According to the book of Maccabees, Hanukkah is a replay of Sukkot (2 Maccabees 1:9).
Hanukkah & Sukkot
2Ma 1:7 What time as Demetrius reigned, in the hundred threescore and ninth year, we the Jews wrote unto you in the extremity of trouble that came upon us in those years, from the time that Jason and his company revolted from the holy land and kingdom,
2Ma 1:8 And burned the porch, and shed innocent blood: then we prayed unto the Lord, and were heard; we offered also sacrifices and fine flour, and lighted the lamps, and set forth the loaves.
2Ma 1:9 And now see that ye keep the feast of tabernacles in the month Casleu.
2Ma 1:18 Therefore whereas we are now purposed to keep the purification of the temple upon the five and twentieth day of the month Casleu, we thought it necessary to certify you thereof, that ye also might keep it, as the feast of the tabernacles, and of the fire, which was given us when Neemias offered sacrifice, after that he had builded the temple and the altar.
2Ma 10:1 Now Maccabeus and his company, the Lord guiding them, recovered the temple and the city:
2Ma 10:2 But the altars which the heathen had built in the open street, and also the chapels, they pulled down.
2Ma 10:3 And having cleansed the temple they made another altar, and striking stones they took fire out of them, and offered a sacrifice after two years, and set forth incense, and lights, and shewbread.
2Ma 10:4 When that was done, they fell flat down, and besought the Lord that they might come no more into such troubles; but if they sinned any more against him, that he himself would chasten them with mercy, and that they might not be delivered unto the blasphemous and barbarous nations.
2Ma 10:5 Now upon the same day that the strangers profaned the temple, on the very same day it was cleansed again, even the five and twentieth day of the same month, which is Casleu.
2Ma 10:6 And they kept the eight days with gladness, as in the feast of the tabernacles, remembering that not long afore they had held the feast of the tabernacles, when as they wandered in the mountains and dens like beasts.
2Ma 10:7 Therefore they bare branches, and fair boughs, and palms also, and sang psalms unto him that had given them good success in cleansing his place.
2Ma 10:8 They ordained also by a common statute and decree, That every year those days should be kept of the whole nation of the Jews.
2Ma 10:9 And this was the end of Antiochus, called Epiphanes.
Sukkot was called the feast of dedication as this was the time that Solomon dedicated the Temple.
1Ki 8:2 And all the men of Israel were gathered to King Solomon, in the month of Ethanim, at the feast, which is the seventh month.
1Ki 8:63 and Solomon offered the sacrifice of peace offerings, which he had offered to Jehovah: twenty two thousand oxen, and a hundred and twenty thousand sheep; and the king and all the sons of Israel dedicated the house of Jehovah.
1Ki 8:65 And at that time Solomon made a feast, and all Israel with him, a great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath to the river of Egypt, before Jehovah our God, seven days and seven days, fourteen days.
Sukkot came to be known as the festival of lights due to the ‘illumination of the Temple’ during Sukkot. It is said that the entire city of Jerusalem was filed with light from four 75 ft tall menorahs (Sukkah 52b). The 7 branched Menorah is a picture of the body of Messiah (John 1:9, 8:12; Isaiah 9:2; Matthew 5:14-16; John 15:1; Exodus 25:31, 36).
Sukkot is a festival that pictures the joining of the nations to Messiah which is associated with light (Isaiah 49:3-6).
70 bulls were sacrificed during the feast of Tabernacles (Numbers 29)…for the 70 nations of the world (Genesis 10). The nations are divided up according to the number of the sons of Israel.
Deu 32:8 When the most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel.
All nations will keep Sukkot
Zec 14:16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.
Zec 14:17 And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.
Light to the nations
Isa 9:2 The people who walk in darkness have seen a great light. The ones who dwell in the land of the shadow of death, light has shone on them.
Isa 9:6 For a Child is born; to us a Son is given; and the government is on His shoulder; and His name is called Wonderful, Counselor, The Mighty God, The Everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isa 9:7 There is no end to the increase of His government and of peace on the throne of David, and on His kingdom, to order it, and to sustain it with justice and with righteousness, from now and forever. The zeal of Jehovah of Hosts will do this.
Isa 60:1 Arise, shine; for your light has come, and the glory of Jehovah has risen on you!
Isa 60:2 For behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the peoples. But Jehovah shall rise on you, and His glory shall be seen on you.
Isa 60:3 And nations shall walk to your light, and kings to the brightness of your dawning.
Luk 1:68 Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, because He visited and worked redemption for His people.
