Daily Tidbits 12/31/11 – The Calendar

As this is the last day of the Gregorian calendar, it seems like an appropriate time to share the meaning of the word calendar.  The word calendar comes from the Greek καλεω  ‘kaleo.’




Thayer Definition:

1) to call

1a) to call aloud, utter in a loud voice

1b) to invite

2) to call, i.e. to name, by name

2a) to give a name to

2a1) to receive the name of, receive as a name

2a2) to give some name to one, call his name

2b) to be called, i.e. to bear a name or title (among men)

2c) to salute one by name

Notice that the word for calendar traces back to a Greek word which means to call out a name or to bear a name. This is what the Biblical calendar was designed to do and what the Christian/Gregorian calendar does. They proclaim the Name of Jesus, revealing His character by shadow pictures that are done each year during holidays and feasts which reveal His first and second comings as well as the 12 ‘signs’ of the zodiac which the sun traverses through each year which tells the Gospel.

This Greek word traces back to the Hebrew word קרא ‘qara’.

From the root:

Calling upon the Name is to reveal His presence.  The LORD proclaimed the name of Jehovah (יהוה ‘Yahweh’) whenever He physically manifested Himself to Israel

Exo 33:17 And Jehovah said to Moses, This thing which you have spoken I will do. For you have found favor in My eyes, and I know you by name.

Exo 33:18 And he said, I pray, let me see Your glory.

Exo 33:19 And He said, I will cause all My goodness to pass before your face. And I will call out the name of Jehovah before your face. And I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy.

Exo 33:20 And He said, You are not able to see My face; for no man can see Me and live.

Exo 33:21 And Jehovah said, Behold, a place by Me! And you shall stand on a rock.

Exo 33:22 And as My glory is passing it will be that I will put you in a cleft of the rock; and I will cover My hand over you during My passing.

Exo 33:23 And I will remove My hand, and you shall see My back; but My face cannot be seen.

Exo 34:5 And Jehovah came down in the cloud. And he placed himself there with Him, and he called on the name of Jehovah.

Exo 34:6 And Jehovah passed by before his face and called out: Jehovah! Jehovah God! Merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and great in goodness and truth,

Exo 34:7 keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and not leaving entirely unpunished, visiting the iniquity of fathers on sons, and on sons of sons, to the third and to the fourth generation.

Exo 34:8 And Moses hurried and bowed to the earth and worshiped.

קרא ‘qara’ is the word for read.  The Bible is the “physical” manifestation of God on the earth. When the LORD “qara’d,” He physically manifested Himself, and proclaimed who/what He is. This is what the reading of the Bible does. The Bible  proclaims the Name of the Holy One, as it is said in Revelation 19:13, His Name (שם ‘shem’- character) is the Word.

This is why the Torah was read in a cyclical fashion. It follows the same principle as the sun, moon and stars in their paths. The sabbaths/feasts are called מקרא קדש ‘miqra qodesh’, usually translated as ‘holy gatherings’. מקרא  ‘miqra,’ comes from the same root as קרא ‘qara’. The sabbaths were cyclical gatherings where His people come together to קרא ‘qara’/ call upon His name.

Calling upon His Name is linked to Salvation (ישועה ‘Yeshua’ – source of the name Jesus)

Psa 91:14 Because He has set His love on Me, therefore I will deliver Him; I will set Him on high because He has known My name.

Psa 91:15 He shall call on Me and I will answer Him; I will be with Him in distress; I will rescue Him and honor Him.

Psa 91:16 I will satisfy him with length of days, and will make Him see My salvation (ישועה ‘yeshuah’).

Psa 50:15 And call on Me in the day of distress, and I will save you; and you shall glorify Me.

Psa 50:23 Whoever offers thanks glorifies Me; and he who prepares a way, I will show the salvation of God to him.

Psa 18:3 I will call on Jehovah, who is to be praised; and I shall be saved from my enemies.

Psa 55:16 I, even I, will call to God, and Jehovah will save me.

Rom 10:13 For everyone, “whoever may call on the name of the Lord will be saved.” Joel 2:32

Act 2:21 “And it shall be that everyone who shall call on the name of the Lord will be saved.” Joel 2:28-32


The Gregorian calendar displays the name of Christ Jesus.  Most of the world calculates time based upon the birth of Messiah.  B.C. stands for before Christ and A.D. stands for Anno Domini which is Latin for ‘in the year of the Lord.’  It is generally accepted that the date of Christ’s birth came before 1 A.D. as was calculated by Dionysius Exiuss but the important thing is that all the earth declares that Jesus is the Lord when they go by this manner of time calculation.

Civil time being based upon the year of the Lord has passed into all the world through the Gregorian calendar, which is also, less commonly, called the Christian calendar.  This is interesting to note as the name Gregory (from whence comes Gregorian) means ‘watchman’ and Christians were originally called Nazarenes (נצרים Netsarim) which also means watchman (Jeremiah 31:6).

נצר ‘netsar’ is also translated as Branch, an appellation of Messiah.

Isa 11:1  And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch {נצר ‘nêtser’} shall grow out of his roots:

For more on קרא ‘qara’ see: Prophecies of Messiah – Exodus 33:18-23: The Glory of God




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