beauty and pureness as well as the resurrection of the righteous.  לבן ‘lavan’  is also the Hebrew word for the moon.  It is no surprise then that Venus is pictured with moon iconography.


Who is the true bright and morning star?  Christ Jesus.


Rev 22:16  I, Jesus, sent My angel to testify these things to you over the assemblies. I am the Root and Offspring of David, the bright and morning Star.


The Greek word for morning is ὀρθρινός ‘orthrinos’ which is used in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew word שכם ‘shakam’ which means the shoulder, but also to arise early (Genesis 22:3).   This word is linked to the resurrection.

The Hebrew word for shoulder is שכם ‘shekhem’ is linked to the resurrection as the word literally means to rise early and place a load on the shoulders in order to depart.


Isa 22:22  And the key of the house of David I will lay on his shoulder, so that he opens, and no one shuts; and he shuts, and no one opens.

Rev 3:7  And to the angel of the assembly in Philadelphia, write: These things says the Holy One, the True One, the One having “the key of David,” “the One opening, and no one shuts; and shuts, and no one opens:” Isa. 22:22


Luk 1:78  Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,

Luk 1:79  To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.

Luk 1:80  And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his shewing unto Israel.


In Luke 1:78 the dayspring/daystar is translated from the Greek word ἀνατολή ‘anatolē’which also is translated as East (Matthew 2:1-2,9; 8:11; 24:24; Luke 13:29; Revelation 7:2; 21:12-13).


ἀνατολή ‘anatolē’ is also used in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew words מזרח ‘mizrach’ and קדם ‘qedem’ which mean the rising sun in the East as well as נגה ‘nogah’ which means shining and also is the Hebrew word for Venus.  Interestingly, ἀνατολή  is also used to translate the Hebrew word צמח ‘tsemach’ which means a branch, used specifically in reference to Messiah.


It is interesting to note that the BRANCH is used 5 times in Scripture {Isaiah 4:2; Jeremiah 23:5-6; 33:15-16; Zechariah 3:8-10; 6:12-13}.  Venus is linked to the number five as its rotation through the skies makes a pentagon shape.  From a fixed location over an eight year period (8 is the number of resurrection), the planet Venus travels a unique celestial pathway that exactly portrays a pentagram.


“As the orbi of Venus is closer to the sun than the earth’s position, she is never seen more than 48 degrees from the sun.  During a period of 247 days, Venus is visible as the Evening star that is, withing 48 degrees or less of the sun after the sun has set.  Then Venus comes too close to the sun for us to see her.  She remains invisible for 14 days, then reappears as the Morning star (or Eastern star) immediately before the sun rises in the east….Only Venus possesses the five-pointed star sign.”  {Carl Ljungman- Dictionary of Symbols}



The pentagram mathematically depicts the Fibonacci pattern which is intimately linked with life.

The Greek word for five is πέντε ‘pente’ from whence comes the word pentagram.  The pentagram mathematically depicts the Fibonacci pattern.


Take a pentagon with 5 equal sides and connect all the points to form a 5-pointed star.  The ratios of the lengths of the resulting line segments are all based on phi.



5 is the 5th Fibonacci number

5 is also the 5th of the Fibonacci numbers, including 0, 1, 2, 3, and 5.

5 appears in the human body, which has proportions based on phi

Another interesting aspect of phi and five is in relation to the design of the human body, which in addition to being based on phi relationships in its proportions, has:

* 5 appendages from the torso, in the two arms, two legs and a head,

* 5 appendages on each of legs and arms in the five fingers and five toes,

* 5 openings on the face, and

* 5 senses in sight, sound, touch, taste and smell.


The Gospel is connected with flesh. Where is the first reference to flesh? The union of Adam and Eve…a picture of Jesus and His Bride becoming one is  the fulfillment of the Good News.


Gen 2:21  And Jehovah God caused a deep sleep to fall on the man, and he slept. And He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh underneath.

Gen 2:22  And Jehovah God formed the rib which He had taken from the man into a woman, and brought her to the man.

Gen 2:23  And the man said, This now at last is bone from my bones, and flesh from my flesh. For this shall be called Woman, because this has been taken out of man.

Gen 2:24  Therefore, a man shall leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave to his wife and they shall become one flesh

Eph 5:30  For we are members of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones.

Eph 5:31  “For this, a man shall leave his father and mother, and shall be joined to his wife, and the two shall be one flesh.” Gen. 2:24


Eph 5:32  The mystery is great, but I speak as to Christ and as to the assembly.


The rib of Adam from whence his bride came out is linked to the number 5 which connects to the 5th day of creation and life.


חמשׁ ‘chamesh’ is used to translate multiple terms in Hebrew.  It is used for the number five/fifty, the hand, to be armed and the side of the body (fifth rib).


