Daily Tidbits 3/23 – 1st Month Aviv/Nisan


The first month of the year is known as אביב ‘aviv’ (Abib)

Exo 23:15 You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I have commanded you, at the set time of the month of Abib. For in it you came out from Egypt, and they shall not appear before Me empty.

Deu 16:1 Observe the month Abib, and perform the Passover to Jehovah your God. For in the month of Abib Jehovah your God brought you out of Egypt by night.

Here we see that אביב ‘aviv’ means something new, which continues the next generation.

אביב ‘aviv’ comes from root אב ‘av’:


Here again we see that the word אביב ‘aviv’ is tracing back to something new or fresh and something that continues. This is connected to the calendar in that Spring is the new/fresh start of the year, continuing the cycle of the years anew. Just as the word indicates. Interesting, the pictograph means a pole. In order to find the equinoxes in ancient times a pole was used.


אביב ‘aviv’ comes from the root אב ‘av’ (Father).  אביב ‘aviv’ is referring to the next generation of the crop which came from the parent.  אביב ‘aviv’ points to the Messiah who came forth from the Father (John 8:42; 16:28) and His body that comes forth from Him (John 17:18; 20:21).

Total KJV Occurrences: 8
abib, 6
Exo_13:4, Exo_23:15, Exo_34:18 (2), Deu_16:1 (2)
ear, 1
ears, 1

This word occurs 8 times in the Scriptures, this number points to Messiah.

Jesus in Greek = 888

888 is also equivalent to the Hebrew phrases ישועת אלהנו ‘yeshot elohaynu’ (Salvation of our God) and השמים מספרים כבוד אל ‘hashamayim misparim kavod El’ (The heavens declare the Glory of God)

The phrase “the heavens declare the Glory of God” is found in Psalm 19:1 which describes the circuit (תקופה ‘tequfah’/equinox) of the sun.
Sun – 8 – Connection
The word for 8 in Hebrew is:
This comes from the root:
The root of 8 comes from שם ‘shem’ (name/character) which is the same root as sun שמש ‘shemesh.’
Further connecting the sun & the number eight is the word oil.  The Holy Spirit is likened to oil (1Samuel 16:13; Zechariah 4:2-3; Revelation 4:5).  The sun moves upon the spirit/wind (Ecclesiastes 1:5-6).
רח is the root of the word רוח ‘ruach’ which means the Spirit.  The sun’s cycle makes an interesting form when it moves throughout the sky during the year.  This phenomenon is known as the ‘analemma.’  If you photographed the sun once a week at the same time of day for an entire year, you would have a photo of the analemma, the sun’s apparent path on the sky over the course of a year, which looks like a figure-eight.

The Sun is moving in a continual ‘figure eight’ path.

אביב ‘aviv’ is the first month of the year in the Biblical Calendar (Exodus 12:2).  אביב ‘aviv’ happens after the sun makes it’s full revolution/circuit (תקופה ‘tequfah’) which is seen in the analemma figure above.  Hence, the new year (אביב ‘aviv’) starts when the figure eight is complete.

The sowing and harvest cycle of ancient Israel was based upon the movements of the heavenly bodies.
“The use of constellations, along with the solar cycle, coordinating the rising and the setting of the sun with a given star or group of stars was exactly the way Adam, Noah, and Abraham also times their planting and harvest seasons.”  {Wheel of the Stars – Andrew Gabriel Roth pg 61}

Philo – On Creation 1:116
(116) And the sun, the ruler of the day, making two equinoxes every year, both in spring and autumn. The spring equinox in the constellation of Aries, and the autumnal one in Libra, gives the most evident demonstration possible of the divine dignity of the number seven. For each of the equinoxes takes place in the seventh month, at which time men are expressly commanded by law to celebrate the greatest and most popular and comprehensive festivals; since it is owing to both these seasons, that all the fruits of the earth are engendered and brought to perfection; the fruit of corn, and all other things which are sown, being owing to the vernal equinox; and that of the vine, and of all the other plants which bear hard berries, of which there are great numbers, to the autumnal one.

