Continuing with the theme of Abraham and the ending of slavery is the promise to the Patriarch Abraham.
God came to Abraham in a vision or a ‘dream’ making a covenant to guarantee His promise to Abraham of making him a great nation and the father of the blessing to the nations (Genesis 12:2-3; 22:18; Acts 3:25-26).
Gen 15:1 After these things the Word of Jehovah came to Abram in a vision, saying, Do not fear, Abram; I am your shield, your reward will increase greatly.
Gen 15:13 And He said to Abram, Knowing you must know that your seed shall be an alien in a land not theirs; and they shall serve them. And they shall afflict them four hundred years;
Gen 15:14 and I also will judge that nation whom they shall serve; and afterward they shall come out with great substance.
Israel was to be slaves in Egypt for 4 generations
Gen 15:16 And in the fourth generation they shall come here again; for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.
Interestingly, going back to a previous tidbit, Abraham Lincoln when beginning his Gettysburg address, used the phrase ‘four score.’ A score is a period of twenty years, a generation.
Abraham’s seed is likened to the stars (Genesis 15:5; 22:17).
In Hebrew, Astronomy is תכונה ‘tekunah.’ תכונה ‘tekunah’ comes from the word כון ‘kun’ which means a foundation or something that is firm, something that is orderly.
Psa 103:19 Jehovah has prepared (כון ‘kun’) His throne in Heaven, and His kingdom rules over all.
Psa 8:3 When I look upon Your heavens, the work of Your fingers: the moon and the stars which You have fixed (כון ‘kun’);
Psa 8:4 what is man that You are mindful of him, and the son of man, that You visit him?
תכונה ‘tekunah’ comes from the parent root:
Notice this word is associated with a seed opening and rising out of the ground. This is a picture of the resurrection and Messiah. The seed & the stars are linked through Israel (Genesis 15:5; 22:17; 26:4)
The Seed = the Word
Luk 8:11 And this is the parable: The seed is the Word of God.
The Seed is fully revealed in Messiah
Gal 3:16 But the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his Seed (it does not say, And to seeds, as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” which is Christ). Genesis 3:15; 21:12; 22:18, Rom. 9:6; Heb. 11:18
Messiah fully reveals who Israel is
Isa 49:3 And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.
Isa 49:5 And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength.
This prophecy is speaking of Messiah. Messiah is the Servant Israel.
Isa 49:6 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel.I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation (ישׁוּעה ‘yeshû‛âh’ – source of the name Jesus) unto the end of the earth.
Seed – Christ – Israel – Sun, Moon & Stars
Psa 89:1 A Poem of Ethan the Ezrahite. I will sing of the mercies of Jehovah forever; I will speak with my mouth Your faithfulness to all generations.
Psa 89:2 For I have said, Mercy shall be built up forever; You shall establish Your faithfulness in the heavens.
Psa 89:3 I have cut a covenant with My elect; I have sworn to David My servant,
Psa 89:4 I will establish your Seed forever, and build up your throne to all generations. Selah.
Psa 89:5 And the heavens shall thank Your wonders, O Jehovah; also Your faithfulness in the assembly of the saints.
Psa 89:29 And I have established his Seed forever, and His throne as the days of the heavens.
Psa 89:35 Once I have sworn by My holiness; I will not lie to David.
Psa 89:36 His Seed shall be forever, and his throne as the sun before Me.
Psa 89:37 Like the moon, it shall be forever; and a faithful witness in the sky. Selah. (Isaiah 43:10, 12; 44:8)
Jeremiah links the covenant/Word with the sun, moon and stars (Jeremiah 31:31-37; 33:14-26)
Joseph’s dream links the heavenly bodies to Israel
Gen 37:9 And he dreamed still another dream, and told it to his brothers. And he said, Behold, I have dreamed another dream: And, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars were bowing themselves to me.
Gen 37:10 And he told it to his father, and to his brothers. And his father rebuked him, and said to him, What is this dream which you have dreamed? Shall we indeed come to bow ourselves to the earth to you, I, your mother, and your brothers?
Gen 15:5 And He brought him outside and said, Look now at the heavens and count the stars, if you are able to count them. And He said to him, So shall your seed be.
Gen 15:6 And he believed in Jehovah. And He counted it to him for righteousness.
Gen 22:16 And He said, I have sworn by Myself, declares Jehovah, that on account of this thing you have done, and have not withheld your son, your only son,
Gen 22:17 that blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens, and as the sand which is on the shore of the sea. And your Seed shall possess the gate of His enemies.
Gen 22:18 And in your Seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed because you have obeyed My voice.
