Daily Tidbits 1/3/14 – The Name of Jesus

Daily Tidbits the Name of Jesus

In 2014, the Catholic Church will celebrate the ‘Feast of the Most Holy Name of Jesus’ on this day.  I thought this would be a good time to share a tidbit on the name of Jesus.

The name Jesus comes from the Hebrew יהושׁע or  יהושׁוּע ‘Yehoshua’ or Yahushua’ .  The shortened form in Hebrew is ישׁוּע ‘Yeshua’ or ‘Yahshua.’

This origin can be seen in the King James Version where Joshua is being spoken of.

Act 7:45  Which also our fathers that came after brought in with Jesus into the possession of the Gentiles, whom God drave out before the face of our fathers, unto the days of David;
Heb 4:8  For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day.

This is further seen in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew TaNaKH.

Exo 17:10  And Joshua did as Moses had said to him, to fight against Amalek. And Moses, Aaron and Hur went up to the top of the hill.

Exo 17:10  καὶ ἐποίησεν Ἰησοῦς καθάπερ εἶπεν αὐτῷ Μωυσῆς, καὶ ἐξελθὼν παρετάξατο τῷ Αμαληκ· καὶ Μωυσῆς καὶ Ααρων καὶ Ωρ ἀνέβησαν ἐπὶ τὴν κορυφὴν τοῦ βουνοῦ.

Here we see יהושׁע ‘Yehoshua’ translated into the Greek as Ἰησοῦ ‘Iēsous.’  The meaning in Greek is the same as it is in Hebrew.  Jehovah (יהוה ‘Yahweh’) is Salvation.  In Greek there is no letter for the ‘sh’ sound as there is in Hebrew (ש).  The final ‘s’ sound is the Sigma shows that the name is masculine.  This is why the name Elijah (אליה), for example, is translated as Elias in the New Testament of  the early English versions as they were translating the Greek into English directly.

Ἰησοῦ ‘Iēsous’ passed down to the Latin as Iesu.

Latin Vulgate:

Mat 1:1  liber generationis Iesu Christi filii David filii Abraham

From the Latin Iesu to the English Iesus.  All have the same meaning.  The LORD is Salvation.

John Wycliff 1385 English Translation of the Latin:

Mat 1:21 And she shal bere a sone, and thou shalt clepe his name Jhesus; for he schal make his puple saaf fro her synnes.

William Tyndale 1534 English Translation of the Greek:

Mat 1:21  She shall brynge forthe a sonne and thou shalt call his name Iesus. For he shall save his peple from their synnes.

In the 1611 King James Version the text appears as:
Iesus

This is ‘Iesus.’  The letter J didn’t appear in the Authorized Version until the 18th century but this doesn’t make Jesus incorrect.

Name = Character

The Hebrew word for name is שם ‘shem.’  This literally means the ‘breath’ or character of an individual.  This is an absolute necessity if one wants to understand what the Word of God is speaking of when it speaks of someone’s name.  Pronunciation or spelling is not important, character is.

As mentioned above, Jesus comes from the name Joshua.  Joshua was spelled in various ways, and pronounced in various ways.   יהושׁע  or  יהושׁוּע ‘Yehoshua’ or Yahushua’, ישׁוּע ‘Yeshua’ or ‘Yahshua.’  They all mean the same thing.  Yahweh/Jehovah is Salvation.  This is the character of this name.

His Name/Character is the Word.

Rev 19:13  And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.
Joh 1:14  And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

Mat 12:18  Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.
Mat 12:19  He shall not strive, nor cry; neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets.
Mat 12:20  A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory.
Mat 12:21  And in his name shall the Gentiles trust

This portion of Scripture in Matthew is referring back to Isaiah 42:1-4.  Here we see that Scripture equates His Name with His Word/Law.

Isa 42:1  Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
Isa 42:2  He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.
Isa 42:3  A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.
Isa 42:4  He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.

Messiah came in His Father’s Name.

Joh 5:43  I am come in my Father’s name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive. 

Jehovah =Jesus

Exo 15:2  Jehovah is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation {ישׁוּעה yeshû‛âh – source of the name Jesus}: he is my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father’s God, and I will exalt him.
Psa 118:14  Jehovah is my strength and song, and is become my salvation
{ישׁוּעה yeshû‛âh}.
Isa 12:2  Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD Jehovah is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation {ישׁוּעה yeshû‛âh}.

Does this mean that the real name of Jesus was Jehovah (יהוה ‘Yahweh’).  No, this means He came in His character.

There is no other name by which we can be saved
Act 4:12  Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

Does this mean that man can only be saved if he pronounces the name of the Messiah correctly?  No.  It is only in His שם ‘shem’ which means name/character that man can be saved.

Persecuted because of His name
Mat 24:9  Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name’s sake.
Joh 15:20  Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also.

Many believers throughout the centuries have been persecuted for His name and it wasn’t being pronounced by those believers in the Hebrew language.  Greek, Latin, Chinese, Russian etc. and these believers were still persecuted.  Why?  Because they were walking in and proclaiming His character to a wicked world who hates Him.  Not because of a certain pronunciation, but because of His character shining out these people.

Gather in His name
Mat 18:20  For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.
Does this mean only those who pronounce His name correctly will have His Spirit with them?  No.  This means that when believers gather together in His character, His presence will be there with Him.

Pray in His name
Joh 14:13  And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.
Joh 14:14  If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.
Joh 15:16  Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you.

Does this mean that if you don’t pray with a certain pronunciation the Father won’t hear you?  No.  This means we are to pray in His character.

Spirit sent in His name
Joh 14:26  But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.
Does this mean that you can’t receive the Holy Spirit without knowing the correct pronunciation of His name?  No.  This means the Holy Spirit is sent in His character, His Word filling the hearts of the believer.

