Daily Tidbits 3/6/12 – Voting

“If the citizens neglect their duty and place unprincipled men in office, the government will soon be corrupted; laws will be made not for the public good so much as for the selfish or local purposes.” –Daniel Webster

“When you become entitled to exercise the right of voting for public officers, let it be impressed on your mind that God commands you for rulers just men who will rule in the fear of God. The preservation of a republican government depends on the faithful discharge of this duty.” — Noah Webster

In 2012, March 6th is ‘Super Tuesday’ named because of the amount of states that are going to be voting in the primaries.  This year, people in Alaska, Georgia, Idaho, Massachusetts, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Vermont and Virginia will be voting.

To vote in Hebrew is בחר ‘bachar’ which means to choose or elect.  בחר ‘bachar’ comes from the root בח ‘bach’ which means the point of a sharp instrument.  The English word ‘pick’ comes from action of breaking up ground or selecting or choosing.  This word traces back to the Hebrew word פוק ‘puq’ which is speaking of the breaking up of the ground around a riverbank.  The Hebrew word for appoint, as in an overseer, is פקד ‘paqad’ which comes from this root.

The word פקע ‘paqa,’ which comes from פק ‘paq,’ is speaking of a gourd which connects to the next Hebrew word which is related to the English word ‘vote.’  The English word ‘vote’ is linked to the Hebrew word בטח ‘betach’ which has the meaning of certainty, security, trust, or hope.  In the natural, this concept is pictured by a melon whose fruit clings to the vine.

To vote also traces back to the Hebrew word עבט ‘avat’ which means to pledge, to loan or swear.  The English word ‘affidavit’ or to make an oath or swear comes from this Hebrew word עבט ‘avat.’  Affidavit comes from the Middle Latin ‘ad’ meaning ‘to’ and ‘fidere’ meaning ‘trust.’  ‘Fidere’ is linked to the Latin word ‘vadis’ which means to make a pledge and the German ‘wetten’ which also means to pledge.  The Anglo-Saxon word ‘weddian’ means to make a pledge and is the source of our English word ‘wedding.’

To loan connects to the Hebrew word לוה ‘lavah’ which means to join, lend, borrow, and abide.  This the origin of the Hebrew name ‘Levi’ which means to join (Genesis 29:34).

This is interesting to note as the English word ‘government’ traces back to the Hebrew word כהן ‘kahan’ which means a priest, of which the Levites were.

The Greek word for vote or choose is αἵρεσις ‘hairesis’ which also means to select as in a sect.  αἵρεσις comes from the Hebrew word חרות ‘charot’ which has the meaning to wait or hope for.

The English word vote is also related to the Latin word ‘votes’ which is translated as ‘prophet.’  A prophet is one who speaks.  Voting is giving your voice.

The noun ‘vote’ is used to translate three Hebrew words one of which is קול ‘qol.’  קול ‘qol’ means voice, literally the voice of the Shepherd.

The English word ‘republic’ which is the form of government of United States of America, not democracy as is commonly espoused comes from the French word ‘republique’ which traces back to the Latin word ‘republica’ which literally means ‘res’ affair or matter and ‘publica’ meaning the people.  This is represented in the Hebrew as קהל ‘qahal’ which means an assembly of people from the root קל ‘qol.’

Joh 10:16  And I have other sheep which are not of this fold. I must also lead those, and they will hear My voice; and there will be one flock, one Shepherd.

Messiah unifies His flock by the Word.  It is amazing to note that the English word ‘constitution’ which represents the Word in the natural realm of American government comes from the Hebrew word כנס ‘kanas’ which means a gathering of people into one place.

The noun ‘vote’ in English traces back to the Hebrew word בית ‘bayit’ which means house.  This further connects to the above concept of קל ‘qol’ as the two flocks which the Good Shepherd is gathering are the Jew and Gentile.

A Republic is based upon the Governmental system found in the Bible.
“The essense of our now weakened Christianity is self-discipline, as preached and practised by Christ Jesus.  Those who can thus govern themselves have little need of managerial government.  So, when America gloried in being a Christian people, it was possible to replace the domination of the British monarchy by a system in which the greater part of all governmental activities were localized.  The ‘determination’, in Madison’s memorable words, was ‘to rest all our political experiments on the capacity of mankind for self government’.  {The Christian History of the Constitution of the United States of America – Verna Hall pg IX}

“Whence, then, did the ideas basic to American government originally emanate, and to what source must we look for a simple clarification of its original purpose?  To ask these questions should be to answer them.  The New Testament is the wellspring from which our political thought derives and the idealistic goal of that thinking was a political and social system actively conductive to Christian practise.  As the contemporary historian of Plymouth Plantation wrote, the motive of those who sailed on the Mayflower was their ‘great hope and inward zeal…for propagating and advancing the Gospel of the Kingdom of Christ in those remote parts of the world.’” {The Christian History of the Constitution of the United States of America – Verna M. Hall pg VIII}

