Advent

Advent is a season/time of expectant waiting and preparation for the celebration of the Nativity of Jesus at Christmas. Advent is an anglicized version of the Latin word ‘adventus’ which means “coming”.

The Latin word adventus is the translation of the Greek word παρουσία ‘parousia,’ commonly used to refer to the Second Coming of Christ. The season of Advent anticipates the coming of Christ from two different perspectives. It remembers the ancient longing for the first coming of the Messiah and reminds believers to look for His second advent.

Advent looks back at the first coming of Christ
Mal_3:2 et quis poterit cogitare diem adventus eius et quis stabit ad videndum eum ipse enim quasi ignis conflans et quasi herba fullonum

Mal 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
Mal 3:2 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner’s fire, and like fullers’ soap:

Act_13:24 praedicante Iohanne ante faciem adventus eius baptismum paenitentiae omni populo Israhel

Act 13:24 When John had first preached before his coming the baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel.

Advent looks forward to the second coming of Christ
Mat_24:3 sedente autem eo super montem Oliveti accesserunt ad eum discipuli secreto dicentes dic nobis quando haec erunt et quod signum adventus tui et consummationis saeculi

Mat 24:3 And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?

Mat_24:27 sicut enim fulgur exit ab oriente et paret usque in occidente ita erit et adventus Filii hominis

Mat 24:27 For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

Mat_24:37 sicut autem in diebus Noe ita erit et adventus Filii hominis

Mat 24:37 But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

Mat_24:39 et non cognoverunt donec venit diluvium et tulit omnes ita erit et adventus Filii hominis

Mat 24:39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

Jas_5:8 patientes estote et vos confirmate corda vestra quoniam adventus Domini adpropinquavit

Jas 5:8 Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.

The Latin Vulgate equates the day of our Lord with is His second advent

1Co_1:8 qui et confirmabit vos usque ad finem sine crimine in die adventus Domini nostri Iesu Christi

1Co 1:8 Who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Advent looks to the defeat of the evil one

2Th_2:8 et tunc revelabitur ille iniquus quem Dominus Iesus interficiet spiritu oris sui et destruet inlustratione adventus sui

2Th 2:8 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:

Winter time portrays this victory of Christ over the devil.  More on this below.

Advent is the season of hope and patient anticipation.

Jas 5:7 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain.

It is hope by which we stand , it is hope whereby we are saved.  It is this hope and salvation that brings us unspeakable joy.

Rom 8:24 For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for?

Rom 5:2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

1Pe 1:8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:
1Pe 1:9 Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls.

Our Hope is Christ Jesus

1Ti 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope;

Rom 15:12 And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust {ἐλπίζω ‘elpizō’ – trust, hope, expectation, joyful waiting).

Rom 15:13 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.

In Romans 15, Paul is quoting the prophecy of Isaiah which speaks of the coming of Christ, the root of Jesse.

Isa 11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

The imagery of the wreaths and the Christmas trees during the season of Advent is appropriate as it points to Christ who is spoken of in the imagery of trees (Jeremiah 23:5; 33:15; Isaiah 4:2; 11:1, 10; 53:1; Zechariah 6:12; Psalm 80:15).

Isa 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
Isa 11:2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;
Isa 11:3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
Isa 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
Isa 11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.

The imagery of Christ as the Branch is connected with His role as the Light to the nations.
Rev 22:16 I, Jesus, sent My angel to testify these things to you over the assemblies. I am the Root and Offspring of David, the bright and morning Star.

The is further seen in Luke 1:78 where Christ is spoken of as the Dayspring from on high.

Luk 1:78 through the tender heart of mercy of our God, in which the Dayspring {ἀνατολή ‘anatolē’} from on high will visit us,

In the Septuagint, ἀνατολή ‘anatolē’ is used to translate the Hebrew word צמח ‘tsemach’ which is translated as Branch (Isaiah 4:2; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Zechariah 3:8; 6:12).

Further connecting the Branch to the heavens (Luke 1:78 – Dayspring from on hgh) is the star Al Mureddin, which is a star in the constellation of Virgo (the Virgin). Al Mureddin has the meaning of “the branch that cometh.”

The first ‘decan’ constellation of Virgo is Coma which is a picture of a woman with a child on her lap. The name coma means the ‘desire of all nations’ (Haggai 2:7).

Hag 2:7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

Virgo holds in her hand an ear of corn (Spica), with 5 stars which represents the 5 mentions of THE BRANCH in the Scriptures (Isaiah 4:2; Jeremiah 23:5, 33:15; Zechariah 6:12).

Spica is the star in the hand of the constellation Virgo and corresponds to the Hebrew word צמח ‘tsemach’ (the BRANCH Isaiah 4:2; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Zechariah 3:8; 6:12). צמח ‘tsemach has the meaning of a sprouting plant.

The Messiah is likened to a plant rising from the ground

Isa 11:1 And a Shoot goes out from the stump of Jesse, and a Branch will bear fruit out of his roots.