Baptism in His name
Act 2:38  Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Eph 4:5  One Lord, one faith, one baptism,

Does this mean that in order to be truly baptized one must have the right pronunciation?  No.  This means to be baptized into His character, covered in His garments of salvation and righteousness.

Sons of God believe on His name.
Joh 1:12  But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:

Does this mean that only those who pronounce His name correctly will be born again in His Image?  No.  This means who believe on His name/character will be resurrected into that same Image.

Following is a list of the name of Messiah in various languages.  There are variations but the Name is still the same because His character does not change based upon pronunciation.

Albanian     Jezusi
Arabic     `Isà عسى (Islamic) / Yasū`(a) يسوع (Christian)
Aragonese     Chesús
Azerbaijani     İsa
Bosniak     Isus
Breton     Jezuz
Catalan     Jesús
Chinese     耶稣 – Yesu (Mandarin), Yasu (Cantonese)
Cornish     Yesu
Croatian     Isus
Czech     Ježíš
Estonian     Jeesus
Finnish     Jeesus
French     Jésus
Galician     Xesús
Greek     Ιησούς (Iisoús modern Greek pronunciation)
Hebrew     Yeshua יֵשׁוּעַ (Christian)
Hungarian     Jézus
Indonesia     Yesus (Christian) / Isa (Islamic)
Irish     Íosa
Italian     Gesù
Kazakh     Иса (Isa)
Kurdish     Îsa
Latvian     Jēzus
Ligurian     Gesû
Limburgish     Zjezus
Lithuanian     Jėzus
Lombard     Gesü
Mirandese     Jasus
Maltese     Ġesù
Neapolitan     Gèsù
Norman     Jésus
Occitan     Jèsus
Piedmontese     Gesù
Polish     Jezus
Portuguese     Jesus
Romanian     Isus
Russian     Иисус (Iisus)
Sardinian     Gesùs
Serbian     Исус (Isus)
Sicilian     Gesù
Scottish     Ìosa
Slovak     Ježiš
Slovenian     Jezus
Spanish     Jesús
Tajik     Исо (Iso)
Turkish     İsa
Turkmen     Isa
Ukrainian     Ісус (Isus)
Uzbek     Iso
Venetian     Jesu
Welsh     Iesu

Are we only to use Hebrew in regards to the Name of the LORD and the Messiah?

Psa 145:21  My mouth shall speak the praise of the LORD: and let all flesh bless his holy name for ever and ever.
Mal 1:11  For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts.
Psa 86:9  All nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Lord; and shall glorify thy name.

All flesh are to call upon His Name for Salvation.
Joe 2:32  And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.
Act 2:21  And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Rom 10:12  For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.
Rom 10:13  For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Act 4:12  and there is salvation in no other One, for neither is there any other name under Heaven having been given among men by which we must be saved.

Why does Scripture proclaim that salvation is only in the Name of Messiah and the LORD?  Is it because of pronunciation?  Or is it because the word for name in Hebrew means character.  I believe it is the latter.

Pagan Origin?
There is a growing movement of believers who have come to believe that Jesus is of pagan derivation.  Some say Jesus comes from Zeus, others say the Greek goddess of healing Iaso.  There is no basis in truth for either of these beliefs.

Zeus comes from the Greek Ζεύς or Δίας.  Jesus comes from Ἰησοῦς.  Even an individual who is not familiar with the Greek language can see there is no connection in these words.  The ‘sus’ sound at the end of both words is what is used by adherents of these Jesus – Zeus connection.  There is no etymological basis for this.

Zeus is actually linked to the Etymology of the English word ‘God.’

Iaso is the Greek goddess of healing which is spelled Greek Ἰασώ.  This is a little closer to the Greek Ἰησοῦς (Jesus) but again the spelling is not the same.  There is a connection though as the Greek goddess Ἰασώ ‘Iaso’ actually traces back the Hebrew word ישׁוּעה ‘yeshû‛âh’ which means healing.

H3444 ישׁוּעה yeshû‛âh

Brown Driver Brigg Definition:
1) salvation, deliverance
1a) welfare, prosperity
1b) deliverance
1c) salvation (by God)
1d) victory

Here we see that those who try to give the name Jesus the origin of a pagan goddess are missing that the Pagan goddess actually got her name from the Hebrew word ישׁוּעה ‘yeshû‛âh.’

The meaning of healing for the word ישׁוּעה ‘yeshû‛âh’ is further seen in the character of the Word.

Psa 67:2  That thy way may be known upon earth, thy saving health {ישׁוּעה ‘yeshû‛âh’} among all nations.
Pro 4:22  for they are life to those who find them, and healing to all his flesh.
Exo 15:26  And He said, If you carefully listen to the voice of Jehovah your God, and do what is right in His eyes, and you give ear to His commandments, and keep all His statutes, I will not put on you all the diseases which I have put on Egypt; for I am Jehovah your Healer.
Mal_4:2  But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
Mat_4:23  And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people.
Mat_9:35  And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sickness and every disease among the people.
Luk_9:11  And the people, when they knew it, followed him: and he received them, and spake unto them of the kingdom of God, and healed them that had need of healing.
Act_4:22  For the man was above forty years old, on whom this miracle of healing was shewed.
Act_10:38  How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.

Whether you live in America and call Him Jesus, or His Hebrew name Yeshua/Yahshua or in China and call Him Yesu etc. etc…. may you come to know His true Name, His character.

Joh 17:1  Jesus spoke these things and lifted up His eyes to Heaven, and said, Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son may also glorify You,
Joh 17:2  as You gave to Him authority over all flesh, so that to all which You gave to Him, He may give to them everlasting life.
Joh 17:3  And this is everlasting life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom You have sent.

Daily tidbits

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