Daily Tidbits 3/13 – Arcturus

Arcturus is the brightest star in the constellation Boötes which is speaking of the Shepherd with with a spear and sickle (Revelation 14:15-16) whose name means ‘the Coming One.’

In Job 9:9, Arcturus is linked to the constellation of Ursa Major, the bear.  The Greek word for bear is ἄρκτος ‘arktos’ which comes from the root ἀρκέω ‘arkeō’ which means to possess unfailing strength and to defend or ward off an enemy.  This is is the job of the Shepherd, who defends His sheep.

The Greek word is ἄρκτος ‘arktos’ is used to translate four Hebrew words in the Septuagint.

The first is הן ‘hon’ which means to look at or behold a thing.  Amazingly, this is a picture of looking up towards the North star which is where Ursa Minor (the little bear) resides.  Ancient man, especially shepherds would look toward the north start as a guide for direction when they journeyed.

The second word translated from is ἄρκτος ‘arktos’ is כול ‘kul’ which means to sustain, nourish and guide.  This again, is pointing to the Shepherd.

The third word translated from is ἄρκτος ‘arktos’ is מצא ‘matsa’ which means to find.  This is yet again a description of the Shepherd.

Eze 34:11  For so says the Lord Jehovah: Behold, I Myself will search for My sheep, and seek them out.
Eze 34:12  As a shepherd seeks his flock in the day that he is among his scattered sheep, so I will seek out My sheep and will deliver them from all the places where they were scattered in a day of cloud, and thick cloud.

The fourth word translated from is ἄρκτος ‘arktos’ is רע ‘ra’ which is the Hebrew word for a shepherd.

Literal Version

Job 38:31  Can you bind the bands of the Pleiades, or loosen the cords of Orion?
Job 38:32  Can you bring out the constellations in their season; or can you guide the Bear with its sons?

King James Version
Job 38:32  Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons?

עשׁ  /  עישׁ
‛ayish  /  ‛âsh
BDB Definition:
1) a constellation
1a) Great Bear, Ursa Major
1b) (TWOT) Arcturus
Part of Speech: noun feminine
A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: from H5789

BDB Definition:
1) (Qal) to lend aid, come to help, hasten
Part of Speech: verb
A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: a primitive root


Ursa Major and Minor a pictured in the constellations as bears but are in reality speaking of the sheep folds of the Good Shepherd.  His assembly.

Boötes – the Shepherd

Βοοtes means the coming One, from the Hebrew word בוא ‘bo`’ which means to come.

Psa 96:13  before Jehovah; for He comes; for He comes to judge the earth; He shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with His faithfulness.

According to E.W. Bullinger, Bootes was also referred to as ‘Arctophylax’ whch means guardian of Arctos, the flock of the greater fold (Ursa Major – the Great Bear).

Τhe Gospel in the Stars – Joseph Seiss pg 22
The third Decan of this sign {Virgo} still further expresses and defines the marvellous story. One of the most common, constant, and expressive figures under which Christ is presented in the Scriptures is that of the Oriental shepherd, Isaiah fore-announced Him as He who ” shall feed His flock like a shepherd.” Peter describes Him as the Shepherd and Bishop of our souls. He says of himself, ” I am the good Shepherd that giveth His life for the sheep;” ” I am the good Shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine;” ” My sheep hear my voice, and 1 know them, and they follow me; and I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.” And this feature of what pertains to the Virgin’s Son is the particular topic of this Decan.

We here have the figure of a strong man, whom the Greeks named Boötes, the ploughman. But he and the so-called plough are set in opposite directions. Neither does a man plough with uplifted hand in the attitude of this figure. The name thus transformed into Greek has in it a Hebrew and Oriental root, Bo, which means coming, hence, the coming One or the One that was to come. The Greeks, failing to hold on consistently to their idea of a ploughman, also called this man Arcturus, the watcher, guardian, or keeper of Arktos, the adjoining constellation, which in all the more ancient representations is the flock, the sheepfold. Boötes is not a ploughman at all, but the guardian and shepherd of the flocks represented by what are now ordinarily called the Great and Lesser Bears; though they both have long tails, which bears never have. The brightest star in the constellation of Boötes is also called Arcturus, the guardian or keeper of Arktos, a word which in its Oriental elements connects with the idea of enclosure, the ascending, the happy, the going up upon the mountains. According to Ulugh Beigh, the ancient Egyptians called Boötes Smat, who rules, subdues, governs; and sometimes Bau, or Bo, the coming One. Al Katurops, the star on the right side or arm of Boötes, means the Branch, the Rod, and is often connected with the figure of a staff, the shepherd’s crook, the traditional emblem of the pastoral office.