The ‘fifth rib’






This word is used in the following verses: 2Samuel 2:23; 3:27; 4:6; 20:10


Messiah was wounded in the side (‘the fifth rib’).


Joh 19:34  But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a lance, and at once blood and water came out.


Adam’s bride came forth from his rib/side (Genesis 2:22) which is a picture of Messiah’s bride ‘coming forth’ when He offered Himself as an atonement to bring us back to God.  Interestingly, the year of Jubilee, which occurs every 50 (חמשים ‘chamashim’) years (Leviticus 25:10-13) began on the Day of Atonement.  The great trumpet (Isaiah 27:13) will be blown and those resurrected in the 1st resurrection will receive their inheritance in the land.  This is interesting because the shofar is in the Fibonacci sequence which the pattern the Most High uses in His creation of life.  The Fibonacci sequence is encoded with the number 5.


“For millennia, people have enjoyed the sight of the “evening star” shining brightly in the western sky shortly after sunset. Outshining all other stars, this remarkable beacon seems to brighten to unbelievable glory as twilight fades to night. It rises higher night after night and then stops and begins to sink lower each evening until it vanishes below the horizon. Sometime later, it reappears just before sunrise in the eastern sky as the bright “morning star.” {The Solar System: Venus – Jason Lisle}


The word for ‘spiral’ (as in Fibonacci spiral) traces back to the Latin word ‘spira’ which means a spiral or coil which comes from the Greek word ‘speira’ which traces further back to the Hebrew word צפירה ‘tsephiyrah’ which has the meaning of the morning sunrise as well as the turning of a wreath. צפירה ‘tsephiyrah’ comes from the root word צפר ‘tsaphar’ which means a bird, in particular the song of the birds in the morning.


There are numerous words in Hebrew for birds and the different types thereof, the most common is צפר ‘tsaphar’ which is referring to the early morning appearance of birds.


Morning is a time of praise (הלל ‘halel’). This is interesting to note as Scripture speaks of Venus as Helel {הילל ‘Heylel’} the “son of the morning” {שחר ‘shachar’}.


This word הילל ‘Heylel’ is translated as ‘lucifer’ in the Latin Vulgate. The only other place ‘lucifer’ is seen in the Vulgate is in 2 Peter 1:19, speaking of the day star, the Messiah.  Lucifer has become synonymous with satan as a counterfeiter which is seen in the Mystery religion symbology of the planet Venus and pentagram symbol.


2Pe_1:19 et habemus firmiorem propheticum sermonem cui bene facitis adtendentes quasi lucernae lucenti in caliginoso loco donec dies inlucescat et lucifer oriatur in cordibus vestris


בן שחר ‘ben shachar’ – son of the morning


Psa 108:2  Awake, harp and lyre! I will awake early {שחר ‘shachar’– dawn}


This is the period of time that the sun is at the horizon, the time when birds sing their songs of praise to their Creator. At evening, when the sun is at the horizon again, the birds sing their songs as well.


Psa 65:8  They also that dwell in the uttermost parts are afraid at thy tokens: thou makest the outgoings of the morning and evening to rejoice.


The morning and evening is a period of time when light and darkness are separating. This points back to Genesis 1:2-5. It is no surprise then that birds are intimately linked to this time. The Spirit of God hovering over the waters in the beginning is likened to a bird hovering over her brood.  The Spirit of God hovering over the waters is also connected to the Voice of God over the waters which brought forth light from darkness. It is interesting to note that the numerical value of “voice of God” {קול יהוה ‘qol Yahweh’} is 182, which is the mathematical value of the Fibonacci pattern.


The English word ‘sound,’ which began at this time, comes from the Old English word ‘swan’ meaning a sounding bird.


Morning and evening our Creator is calling us to Him.  Calling us to the shadow of His wings.  Calling us back to Him through the Messiah under His outstretched arms.


The meaning of ὁρίζω ‘horizo’ is linked with the above definition of ‘mark.’  It means to mark out a boundary.  The English word horizon comes from this Greek word.


This word obviously links to the sun as it is the horizon where the sun rises and sets.  It further linked to ‘predestination’ as we are chosen before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4).  In Hebrew this is the concept of עלם ‘olam’ which is usually translated as forever or eternity but in concrete thought means ‘beyond the horizon.’


The word for time in Hebrew, עת ‘et,’ means to ‘see the mark.’


What is this ‘mark’?  It is the sun setting (death) and rising (resurrection) above the horizon.


It is no surprise then that the pentagram symbol is linked to the mark of the beast.




Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays part 1

Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays part 2

Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays – Examine Yourself

Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays – Pagan Christianity?

Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays – Alexander Hislop

Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays – Ralph Woodrow

Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays – Pagan Parallels

Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays – Church Fathers & Paganism

Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays – Constantine

Hebrew Roots of Christian Holidays – Origins of Christian Holidays





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