Daily Tidbits – 12/10/11 – Shadows of Messiah in the Bible

There are different aspects to the promise to Abraham, all of which can be used to display different aspects of the Gospel and shadow pictures of Messiah.

The promise is the Word (Psalm 105:42)  –This aspect of the promise to Abraham will be used to share Shadow Pictures of Messiah in Biblical studies. & Messiah in the Torah

The TaNaKH (Old Testament writings) is about Jesus Christ

Joh 1:45  Philip finds Nathanael and said to him, We have found the One of whom Moses wrote in the Law and the Prophets, Jesus the son of Joseph, from Nazareth.
Joh 5:39  You search the Scriptures, for you think in them you have everlasting life.
And they are the ones witnessing concerning Me.
Joh 5:46  For if you were believing
Moses, you would then believe Me; for that one wrote concerning Me.
Joh 5:47  But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My Words?
Psa 40:7 
Then I said, Lo, I come, in the roll of the Book it is written of Me;

Jesus & the Apostles taught from the TaNaKH

Luk 24:27  And beginning from Moses, and from all the prophets, He explained to them the things about Himself in all the Scriptures.
Luk 24:44  And He said to them, These are the Words which I spoke to you yet being with you, that all the things must be fulfilled having been written in the Law of Moses, and the Prophets, and the Psalms, concerning Me.
Luk 24:45  Then He opened up their mind to understand the Scriptures,

Notice, the Scriptures are a sealed book (Isaiah 29:10-11), it is only through the Spirit of the Messiah that our eyes are opened (Luke 24:45), this is a concept seen where the Spirit of God hovers over the waters and commands Light to come forth out of darkness (Genesis 1:2-3; John 3:19; Colossians 1:13)


Act 26:22  Then obtaining help from God, I stand until this day, witnessing both to small and to great, saying
nothing else than what the prophets and Moses also said was going to happen:
Act 28:23  And having appointed him a day, more came to him in the lodging, to whom
he expounded, earnestly testifying the kingdom of God and persuading them the things concerning Jesus, both from the Law of Moses and the Prophets, from morning until evening.

At this point the New Testament Scriptures had not yet been completely compiled. Paul was teaching Messiah from the TaNaKH.


1Co 15:3  For I delivered to you in the first place what I also received, that Christ died for our sins,
according to the Scriptures,
1Co 15:4  and that He was buried, and that He was raised the third day,
according to the Scriptures
,

At the point of this Epistle, the New Testament Scriptures were not completely compiled.  Paul was speaking of the TaNaKH.

2Ti 3:15  and that from a babe you know the Holy Scriptures, those being able to make you wise to salvation through belief in Christ Jesus.

Messiah in the Torah

In Acts 13 we see the precedent set that the Torah is used to exhort believers, but most importantly, to teach them about Christ.

Act 13:14  But going through from Perga, they came to Antioch-Pisidia, and going into the synagogue on the day of the sabbaths, they sat down.

Act 13:15  And after the reading of the Law, and of the Prophets, the synagogue rulers sent to them, saying, Men, brothers, if there is a word of exhortation to the people, speak.

Act 13:16  And rising up, and signaling with his hand, Paul said, Men, Israelites, and the ones fearing God, listen.
Act 13:17  The God of this people Israel chose out our fathers, and exalted the people in their stay in the land of Egypt. And with a high arm, He led them out of it.
Act 13:18  And as forty years time passed, He tenderly bore them in the wilderness.
Deut. 1:31
Act 13:19  And He pulled down seven nations in Canaan land, and gave their land to them as an inheritance. Deut. 7:1
Act 13:20  And after these things, as four hundred and fifty years passed, He gave judges until Samuel the prophet.
Act 13:21  And from there they asked for a king. And God gave Saul the son of Kish to them, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years.
Act 13:22  And removing him, He raised up to them David for a king, to whom He also said, witnessing, “I found David” the son of Jesse “to be a man according to My own heart, who will do all My will.”
1 Samuel 13:14; Psa. 89:20; LXX-Isa. 44:28
Act 13:23  Of the seed of this one, according to promise, God raised up to Israel a Savior, Jesus;
Act 13:24  John going before to proclaim before the face of His entrance a baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel.
Act 13:25  And as John fulfilled the course, he said, Whom do you suppose me to be? I am not He, but, behold, “He comes after me, of whom I am not worthy to loosen the sandal of His feet.”
John 1:27
Act 13:26  Men, brothers, sons of the race of Abraham, and the ones among you fearing God, to you the Word of this salvation was sent.
Act 13:27  For those dwelling in Jerusalem, and their rulers, not having known this One,
and the voices of the prophets being read throughout every sabbath, condemning Him, they fulfilled the Scriptures.
Act 13:28  And finding not one cause of death, they asked Pilate to do away with Him.
Act 13:29  And when they finished
all the things having been written concerning Him, taking Him down from the tree, they laid Him in a tomb.
Act 13:30  But God raised Him from the dead;
Act 13:31  who appeared for many days to those coming up with Him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are witnesses of Him to the people.
Act 13:32  And we preach
the gospel to you, the promise made to the fathers,

The Gospel being spoken of was written in the TaNaKH

(1 Peter 1:25; Psalm 68:11; Acts 10:34-36; Romans 1:1-4; Ephesians 1:13; Colossians 1:5-6)

The Gospel is the promise to Abraham (Galatians 3:8, 16; Romans 4:13), the promise =the Word (Deuteronomy 6:3 דבר ‘davar’= promise) the promise = the Messiah (Jeremiah 33:14-16) the promise = eternal life (1 John 2:25; Genesis 17:8).