Gen 26:4 And I will increase your seed like the stars of the heavens, and I will give to your seed all these lands. And all the nations of the earth shall bless themselves in your Seed,
Deu 1:10 Jehovah your God has multiplied you, and, behold, today you are as the stars of heaven for multitude.
Exo 12:37 And the sons of Israel traveled from Rameses to Succoth, the men being about six hundred thousand on foot, apart from little ones.
Exo 12:38 And also a mixed multitude went up with them, and flocks, and herds, very many livestock.
The Visible Universe: chapters on the origin and construction of the heavens – John Ellard Gore pg 285
In Durchmusterung* it appears that number of visible stars is 600,000
In astronomy, Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung (BD), is the usual name for three comprehensive astrometric star catalogues of the whole sky, processed by the Bonn Observatory (Germany) from 1859 to 1903.
What we know about the stars – Abraham Van Doren Honeyman Pg 41
Heavenly bodies = hosts/armies
Gen 2:1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
Psa 33:6 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.
Exo 7:4 And Pharaoh will not listen to you. And I will put My hand on Egypt, and will bring My armies, My people, the sons of Israel, from the land of Egypt with great judgments.
Exo 12:51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.
By their armies – צבאתם tsibotham, from צבא tsaba, to assemble, meet together, in an orderly or regulated manner, and hence to war, to act together as troops in battle; whence צבאות tsebaoth, troops, armies, hosts. It is from this that the Divine Being calls himself יהוה צבאות Yehovah tsebaoth, the Lord Of Hosts or armies, because the Israelites were brought out of Egypt under his direction, marshalled and ordered by himself, guided by his wisdom, supported by his providence, and protected by his might. This is the true and simple reason why God is so frequently styled in Scripture the Lord of hosts; for the Lord did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their Armies.
Jesus is the LORD of Hosts
Jos 5:14 And He said, No, for I now come as the Commander of the army of Jehovah. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth and worshiped. And he said to Him, What does my Lord speak to His slave?
Isa 55:4 Behold, I gave Him a Witness to peoples, a Leader and Commander of peoples.
Rev 19:11 And I saw Heaven being opened. And, behold! A white horse, and He sitting on it having been called Faithful and True. And He judges and wars in righteousness.
Rev 19:12 And His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on His head many diadems, having a name that had been written, which no one knows except Himself;
Rev 19:13 and having been clothed in a garment which had been dipped in blood. And His name is called The Word of God.
Rev 19:14 And the armies in Heaven followed Him on white horses, being dressed in fine linen, white and pure.
The Camp of Israel
Num 2:2 The sons of Israel shall encamp by their fathers’ house, every man with his own standard, according to the standards. They shall encamp around the tabernacle of the congregation, afar off.
Num 2:3 And those who encamp on the east side, toward the sunrising, are of the standard of Judah’s camp, according to their armies, the ruler of the sons of Judah being Nahshon the son of Amminadab.
Num 2:9 All numbered of the camp of Judah were a hundred and eighty six thousand and four hundred, by their armies. They shall set forth first.
Num 2:10 On the south side shall be the standard of the camp of Reuben, according to their armies; the ruler of the sons of Reuben being Elizur the son of Shedeur.
Num 2:18 On the west side shall be the standard of the camp of Ephraim, according to their armies; the ruler of the sons of Ephraim being Elishama the son of Ammihud.
Num 2:25 On the north side shall be the standard of the camp of Dan, according to their armies; the ruler of the sons of Dan being Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.
The Camp of Israel was divided up as the 12 constellations
Standards of the Tribes
Keil and Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary
According to rabbinical tradition, the standard of Judah bore the figure of a lion, that of Reuben the likeness of a man, or of a man’s head, that of Ephraim the figure of an ox, and that of Dan the figure of an eagle; so that the four living creatures united in the cherubic forms described by Ezekiel were represented upon these four standards” (Keil and Delitzsch, Commentary on the Pentateuch, III, 17). A variant of this tradition gives as the standard of Reuben, “unstable as water” (Gen_49:4 the King James Version), a Man and a River, and of Dan, “Dan shall be a serpent in the way” (Gen_49:17), an Eagle and a Serpent. These four forms are also found in the constellations in the four quarters of the heavens. Aquarius, the man with a stream of water, and Leo were the original zodiacal constellations of the two solstices, Taurus was that of the spring equinox, and Aquila and Serpens were close to the autumnal equinox, the latter being actually upon the colure.
4 Living Creatures
Surrounding the throne of God are the 4 living creatures which correspond to the 4 cardinal points of the zodiac and to the camp of Israel.
Eze 1:10 And the likeness of their faces: the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side to the four of them; and the face of an ox on the left to the four of them, and the face of an eagle to the four of them.
Rev 4:2 And at once I became in spirit. And, behold, a throne was set in Heaven, and One sitting on the throne.