There can, therefore, be no doubt that we have here not a Greek ploughman, but the far more ancient Oriental shepherd, the keeper, guardian, ruler, and protector of the flocks; and that shepherd identical with the Seed of the Virgin, the Promised One, He who was to come, even ” the Desire of all nations”, that great Shepherd of the sheep” whom the God of peace brought up again from the dead (Heb 13: 20). He also bears a sickle, which shows Him as the great Harvester; and the harvest He gathers is the harvest of souls, as where He directs his disciples to pray God to send forth laborers into His harvest. And the harvesting of souls is the gathering and keeping of the Lord’s flock.

The sickle and the crook thus go together as significant of one and the same idea, and show that Boötes is not the keeper of dogs and hunter of bears, but that promised Saviour who was to come to gather in the harvest of souls and ” feed His flock like a shepherd.”

Bootes – Ursa Major connection

“Arcturus is a star located in the sign of Bootes beyond the tail of the Great Bear. For this reason it is called Arcturus, as if it were the Greek arktos oura (i.e. ‘tail of the bear’), because it is located next to the heart of Bootes. It rises in the season of autumn.” [The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville, 7th century AD, p.105.]

Bootes is speaking of the Shepherd, Ursa Major and Minor are speaking of His sheepfolds.

“The word ‘Bootes’ actually means ‘cow-driver’, but in connection with the two Bears (Ursa Major and Ursa Minor) he is often seen as a Bear Driver or Bear Herder (Arctophylax) who chases the Bears around the pole star, Polaris. The prefix Arcto- is from Greek arktos, and related to Latin Ursa, bear. The suffix -phylax is from Greek phulax, from Greek phulassein, phulasso, ‘watcher, guard, sentry-keeper’.” {Bootes the Herdsman, the Ploughman, the Ox Driver, or the Shepherd}

Arcturus, is a golden red star situated on the left knee of Bootes.  The Hebrew word for knee is the same word for blessing.

As seen in a previous tidbit, the blessing is speaking of the coming of Messiah to save His sheepfold from sin and death.

Harbinger of Spring

“Arcturus’ appearance in the evening sky is a welcome sign in our northern climes, because it heralds the coming of the spring equinox, or first day of spring….Arcturus, like any star, rises 4 minutes earlier every day. Soon, the earlier-rising Arcturus will first beam at dusk, instead of nightfall or evening. Around the time that happens, spring will return to our northern hemisphere!”

Spica is the ‘ear of grain’ in the hand of Virgo, which displays אביב ‘aviv’ (spring) in heaven.

Here we see another connection to the bear who hibernates during winter and ‘resurrects’ during Spring.

The English word ‘hibernate’ comes from חרף ‘choref’ which means winter, the time of darkness and death and a picture of the piercing of Messiah as well as the betrothal of the bride.  Hibernation is a time where animals go into their dens for 3 months and sleep until spring.  A picture of Messiah in the earth for 3 days and 3 nights where He resurrects during the Spring season.

Hos 6:1  Come and let us return to Jehovah. For He has torn, and He will heal us. He has stricken, and He will bind us up.
Hos 6:2  After two days He will bring us to life. In the third day He will raise us up, and we shall live before Him.

blessing 4



One comment

  1. He asked the Lord tonight what is your favorite part of the sky when I was looking at the Big Dipper he said look at the end of the handle of the Dipper and see the group of stars it kind of looks square with the strip Stars at the end towards the South now looking it up and finding out what it’s about has to do with the Lord it just amazes me cuz I know nothing of the stars is just I’m amazed that it has to do with him Gathering up the least the shepherd and Gathering up his sheep for watching over us.

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