Act 13:33  that this God has fulfilled to us, their children, raising up Jesus; as also it has been written in the second Psalm, “You are My Son, today I have begotten You.” Psa. 2:7
Act 13:34  And that He raised Him from the dead, no more being about to return to corruption, so He has said, “I will give You” “the holy things of faithful David.” Isa. 55:3
Act 13:35  So He also said in another, “You will not give Your Holy One to see corruption.” LXX-Psa. 15:10; MT-Psa. 16:10
Act 13:36  For having served his own generation by the counsel of God, David truly fell asleep and was added to his fathers and saw corruption. 1 Kg. 2:10
Act 13:37  But He whom God raised up, this One did not see corruption.
Act 13:38  Then let it be known to you, men, brothers, that through this One remission of sin is announced to you.
Act 13:39  And everyone believing in this One is justified from all things which you could not be justified by the Law of Moses.
Act 13:40  Then watch that the thing spoken in the Prophets may not come on you:
Act 13:41  “Behold, you despisers,” “and marvel,” “and perish, because I work a work in your days,” a work which you would “in no way believe if anyone declares it to you.”
Hab. 1:5
Act 13:42  But the Jews having gone out of the synagogue, the nations begged that these words be spoken to them on the next sabbath.

The Messiah is revealed from the TaNaKH in a step by step method (Isaiah 28:10).
Psa 23:3  He restores my soul; He guides me in paths { מעגּל ‘ma`gal’} of righteousness for His name’s sake.

H4570

ma‛gâl  /  ma‛gâlâh
BDB Definition:
1) entrenchment, track מעגּלה  מעגּל

This word comes from the root עגּל ‘agal’ which means round or a bullock as in a bullock circling around in play.   מעגּל ‘ma`gal’ literally means the trench made from the wheels of carts that are pulled by oxen to tread grain, thus making trenches or ruts.  This is what the meaning of being a disciple is all about.  The yoke of the oxen, the yoke of learning.  An older experienced ox is yoked to a younger inexperienced one in order to teach it how to pull a load…Learning through being yoked to the Master (Matthew 11:29)

The word for מדרש ‘midrash,’ which is the term for discussing the Scriptures after the Torah portion was read {Acts 13:15}, comes from the root דרש ‘drash’ which means to thresh.  Grains were placed on the threshing floor where they were trampled on and beaten in order to separate the hulls from the grain as the oxen walked in a circular manner.

Act 9:22  But Saul was more filled with power, and he confounded the Jews living in Damascus, proving {συμβιβάζω ‘sumbibazō’} that this One is the Christ.

G4822
συμβιβάζω
sumbibazō
Thayer Definition:
1) to cause to coalesce, to
join together, put together
1a)
to unite or knit together: in affection
2) to put together in one’s mind
2a) to compare
2b) to gather, conclude, consider
3) to
cause a person to unite with one in a conclusion or come to the same opinion, to prove, demonstrate
3a) to teach, instruct, one
Part of Speech: verb
A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: from G4862 and bibazo (to force, causative [by reduplication] of the base of
G939)<–stepping with the foot

The meaning of the above where Paul proves Messiah from the Scriptures is by joining together Scriptures step by step, knitting together the meaning.

Paul’s custom was to go into synagogues on the Sabbath days, when the Torah portions were read and to show Messiah to those in the synagogue in that reading of the Torah.
Act 17:2  And according to Paul’s custom, he went in to them and reasoned with them from the Scriptures on three sabbaths,
Act 17:3  opening and setting forth that the Christ must have suffered, and to have risen from the dead, and that this is the Christ, Jesus, whom I announce to you.
Act 17:4  And some of them were persuaded and joined themselves to Paul and Silas, both a great multitude of the worshiping Greeks, and not a few of the leading women.
Act 28:23  And having appointed him a day, more came to him in the lodging, to whom he expounded, earnestly testifying the kingdom of God and persuading them the things concerning Jesus, both from the Law of Moses and the Prophets, from morning until evening.

Christ Jesus taught that the TaNaKH was written about Himself.  His custom was to teach in the synagogues each sabbath as well.  I have no doubt that He used the Torah portions to teach the people of Himself.

Luk 4:16  And He came to Nazareth where He was brought up. And as was His custom, He went in on the day of the sabbaths, into the synagogue, and He stood up to read…

 

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