Isa 11:10 And it shall be in that day, the Root of Jesse stands as a banner of peoples; nations shall seek to Him; and His resting place shall be glory.

Isa 53:1 Who has believed our report? And to whom is the arm of Jehovah revealed?

Isa 53:2 For He comes up before Him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground. He has no form nor magnificence that we should see Him; nor form that we should desire Him.

Zec 6:12 And speak to him, saying, So says Jehovah of Hosts, saying, Behold! The Man {Joshua – Hebrew origin of the name Jesus} whose name is THE BRANCH! And He shall spring up out of His place, and He shall build the temple of Jehovah.

The next decan constellation is the Centaur which is half man and half horse, said to indicate the two natures of Messiah.  In Hebrew the name is בזה ‘beza’ which means the despised.

Isa 53:3  He is despised (בזה ‘beza’) and abandoned of men, a Man of pains, and acquainted with sickness. And as it were hiding our faces from Him, He being despised, and we did not value Him.

Centaurus – Temple of Denderah

Here in the Temple of Denderah a picture of a human with the head of a calf and tail is seen. The tail represents the one that ‘cometh’ and the head of the calf or lamb of sacrifice. In Egyptian the name was ‘knemu’ which meant the one appointed to die or be bruised.

Gen 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He will bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.

Joh 1:29 On the morrow, John sees Jesus coming toward him and said, Behold! The Lamb of God, taking away the sin of the world!
Joh 1:36 And looking at Jesus walking, he said, Behold, the Lamb of God!

The word for winter in Hebrew is חרף ‘charaph’ which has the meaning of piercing, as in the piercing cold winds of this time of year.  This word is linked to the promise in the Garden of the LORD to Eve that her Seed would defeat the serpent.

The Promised Seed

Gen 3:15  And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Psalm 89 links this prophecy with the Messiah, in specific verse 51.

Psa 89:19  Then You spoke in a vision to Your holy one; and You said, I have laid help on a mighty one. I have exalted a chosen one from the people.
Psa 89:20  I have found My servant David; I have anointed him with My holy oil.

Psa 89:22  An enemy will not exact against him; nor the son of iniquity afflict him.
Psa 89:23  And I will beat down his foes before him, and plague those hating him.
Psa 89:24  But My faithfulness and My mercy is with him; and his horn shall be exalted in My name.
Psa 89:25  And I will set his hand in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers.
Psa 89:26  He shall cry to Me, My Father, You are my God, and the rock of my salvation.
Psa 89:27  And I will make Him My first-born, higher than the kings of the earth.
Psa 89:28  I will keep My mercy for him forever, and My covenant shall hold fast with him.
Psa 89:29  And I have established his Seed forever, and His throne as the days of the heavens.

Psa 89:35  Once I have sworn by My holiness; I will not lie to David.
Psa 89:36  His Seed shall be forever, and his throne as the sun before Me.
Psa 89:37  Like the moon, it shall be forever; and a faithful witness in the sky. Selah.

Psa 89:50  Remember, O Lord, the reproach of Your servants, my bearing in my bosom the insults of the many peoples (This is in reference to Christ carrying the sins of mankind Isaiah 53; Romans 15:3)
Psa 89:51  with which Your enemies have cursed (חרף ‘charaph’), O Jehovah; with which they have cursed (חרף ‘charaph’- pierced) the footsteps (עקב ‘aqav’ – heel) of Your anointed ( משיח ‘mashiyach’ – Messiah/Christ/Anointed).

The word translated ‘cursed’ above is from the Hebrew חרף ‘charaph’ which means to pierce, referring back to Genesis 3 and the piercing of the heel of the Seed of the woman.

The word חרף ‘charaph’ comes from the root word חל ‘chal’ which means a twisting in pain.  This word is used in reference to the piercing of Christ in Isaiah 53.

Isa 53:5  But He was wounded ( חלל ‘chalal’) for our transgressions; He was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His wounds we ourselves are healed.

At the last supper Jesus offered the cup of the covenant which was offered to the bride and also spoke of His death (Matthew 26:68; 1 Corinthians 11:25-26).  Amazingly, חרף ‘charaph’ (winter), the time of darkness and death and a picture of the piercing of Messiah is also the word in Hebrew for betrothal.

The last decan constellation of Virgo is Bootes which is a picture of a man with a spear and sickle (Revelation 14:15-16) whose name means ‘the Coming One.’

Psa 96:13 before Jehovah; for He comes; for He comes to judge the earth; He shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with His faithfulness.

Rev 14:14 And I saw; and behold, a white cloud and on the cloud One sitting like the Son of Man, having on His head a golden crown, and in His hand a sharp sickle.
Rev 14:15 And another angel went forth out of the temple, crying in a great voice to the One sitting on the cloud, Send Your sickle and reap, because Your hour to reap came, because the harvest of the earth was dried.
Rev 14:16 And the One sitting on the cloud thrust His sickle onto the earth, and the earth was reaped.