Aviv, the Covenant, and signs/seals
When God cut the covenant with Abraham on Passover, He walked between the pieces of the sacrificed animals as a burning torch.  In ancient times when a covenant was cut, the two covenant partners walked through the halves of the split animal(s) in a ‘figure eight’.  They would lay each half to the side of each other and stand in between the two bloody halves of flesh, with their backs to each other. Then they would walk right through the bloody halves, making a figure eight, and come back to a stop facing each other.

This links back to the analemma and the sun as it was a fiery torch that passed through the pieces, or made the figure eight.  This shows that the movement of the sun through the sky is a constant reminder of the covenant.  This is seen in Jeremiah 31:31-37; 33:14-26)

Gen 15:17  And it happened, the sun had gone down, and it was dark. Behold! A smoking furnace and a torch of fire that passed between those pieces!

Circumcision, a sign of the covenant, is made on the 8th day (Genesis 17:11-14).
Rom 4:11  And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:

Circumcision pictures baptism & resurrection (Ezekiel 11:19-20; 36:26-27; Romans 2:29; Colossians 2:11-13)

What is the faith that Abraham had?
Gen 15:5  And He brought him outside and said, Look now at the heavens and count the stars, if you are able to count them. And He said to him, So shall your seed be.
Gen 15:6  And he believed in Jehovah. And He counted it to him for righteousness.

Notice that Abraham’s faith was in the Word of God, revealed through the stars being as His Seed.
In Hebrew, Astronomy is תכונה ‘tekunah.’

תכונה ‘tekunah’ is only used one time in the Scriptures:
Job 23:3  Oh that I knew where I might find Him, I would come into His seat {תכונה ‘tekunah’};

This is speaking of the Throne of God.

Keil and Delitszch commentary
If he but knew how to reach Him (God), could attain to His throne; תְּכוּנָה signifies the setting up, i.e., arrangement (Eze_43:11) or establishment (Nah_2:10) of a dwelling, and the thing itself which is set out and established, here of the place where God’s throne is established. (everywhere from כּוּן, not from תָּכַן)
The Scriptures speak of the heavens as His throne Matthew 5:34; Isaiah 66:1; Psalm 11:4.

תכונה ‘tekunah’ comes from the word כון ‘kun’ which means a foundation or something that is firm, something that is orderly.

Psa 103:19  Jehovah has prepared (כון ‘kun’) His throne in Heaven, and His kingdom rules over all.
Psa 8:3  When I look upon Your heavens, the work of Your fingers: the moon and the stars which You have fixed (כון ‘kun’);
Psa 8:4  what is man that You are mindful of him, and the son of man, that You visit him?

תכונה ‘tekunah’ comes from the parent root:

Notice this word is associated with a seed opening and rising out of the ground.  This is a picture of the resurrection and Messiah.  The seed & the stars are linked through Israel (Genesis 15:5; 22:17; 26:4)

Messiah = Israel
Isa 49:3  And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.
Isa 49:5
And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength.

This prophecy is speaking of Messiah.  Messiah is the Servant Israel.

Isa 49:6  And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved (ונצירי ‘v’netsri’ – Netsarim = followers of Messiah/Christians) of Israel.I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation (ישׁועתי ‘yeshuati’ – my salvation, source of the name Jesus) unto the end of the earth.

Aviv is linked with the sign/seal/mark of God

Exo 13:4  Today, in the month of Abib, you are going out.
Exo 13:5  And it shall be when Jehovah brings you into the land of the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite, which He swore to your fathers to give to you, a land flowing with milk and honey, you shall do this service in this month.

Exo 13:6  Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day keep a feast to Jehovah.
Exo 13:7  Unleavened bread shall be eaten the seven days. And leavened bread for you shall not be seen; yea, no leaven shall be seen among you in all your boundaries.
Exo 13:8  And you shall tell your son in that day, saying, It is because of what Jehovah did for me when I came out from Egypt.