2Co 3:17  Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

Joh 8:32  And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

“As Men was have God for our King, and are under the Law of Reason: as Christians, we have Jesus the Messiah for our King, and are under the Law reveal’d by him in the Gospel.” {John Locke, ‘The Reasonableness of Christianity’}


“This nation has in its keeping ‘the last word in human political institutions,’ – the Republican form of Government…transformation of society, which began when Christianity – the basis of the good, permanent, and progressive in modern civilization – first appeared in the world.  At that time, social order rested on the assumed natural inequality of men.  The individual was regarded as of value only as he formed a part of the political fabric, and was able to contribute to its uses, as though it were the end of his being to aggrandize the State.  This was the pagan idea of man.  The wisest philosophers of antiquity could not rise above it.  Its influence imbued the pagan world.  The State regarded as of paramount importance, not the man, but the citizen whose physical and intellectual forces it absorbed…This low view of man was exerting its full influence when Rome was at the height of its power and glory.  Christianity then appeared with its central doctrine, that man was created in the Divine image, and destined for immortality; pronouncing, that, in the eye of God, all men are equal.  This asserted for the individual an independent value.  It occasioned the great inference, that man is superior to the State, which out to be fashioned for his use.  This was the advent of a new spirit and a new power in the world.  The struggle between the pagan and Christian elements was severe…Its {paganism/socialism} embodiment in arbitrary power, both in ecclesiastical and political affairs, continued to oppress and benumb the intellect, until the Reformation roused a spirit of activity in the bosom of the Church.  The new life thus started in the domain of religion soon communicated itself to other provinces…There then rose, above the low level of a corrupt political world, a class of thinkers who grasped the idea that the State ought to exist for man; that justice, protection, and the common good, ought to be the aim of government…Among them were John Milton, imbued with the very spirit of the Reformation, who defended the noble thesis, that freedom is the native right of man, and gave the world a mighty and still unsurpassed plea for liberty of utterance; John Locke…was so successful in catching and expressing the liberal spirit of his age, in his work on Civil Government, that it became the platform of a great political party, and gradually widened out into an influence that operate far beyond the though or theory of its adherents…”  {The Christian History of the Constitution of the United States of America – Verna Hall pg 1 Excerpts from The Rise of the Republic of the United States – Richard Frothingham}

The Christian History of the Constitution of the United States of America – Verna Hall pg 27 excerpts from The Puritans and their Principles – Edwin Hall

“It is remarkable how men of comprehensive views, and free from sectarian bias, have agreed with regard to THE REPUBLICANISM OF CHRISTIANITY. ‘Christianity,’ says Montesquieu, ‘is a strange to despotic power.’  ‘The religion,’ says De Tocqueville, ‘which declares that all are equal in the sight of God, will not refuse to acknolwedge that all citizens are equal in the eye of the law.  Religion is the companion of liberty in all its battles and all its conflicts; the cradle of its infancy and the divine source of its claims.’  The friends of libert in France are accustomed to speak in enthusiastic commendation of the REPUBLICANISM of the Scriptures.’  The Abbe’ de la Mennais, acknowledged as one of the most powerful minds in Europe, little as he regards Christianity as a revelation from God, familiarly speaks of its Author as ‘THE GREAT REPUBLICAN.’  Our own De Witt Clinton said, ‘Christianity, in its essence, its doctrines, and its forms, is republican.’

“The tendency of the true Gospel principles is to bring the most absolute despotism under the limits of law; to imbue limited monarchies more and more with the spirit of popular institutions; to prepare the people to govern themselves; and finally to establish everywhere the spirit and the reality, if not the very forms of a republic.

“Let us turn once more to the republican features of the churches organized by the Apostles.  These churches had officers, which were to be regarded and observed, in their proper sphere, as much as the officers of any other republic.  But the manner of their ruling was to to be as ‘Lords over God’s heritage’; ‘Whosoever will be chief among you’, said the Saviour, ‘let him be your servant.’

“The Apostles themselves gave several striking illustrations of their regard for popular rights.  The first public act of the Church, after our Lord’s ascension, was the choice of an Apostle in the place of Judas.  Peter stands up in the midst of the disciples – the number of names together was about on hundred and twenty – and proposes the matter.  The election is made by the body of the Church…

“The accurate historian Mosheim thus states the conclusions to which his own mind came after a most thorough investigation.  ‘In these primitive times,…the highest authority was in the people, or the whole body of Christians; for even the Apostles themselves inculcated by their example, that nothing of moment was to be done or determined but with the knowledge and consent of the brotherhood.’…’The people did everything that is proper for those in whom the supreme power of the community is vested.’