The coming of Christ brings light to the nations

Luk 2:32 A light to lighten {ἀποκάλυψις ‘apokalupsis’} the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.

The word translated ‘lighten’ in the above verse is ἀποκάλυψις ‘apokalupsis’ which means to reveal or appear.  It is also translated as ‘coming’ in reference to the second Advent of Christ.

1Co 1:7 So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming {ἀποκάλυψις ‘apokalupsis’} of our Lord Jesus Christ:

 

Advent Wreath

The Advent Wreath combines the evergreen and light imagery mentioned above in relation to the coming of Christ.

One of the Hebrew words for wreath is גדיל ‘gediyl’ which is also translated as fringe as in the tassels which were to hang from the garments of believers in Old Testament times. The imagery of tassels is prominent in Malachi’s prophecy of the Advent of Christ.

Mal 4:1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
Mal 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.

The woman who had an issue of blood understood this prophecy and grabbed hold of the wings of Christ’s garments to be healed (Mark 5:25-34). These fringes are also called ציצת tsîytsith in the Scriptures. This word comes from the root צוּץ tsûts which means to blossom, flourish and shine. Here again is the plant, light imagery which the Advent wreath displays.

Further displaying this light connection is the word צפירה ‘tsephiyrah’ which means morning and wreath.

צפירה ‘tsephiyrah’ comes from the root word צפר ‘tsaphar’ which means a bird, in particular the song of the birds in the morning.

Some etymologists believe צפירה ‘tsephiyrah’ is the source of the English word spiral. Some others believe the Hebrew word for trumpet (שופר ‘shofar’) is the source of the word spiral as the shape of the ram’s horn is a spiral. Interestingly, שופר ‘shofar’ also has a connection to light and the morning as the word has a meaning of bright and beautiful.

שופר ‘shofar’ is related to the the Aramaic word שׁפרפר ‘shepharphar’ which means the dawn (Daniel 6:19) further connecting the two words.

The reason this is brought to attention is the sound of the trumpet is associated with Christ’s second advent.

1Th 4:16 Because the Lord Himself shall come down from Heaven with a commanding shout of an archangel’s voice, and with God’s trumpet. And the dead in Christ will rise again first.
Mat 24:31 And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather His elect from the four winds, from the ends of the heavens to their ends.
1Co 15:52 In a moment, in a glance of an eye, at the last trumpet; for a trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall all be changed.

Advent is a season of hope. Hope is given to us through God’s grace
2Th 2:16 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given us everlasting consolation and good hope through grace,
2Th 2:17 Comfort your hearts, and stablish you in every good word and work.

In the Scriptures, grace is likened to a wreath

Pro 3:18  She is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy is every one that retaineth her.
Pro 3:22  So shall they be life unto thy soul, and grace to thy neck.

Proverbs 3:22 corresponds to Proverbs 1:9 which speaks of an ornament (wreath לויה ‘livyah’) of grace.

Pro 1:9  For they shall be an ornament {לויה ‘livyah’ – wreath, ornament} of grace unto thy head, and chains about thy neck.

 

The conclusion of the Holy Scriptures points to the Advent of Jesus Christ.

Rev 22:20 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.
Rev 22:21 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

 

Related articles:

Daily Tidbits 3/29 – Hope

Daily Tidbits 12/20/11 – Virgo

Daily Tidbits 12/22/11 – Winter

In Defense of Christmas

Christmas & Herbert Armstrong

Christmas and the Bible

Christmas – Little Guy in the Eye

December 25th

YES! Evidence Indicates Jesus Really Was Born Dec. 25th – Kurt Simmons

“Unto You is Born this Day” – Kurt Simmons

John the Baptist Six Months Older than our Lord – Kurt Simmons

The Nativity of Christ & Death of Herod the Great – Kurt Simmons

Star of Bethlehem or Nazareth? – Kurt Simmons

Objections to Christmas and the Dec. 25th Birth of Christ Answered – Kurt Simmons

Refutation of Ernest Martin’s “The Star that Astonished the World” – Kurt Simmons

Dating the Birth of Jesus of Nazareth – Michal E. Hunt

How December 25 Became Christmas – Biblical Archaeology Society

Calculating Christmas: The Story Behind December 25 – William J. Tighe

Christmas – Throwback Christianity

December 25th & Paganism

Is Christmas Lawful, or Is It Pagan? – Kurt Simmons

Presbyterian & Puritanial Curmudeons and the War Against Christmas – Kurt Simmons

Christmas Was Never a Pagan Holiday – Marian T. Horvat

Is Christmas Really a Pagan Holiday? – Come Reason Ministries

Christmas: Pagan Festival or Christian Celebration? – Dr. Anthony McRoy

Christmas Trees & Jeremiah 10

Christmas Trees & the Bible

On Nimrod and Christmas Trees – “As Bereans Did”

Christmas Gifts

 

Holidays

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