Exo 13:9  And it shall be for a sign to you on your hand, and a memorial between your eyes, so that a Law of Jehovah may be in your mouth. For with a strong hand Jehovah brought you out from Egypt.
Exo 13:10  And you shall keep this ordinance at its appointed time, from days to days.

It is during this month of Aviv, and in particular the 7 days of Unleavened Bread, that the firstfruits offering was offered.  This was of the barley, which too is a picture of Messiah.  The English word barley traces back to the Hebrew word בר ‘bar’ which means Son (Psalm 2:12).  The etymology of the word barley also is related to the body (ie the body of Messiah).  Barley – (from Proto Germanic. *bariz, *baraz) + -lic “body, like.”

 Notice also that the pictographic meaning of בר ‘bar’ is ‘family of heads.’  This is significant, in that one of the words in Hebrew for ‘firstfruit’ is ‘resheit’ which comes from ‘rosh’ which means a head.  בר ‘bar’ (son) = a family of heads or firstfruits.  This is what the Israel of God is.

Jer 2:3  Israel was holy to Jehovah, the first fruits ( ראשׁית ‘reshiyt’) of His increase. All that devour him become guilty; evil shall come on them, declares Jehovah.


Lev 23:10  Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
Lev 23:11  And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.

Going back to Exodus 13, notice that the next verses link the firstborn to Passover & Aviv

Exo 13:11  And it shall be when Jehovah brings you into the land of the Canaanite, as He swore to you and to your fathers, and gives it to you,
Exo 13:12  you shall set apart to Jehovah every one opening the womb, and every firstling, the offspring of animals which are yours; the males are Jehovah’s.
Exo 13:13  And every firstling of an ass you shall redeem with a flock animal. And if you do not redeem, you shall break its neck. And every first-born of men among your sons you shall redeem. 

Aviv linked with the offering of firstfruits (firstborn)
Lev 2:14  And if you bring near a food offering of firstfruits to Jehovah, fresh ears (אביב ‘aviv’) roasted with fire, grains from a garden, you shall bring near your firstfruits for a food offering.

The firstborn was given on the 8th day
Exo 22:29  You shall not delay giving the fullness of your crops and the juices of your vintage. You shall give to Me the first-born of your sons.
Exo 22:30  So you shall do to your oxen, to your sheep: it shall be seven days with its mother; on the eighth day you shall give it to Me. 

Jesus is the Firstfruit/Firstborn
1Co 15:20  But now Christ has been raised from the dead; He became the firstfruit of those having fallen asleep.
1Co 15:21  For since death is through man, also through a Man is a resurrection of the dead;
1Co 15:22  for as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.
1Co 15:23  But each in his own order: Christ, the firstfruit; afterward those of Christ at His coming.
1Co 15:24  Then is the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God, even the Father, when He makes to cease all rule and all authority and power.
Rom 8:28  But we know that to the ones loving God all things work together for good, to those being called according to purpose;
Rom 8:29  because whom He foreknew, He also predestinated to be conformed to the image of His Son, for Him to be the First-born among many brothers.
Rom 8:30  But whom He predestinated, these He also called; and whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.
Rom 11:16  Now if the firstfruit is holy, so also the lump. And if the root is holy, so also the branches.

His body
Heb 12:22  But you have drawn near Mount Zion (Isaiah 2, Psalm 87) even the city of the living God, to a heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels,
Heb 12:23  and to a gathering, an assembly of the first-born ones having been enrolled in Heaven; and to God the Judge of all, and to spirits of just ones who have been perfected;
Jas 1:18  Having purposed, He brought us forth by the Word of truth, for us to be a certain firstfruit of His creatures

Aviv & the color green

Strong’s Concordance
From an unused root (meaning to be tender); green, that is a young ear of grain; hence the name of the month Abib or Nisan: – Abib, ear, green ears of corn.