The Christian History of the Constitution of the United States of America – Verna M. Hall pg 251
“…the form of civil government here established was simply an extension to the domain of secular affairs of the principles already adopted in religious matters – the mutual covenant and agreement of those associated, as under God the ultimate law.”

Colonists envision a country founded on ‘The Christian idea of Man.’ 349, 359

“The Declaration embodied the doctrine of the fundamental equality of the race, and thus clothed abstract truth with vitalizing power.  Its mighty sentences aver as self-evident ‘that all men are created equal: that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that to secure these rights governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive to these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it and institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as shall to them seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.’

“This American theory, expressed, ‘in words the memory of which can never die.’  It includes far more than it expresses; for by recognizing human equality and brotherhood, and the individual as the unit of society, it accepts the Christian idea of man as the basis of political institutions.”

The Christian History of the Constitution of the United States of America – Verna M. Hall pg 372

“The highest glory of the American Revolution, said John Quincy Adams, was this: it connected, in one indissoluble bond, the principles of civil government with the principles of Christianity…” {The Pulpit of the American Revolution – J. Wingate Thornton}

Christ unifies His flock by the Word.  It is amazing to note that the English word ‘constitution’ which represents the Word in the natural realm of American government comes from the Hebrew word כנס ‘kanas’ which means a gathering of people into one place.

Jer 3:14  Return, O apostate sons, declares Jehovah; for I am Lord over you. And I will take you, one from a city, and two from a family, and I will bring you to Zion.
Jer 3:15  And I will give you shepherds according to My heart, who will feed you with knowledge and understanding.

1Pe 5:1  I, a fellow elder, exhort the elders among you, I being also witness of the sufferings of Christ, and being sharer of the glory about to be revealed:
1Pe 5:2  Shepherd the flock of God among you, exercising oversight, not by compulsion, but willingly; nor eagerly for base gain, but readily;
1Pe 5:3  nor as exercising lordship over the ones allotted to you, but becoming examples of the flock.
1Pe 5:4  And at the appearing of the Chief Shepherd, you will receive the never fading crown of glory.

There are also wicked shepherds/pastors who claim to lead and guide by the Word, ie politicians who claim to uphold the Constitution, but in action handle the Word deceitfully for base gain.

Mat 15:13  But answering, He said, Every plant which My heavenly Father has not planted shall be rooted up.
Mat 15:14  Leave them alone. They are blind leaders of the blind; and if the blind lead the blind, both will fall into a pit.
2Co 4:2  But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God.
Isa 56:10  His watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber.
Isa 56:11  Yea, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter.
Isa 56:12  Come ye, say they, I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, and much more abundant.
2Pe 2:1  But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
2Pe 2:2  And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.
2Pe 2:3  And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.

The English word government traces back to the Hebrew word כהן ‘kahan’ which means priest and comes from the root כן ‘kun’ which has the meaning of the base of a tree, the support of the community.  Here the connection to voting is seen as voting is associated with being grafted into a vine, as mentioned above in the word בטח ‘betach.’

Priests are messengers/ambassadors of their King who are to interpret and implement the law (Malachi 2:6).  In the United States government, the ‘priests’ are those who are elected into the 3 branches of government.  They are to protect and preserve the Constitution, which was based upon the Word.

Isa 33:22  For Jehovah is our judge; Jehovah is our lawgiver; Jehovah is our king; He will save us.

Judicial branch – For God is our judge
Legislative branch – God is our lawgiver
Executive branch – God is our king

This governmental system if found upon the command in Deuteronomy to appoint judges and officers in all the gates (gates in Hebrew is referring to government).

Deu 16:18  You shall appoint judges and officers for yourself in all your gates which Jehovah your God gives you, tribe by tribe. And they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.

It was the charge of the Levites, the priests, to break down and set up again the Tabernacle (house) when the pillar of cloud went up.  This was done according to the will of God (Numbers 9:18).  As seen in the study on the names of the leaders of the United States, the LORD is in control of who is elected, and when ‘a house’ changes.  He also uses the names of these people to proclaim His Word, His Name.

In summary, voting is related to man speaking his voice and fulfilling the Biblical command to appoint leaders in the gates of his land.  When one votes, he is pledging his support to a candidate and is linking himself to that person as a fruit that clings to the vine.  The elected officials of America are to uphold the Constitution which is based upon the Word.  The duty of those who vote is to make sure they are appointing leaders who do so, otherwise they are aligning with a strange vine (Jeremiah 2:21).  There should be no vote for the ‘lesser of two evils’ for in doing so one is still aligning themselves with evil.

Related Studies:

Daily Tidbits 1/3/12 – Iowa Caucus

blessing 4



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