Rev 4:3 And the One sitting was in appearance like a jasper stone, and a sardius; and a rainbow was around the throne, in appearance like an emerald.
Rev 4:4 And around the throne I saw twenty four thrones, and on the thrones I saw twenty four elders sitting, having been clothed in white garments. And they had golden crowns on their heads.
Rev 4:5 And out of the throne come forth lightnings and thunders and voices. And seven lamps of fire are burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God;
Rev 4:6 and a glassy sea before the throne, like crystal. And in the midst of the throne and around the throne were four living creatures, full of eyes before and behind.
Rev 4:7 And the first living creature was like a lion; and the second living creature like a calf; and the third living creature having a face like a man; and the fourth living creature like an eagle flying.
Rev 4:8 And the four living creatures each one had six wings around, and within being full of eyes. And they had no rest day and night, saying, “Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty,” the One who was, and is, and is coming! Isa. 6:3
Rev 4:9 And whenever the living creatures shall give glory and honor and thanks to the One sitting on the throne, to the One living to the ages of the ages,
Rev 4:10 the twenty four elders fall down before Him sitting on the throne; and they will worship the One living to the ages of the ages, and will throw their crowns before the throne, saying,
Rev 4:11 Lord, You are worthy to receive the glory and the honor and the power, because You created all things, and through Your will they exist and were created.
The Hebrew word for star is ככב ‘kokav’ which comes from the root כב ‘kav’ which further links to the body
“Like any other cloth, there is space between the hair fabric. Light coming through the black roof appear as stars in the night sky. “He stretches out the heavens like a canopy, and spreads them out like a tent to live in” (Isaiah 40.2). When the hair fibers get wet from the rains, the fibers expand, forming a watertight roof.”
“The size of the tent will depend on the size and wealth of the family. The wealthier families will have separate tents for the wife, such as Abraham had for Sarah. As the family grows, additional panels are added to increase the size of the tent. “Enlarge the place of your tent, stretch your tent curtains wide, do not hold back; lengthen your cords, strengthen your stakes” (Isaiah 54:2).”
Enlarging the family tent corresponds to the the stretching forth of the Heavens in the beginning. This points to the ‘Son’.
In Proverbs 8, The Holy Scriptures speak of Wisdom as the master craftsman/builder in the beginning with the Father. This word is אמון ‘amon/amen ‘which points to the Messiah. Interestingly, the Hebrew word for build is בנה ‘banah’ which comes from the same root as son, בן ‘ben’.
Jer 10:12 It is He who made the earth by His power, who established the world by His wisdom, and who stretched out the heavens by His understanding.
What/who is the wisdom and power of God?
1Co 1:24 But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
What is the Hebrew word for understanding?
תּובנה / תּבוּנה / תּבוּן
tâbûn / tebûnâh / tôbûnâh
This word comes from the same root as בו ‘ben’/son.
On a deeper level, the heavens point to the body of Christ. Paul speaks of the resurrected body we shall receive which is from heaven.
2Co 5:2 For also in this we groan, greatly desiring to be clothed with our dwelling place out of Heaven,
This is the body that shall be formed in His Image.
1Jn 3:2 Beloved, now we are the children of God, and it was not yet revealed what we shall be. But we know that if He is revealed, we shall be like Him, because we shall see Him as He is.
We shall be covered in His garments of salvation
Isa 61:9 And their seed shall be known among the nations, and their offspring among the peoples; all who see them shall acknowledge them, that they are the seed that Jehovah has blessed.
The Seed = Messiah (Galatians 3:16, 29). Who is the seed that the LORD has blessed? Christ and His Body.
Isa 61:10 Rejoicing I will rejoice in Jehovah. My soul shall be joyful in my God. For He clothed me with garments of salvation; He put on me the robe of righteousness, even as a bridegroom dons as a priest his head-dress, and as a bride wears her ornaments.
Isa 61:11 For as the earth comes out with her buds, and as a garden causes that which is sown to grow, so the Lord Jehovah will make righteousness and praise to grow before all the nations.
Notice the connection between the resurrection (earth sprouting her buds) and being clothed in the garments of Messiah.
Psa 132:9 Let Your priests be clothed with righteousness, and let Your saints shout for joy.
Psa 132:13 Jehovah has chosen Zion; He has desired it for His dwelling-place.
Psa 132:14 This is My rest till forever; I will dwell here; I have desired it.
Psa 132:16 And I will clothe her priests with salvation; and her saints shall surely shout.
Garments of righteousness = garments of salvation (ישע ‘yesha’ – source of the name Jesus). What is our righteousness? Christ the LORD (Jeremiah 23:6)
Jer 23:5 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
Jer 23:6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
His body is His house/tent
1Ti 3:15 But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.
Heb 3:6 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.