Gen 1:11  And God said, Let the earth bring forth (דשא ‘dasha’) grass (דשא ‘deshe’), the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.

In Messiah in the Torah Genesis 1:9-13, it is seen that the earth bringing forth (דשא ‘dasha’) is linked to birth/rebirth/resurrection.  Dasha (bringing forth) is the same Hebrew word as grass (דשא ‘deshe’).

This links grass with birth and resurrection

דשא ‘deshe’ is also translated as green.
Psa 23:2  He makes me lie down in green {דשא ‘deshe’} pastures; He leads me to waters of rest; 

Here it is seen that the color green, and in particular green grass sprouting in the spring (אביב ‘aviv’) is linked with the resurrection & rebirth.


Green – כרפס ‘karpas’

One of the words translated as green in the Scriptures is כרפס ‘karpas’ (Esther 1:6).

Those who have celebrated Passover with a traditional seder are familiar with this word.  It is the point of the meal where the כרפס ‘karpas’ (usually parsley) is dipped in saltwater, symbolically representing resurrection and passing through the Red Sea.  This was a picture of baptism and resurrectionPassover is celebrated in the Spring.
1Co 10:1  And I do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the Sea.
1Co 10:2  And all were baptized to Moses in the cloud, and in the Sea,
1Co 10:3  and all ate the same spiritual food.
1Co 10:4  And all drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank of the spiritual rock following, and that Rock was Christ.

The English word green comes from the Old English ‘growan’ which means to grow and also has the sense of fresh or new, as in a ‘greenhorn.’

Aviv – Ear

The word aviv is translated as ‘ear’ in two verses of the Scripture (Exodus 9:31; Leviticus 2:14). This word in English comes from the Old English ‘ear’ which means a ‘spike, ear of grain.’ It traces back to Greek word ‘akoste’ which means barley.

There is another interesting connection between Aviv on earth and Aviv in heaven in the star Spica. Spica is a Latin word which means ‘ear of grain’ and corresponds to the Greek word στάχυς ‘stachus.’ This is the origin of the English word ‘spike’ which is related to the English word ‘ear’ mentioned above.

Spica is the star in the hand of the constellation Bethulah (Virgo) and corresponds to the Hebrew word צמח ‘tsemach’ (the BRANCH Isaiah 4:2; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Zechariah 3:8; 6:12). צמח ‘tsemach’ has the meaning of a sprouting plant.

The Messiah is likened to a plant rising from the ground

Isa 11:1 And a Shoot goes out from the stump of Jesse, and a Branch will bear fruit out of his roots.

Isa 11:10 And it shall be in that day, the Root of Jesse stands as a banner of peoples; nations shall seek to Him; and His resting place shall be glory.

Isa 53:1 Who has believed our report? And to whom is the arm of Jehovah revealed?

Isa 53:2 For He comes up before Him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground. He has no form nor magnificence that we should see Him; nor form that we should desire Him.

Zec 6:12 And speak to him, saying, So says Jehovah of Hosts, saying, Behold! The Man {Joshua – Hebrew form of the name Jesus} whose name is THE BRANCH! And He shall spring up out of His place, and He shall build the temple of Jehovah.

BRANCH is capitalized in most English versions of the Scriptures because it is a direct reference to the Messiah. The word used here is צמח ‘tsemach’ and is used 5 times in reference to the Messiah in Scripture.

Isa 4:2 In that day the Branch of Jehovah will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth for pride and for glory for the survivors of Israel.

Jer 23:5 Behold, the days come, says Jehovah, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and act wisely, and He shall do justice and righteousness in the earth.

Jer 23:6 In His days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely. And this is His name by which He shall be called, Jehovah our Righteousness.

Jer 33:15 In those days, and at that time, I will cause a Branch of Righteousness to grow up to David. And He shall do judgment and righteousness in the land.

