Daily Tidbits 1/10/12 – Farming

Today (1/10/12) is the New Hampshire primaries.  Hampshire traces to the Old English hamtun which means ‘home farm.’  Southampton was known in Old English as Hamwic or Hamtun ‘home farm’.

Scripture likens the LORD to a farmer, in fact He is the first farmer.
Gen 2:8  And Jehovah God planted a garden in Eden to the east; and He put the man whom He had formed there.
Gen 2:15  And Jehovah God took the man and put him into the Garden of Eden, to work it and to keep it.

Joh 15:1  I am the True Vine, and My Father is the Vinedresser (γεωργός ‘geōrgos’ – husbandman, farmer, tiller of the soil).

Mat 13:37  And answering, He said to them, The One sowing the good seed is the Son of Man.
Mat 13:38  And the field is the world; and the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; but the darnel are the sons of the evil one.
Mat 13:39  And the hostile one who sowed them is the Devil, and the harvest is the end of the age, and the angels are the reapers.
Mat 13:40  Then as the darnel is gathered and is consumed in the fire, so it will be in the completion of this age.
Mat 13:41  The Son of Man will send forth His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all the offenses, and those who practice lawlessness.
Mat 13:42  And they will throw them into the furnace of fire; there will be weeping and gnashing of the teeth.
Mat 13:43  Then the righteous will shine out like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. The one having ears to hear, let him hear.

Isaiah declares that God taught man how to farm.
Isa 28:23  Give ear and hear My voice; pay attention and hear My Word:
Isa 28:24  Does the plowman plow all day to sow? Does he open and break the clods of his ground?
Isa 28:25  When he has leveled its surface, does he not strew black cummin, and scatter cummin, and place wheat in rows, and barley in its place, and spelt in its border?
Isa 28:26  And He instructs him for the right; his God teaches him.
Isa 28:27  For black cummin is not threshed with the sledge; nor is a cartwheel turned on cummin. But black cummin is beaten out with the staff, and cummin with the rod.
Isa 28:28  Bread is crushed, but not always does one thresh it with threshing; and he drives the wheel of his cart; and his horses do not beat it small.
Isa 28:29  This also comes from Jehovah of Hosts, doing wonders in counsel, making sound wisdom great.

John Gill Commentary
Isa 28:29 – This also cometh from the Lord of hosts,…. All this wisdom the husbandman has, in manuring his ground, in sowing it with proper seed, and in threshing it out in a manner suitable to it. Agriculture or husbandry, even among the Heathens, is always ascribed to God, as an invention of his, and it was the first work which God put man to, and instructed him in, Gen_3:23 and as this, so all other arts, and sciences, and manufactures, come from God, even all things in nature, providence, and grace, and the knowledge of them; wherefore he himself must be infinitely wise and knowing; see Psa_94:9 and be as he is next described:

which is wonderful in counsel: in giving counsel to man, both with respect to things temporal and spiritual; and whose counsel is always wise and good, and for the best; and, when taken, infallibly succeeds. See an instance of his wonderful counsel, Rev_3:18 and also he is “wonderful” in forming wise plans and schemes of operation; the wise plan of his works of creation and providence was formed in his vast and infinite mind from eternity; the wise scheme of our redemption and salvation by Christ was concerted by him, wherein he has abounded towards us in all wisdom and prudence; and the manner, means, time, and place, of his gathering and the effectual calling of his people, are all wisely fixed by him; and he does all things after “the counsel of his will”, Eph_1:11 and therefore it follows:

It is by a divine instinct that the husbandman acts in this manner; for God, who established agriculture at the creation (i.e., Jehovah, not Osiris), has also given men understanding. This is the meaning of v’yisserō lammishpât:

Isaiah links farming with wisdom

Isa 28:29  This also comes from Jehovah of Hosts, doing wonders in counsel, making sound wisdom great.

The word for farmer is אכר ‘akar’ which means to dig up the ground and plant crops.

A cognate of אכר ‘akar’ is כאר ‘kar’ which literally means to engrave into stone.  It also means to make a deep explanation, likened unto a farmer who digs in the soil and plants the seed (the Word).  Both words trace back to the root כר ‘kar’ which means to dig.

Pro 25:2  The glory of God is to conceal a thing, but the glory of kings is to search out a matter.

The word here for search out is חקר ‘chaqar’ which also comes from the root כר ‘kar’ meaning to dig.  The Son of Man plants the seed (the Word).  He leaves it up to his servants to work the ground and dig out the treasures.

Jesus said that the parable of the sower (the farmer) is the foundation of understanding all His parables and hence, all of the Word (Psalm 78:1-2)

Mar 4:2  And He taught them many things in parables, and said to them in His teaching:
Mar 4:3  Listen! Behold, the sower went out to sow.
Mar 4:4  And as he sowed, it happened that one indeed fell by the wayside; and the birds of the heaven came and devoured it.
Mar 4:5  And another fell on the stony place where it did not have much earth. And it sprang up at once, due to not having deepness of earth.
Mar 4:6  And the sun rising, it was scorched. And through not having root, it was dried out.
Mar 4:7  And another fell into the thorn-bushes, and the thorn-bushes grew up and choked it; and it did not yield fruit.
Mar 4:8  And another fell into the good ground, and yielded fruit, going up and increasing; and one bore thirty, and one sixty, and one a hundredfold.
Mar 4:13  And He said to them, Do you not know this parable? And how will you know all parables?
Mar 4:14  The sower sows the Word.
Mar 4:15  And these are those by the wayside where the Word is sown. And when they hear, Satan comes at once and takes away the Word having been sown in their hearts.
Mar 4:16  And likewise, these are the ones having been sown on the rocky places, who, when they hear the Word, they immediately receive it with joy,
Mar 4:17  yet they have no root in themselves, but are temporary. Then trouble or persecution having occurred through the Word, immediately they are offended.
Mar 4:18  These are those being sown into the thorn bushes, those hearing the Word,
Mar 4:19  and the cares of this age, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts about other things entering in, they choke the Word, and it becomes unfruitful.
Mar 4:20  And these are those being sown on the good ground, who hear and welcome the Word and bring forth fruit, one thirty, and one sixty, and one a hundredfold.

The Word/Torah is likened unto a parable.
Psa 78:1  A Lesson of Asaph. O my people, listen to my law; bow your ears to the words of my mouth.
Psa 78:2  I will open my mouth in a parable; I will pour forth dark sayings of old,

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