Luk 1:69 And He raised up a Horn of salvation for us in the house of His servant David;
Luk 1:70 even as He spoke through the mouth of His holy prophets from the age before:
Luk 1:71 Salvation from ones hostile to us, and from the hand of all the ones hostile to us,
Luk 1:72 to execute mercy with our fathers, and to remember His holy covenant,
Luk 1:73 the oath which He swore to our father Abraham,
Luk 1:74 to give to us, that we being delivered out of the hand of those hostile to us, in order to serve Him without fear,
Luk 1:75 in consecration and righteousness before Him all the days of our life.
Luk 1:76 And you, child, will be called Prophet of the Most High, for you will go before the face of the Lord to prepare His ways, Mal. 3:1
Luk 1:77 to give a knowledge of salvation to His people by remission of their sins,
Luk 1:78 through the tender heart of mercy of our God, in which the Dayspring from on high will visit us,
Luk 1:79 to appear to those sitting in darkness and in shadow of death, to direct our feet into the way of peace. Isa. 9:2
Luk 1:80 And the child grew, and became strong in spirit. And he was in deserted places until the day of his showing to Israel.
Luk 2:25 And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon. And this man was righteous and devout, eagerly expecting the Consolation of Israel. And the Holy Spirit was upon him.
Luk 2:26 And it happened to him, having been divinely instructed by the Holy Spirit, he was not to see death before he would see the Christ of the Lord.
Luk 2:27 And by the Spirit he came into the temple. And as the parents were bringing in the child Jesus for them to do according to the custom of the Law concerning Him,
Luk 2:28 even Simeon received Him into his arms. And he blessed God and said,
Luk 2:29 Now, Master, You will let Your slave go in peace according to Your Word;
Luk 2:30 because my eyes saw Your Salvation,
Luk 2:31 which You prepared before the face of all the peoples;
Luk 2:32 a Light for revelation to the nations, and the Glory of Your people Israel.
Hanukkah and Messiah
Joh 10:22 And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter.
Joh 10:23 And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon’s porch.
Joh 10:24 Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly.
Joh 10:25 Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father’s name, they bear witness of me.
Joh 10:26 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.
Joh 10:27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
Jesus is referring here to earlier in the chapter where He speaks of the true Shepherd versus the thief. This displays the battle between the true Messiah versus the false Messiah.
Joh 10:1 Truly, truly, I say to you, The one not entering through the door into the sheepfold, but going up by another way, that one is a thief and a plunderer.
Joh 10:2 But the one entering through the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
Joh 10:3 The doorkeeper opens to him, and the sheep hear his voice, and he calls his own sheep by name, and leads them out.
Joh 10:4 And when he puts forth his own sheep, he goes in front of them, and the sheep follow him because they know his voice.
The sheep follow Him…they walk with Him. Interesting that Enoch is known for walking with God. The name Enoch comes from the word חנך ‘chanak,’ the same root as Hanukkah.
Joh 10:5 But they will not follow a stranger, never! But they will flee from him, because they do not know the voice of the strangers.
Joh 10:6 Jesus spoke this allegory to them, but they did not know what it was which He spoke to them.
Joh 10:7 Then Jesus again said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you that I am the door of the sheep.
Joh 10:8 All who came before Me are thieves and plunderers, but the sheep did not hear them.
Here Messiah alludes to all of the false Messiahs that came before Him and were worshiped by those who were not of His flock. Satan has tried to bring about the counterfeit Christ since the time of the garden and the prophecy of the seed of the woman crushing his head.
Joh 10:9 I am the door. If anyone enters through Me, he will be saved, and will go in, and will go out, and will find pasture.
Joh 10:10 The thief does not come except that he may steal, and kill, and destroy. I came that they may have life and may have it abundantly.
Joh 10:11 I am the Good Shepherd! The Good Shepherd lays down His life on behalf of the sheep.
Joh 10:12 But the hireling, not even being a shepherd, who does not own the sheep, sees the wolf coming and forsakes the sheep and flees. And the wolf seizes them, and scatters the sheep.
Joh 10:13 But the hireling flees because he is a hireling, and there is not a care to him concerning the sheep.
Joh 10:14 I am the Good Shepherd, and I know those that are Mine, and I am known by the ones that are Mine.
Joh 10:15 Even as the Father knows Me, I also know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.
Joh 10:16 And I have other sheep which are not of this fold. I must also lead those, and they will hear My voice; and there will be one flock, one Shepherd.
Ultimately this is what it is all about…being one flock of the Messiah. The adversary seeks to counterfeit this. This is why Antiochus sought to make the people in his kingdom one (1 Maccabees 1:41). The antichrist seeks to have one flock, one bride. Christ has one flock, one bride. We must decide which flock we want to be a part of. We must decide whether we want to continue in the ways of the world and the worthless traditions of our forefathers (Jeremiah 16:19), or to walk in His Word.
Jos 24:15 And if it seems evil in your eyes to serve Jehovah, choose for yourselves today whom you will serve, whether the gods whom your fathers served Beyond the River, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living. But as for me and my house, we will serve Jehovah.