Jer 33:16 In those days Judah shall be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell in safety. And this is the name that shall be called on her: JEHOVAH OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

Zec 3:9 For, behold, I will bring forth My Servant, the BRANCH. For behold, the stone which I have given before Joshua, on the one stone are seven eyes. I will engrave its engraving, says Jehovah of Hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.

The New Testament further links the BRANCH (צמח ‘tsemach’) to the heavenly bodies.

Luk 1:78 through the tender heart of mercy of our God, in which the Dayspring from on high will visit us,

Robertson’s Word Pictures

The dayspring from on high (anatolē ex hupsous). Literally, rising from on high, like the rising sun or stars (Isa_60:19). The word is used also of a sprouting plant or branch (Jer_23:5; Zec_6:12)

Notice that Spica is in line with Arcturus. Arcturus is mentioned above in Job 38 (עיש ‘ayish’).

Bright star Arcturus is a harbinger of spring

“Arcturus’ appearance in the evening sky is a welcome sign in our northern climes, because it heralds the coming of the spring equinox, or first day of spring….Arcturus, like any star, rises 4 minutes earlier every day. Soon, the earlier-rising Arcturus will first beam at dusk, instead of nightfall or evening. Around the time that happens, spring will return to our northern hemisphere!”


Another Arcturus link

Job 39:1 Do you know the time when the wild goats of the rock bear? Do you observe the calving of deer?

Job 39:2 Can you tell the months they fulfill; or do you know the time for their bearing

John Gill commentary

Job 39:2 Canst thou number the months that they fulfil?…. Which some understand both of wild goats and hinds. Common goats fulfil five months, they conceive in November, and bring forth in March, as Pliny (f) observes; but how many the wild goats of the rock fulfil is not said by him or any other I know of: the same writer says (g) of hinds, that they go eight months;

or knowest thou the time when they bring forth? naturalists (h) tell us, that the hinds conceive after the rise of the star Arcturus, which rises eleven days before the autumnal equinox; so that they conceive in September; and as they go eight months, they bring forth in April; but then the exact time to a day and hour is not known. Besides, who has fixed the time for their bringing forth, and carries them in it through so many dangers and difficulties? None but the Lord himself. Now if such common things in nature were not known perfectly by Job, how should he be able to search into and find out the causes and reasons of God’s providential dealings with men, or what is in the womb of Providence?

(f) Nat. Hist. l. 8. c. 50. (g) Ib. c. 32. (h) Ib. & l. 2. c. 47. Aristot. Hist. Animal. l. 6. c. 29. Solinus, c. 31.

1st Fruit

First Fruit = Olive tree

Rom 11:16 Now if the firstfruit is holy, so also the lump. And if the root is holy, so also the branches.

“Interestingly, it is during Spring around the time of early April that Spica rises above the horizon as the sun sets”. (The Friendly Stars pg 25).

Aviv – New

In the Septuagint,  אביב ‘aviv’ is translated as νέων ‘neon’ which means new.  The English word ‘new’ traces back to this Greek word νέων ‘neon.’

Exo 13:4 ἐν γὰρ τῇ σήμερον ὑμεῖς ἐκπορεύεσθε ἐν μηνὶ τῶν νέων


Nisan (Nehemiah 2:1; Esther 3:7)
BDB Definition:
Nisan = “their flight”
1) the 1st month of the Jewish calendar corresponding to March or April
Part of Speech: noun proper
A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: probably of foreign origin

ניסן ‘nisan’ comes from the root נס ‘nes’ which means a flag or banner, literally speaking of the pole raised up.

“Hebrew nîsān comes from the Akkadian nisānu, the first month in the Babylonian calendar (corresponding to parts of March and April), from the Sumerian nisag, first fruits : nig, ni, thing, nominalizing pref. + sag, head, top, first.”

Here we see that ניסן ‘nisan’ is of similar meaning to אביב ‘aviv’, the first fruits and the pole that holds up the tent.

blessing 4



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